/ / Language: Русский / Genre:sci_linguistic,adventure,children, / Series: Метод чтения Ильи Франка

Английский язык с Робинзоном Крузо в пересказе для детей

James Baldwin

Английский язык с Робинзоном Крузо (в пересказе для детей) Robinson Crusoe Written Anew for Children by James Baldwin Необыкновенно простой язык. C этой книги хорошо начинать читать по-английски. Текст адаптирован (без упрощения текста оригинала) по методу Ильи Франка: текст разбит на небольшие отрывки, каждый и который повторяется дважды: сначала идет английский текст с «подсказками» — с вкрапленным в него дословным русским переводом и лексико-грамматическим комментарием (то есть адаптированный), а затем — тот же текст, но уже неадаптированный, без подсказок. Начинающие осваивать английский язык могут при этом читать сначала отрывок текста с подсказками, а затем тот же отрывок — без подсказок. Вы как бы учитесь плавать: сначала плывете с доской, потом без доски. Совершенствующие свой английский могут поступать наоборот: читать текст без подсказок, по мере необходимости подглядывая в подсказки. Запоминание слов и выражений происходит при этом за счет их повторяемости, без зубрежки. Кроме того, читатель привыкает к логике английского языка, начинает его «чувствовать». Этот метод избавляет вас от стресса первого этапа освоения языка — от механического поиска каждого слова в словаре и от бесплодного гадания, что же все-таки значит фраза, все слова из которой вы уже нашли. Пособие способствует эффективному освоению языка, может служить дополнением к учебникам по грамматике или к основным занятиям. Предназначено для студентов, для изучающих английский язык самостоятельно, а также для всех интересующихся английской культурой. Мультиязыковой проект Ильи Франка: www.franklang.ru От редактора fb2. Есть два способа оформления транскрипции: UTF-LATIN и ASCII-IPA. Для корректного отображения UTF-LATIN необходимы полноценные юникодные шрифты, например, DejaVu или Arial Unicode MS. Если по каким либо причинам вас это не устраивает, то воспользуйтесь ASCII-IPA версией той же самой книги (отличается только кодированием транскрипции). Но это сопряженно с небольшими трудностями восприятия на начальном этапе. Более подробно об ASCII-IPA читайте в Интернете: http://alt-usage-english.org/ipa/ascii_ipa_combined.shtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirshenbaum

Английский язык с Робинзоном Крузо (в пересказе для детей)

Robinson Crusoe Written Anew for Children by James Baldwin

Адаптировал Илья Франк

Метод чтения Ильи Франка

I WISH TO BE A SAILOR

(я хочу быть моряком)

MY name is Robinson Crusoe (мое имя = меня зовут Робинзон Крузо). I was born in the old city of York (я родился: «был рожден» в старом городе Йорке), where there is a broad river (где есть широкая река; there is/are — имеется), with ships coming and going (с кораблями приходящими и уходящими).

When I was a little boy (когда я был маленьким мальчиком), I spent much of my time (я проводил много своего времени; to spend — проводить /время/) looking at the river (глядя на реку).

How pleasant was the quiet stream (каким красивым был тихий поток; pleasant — приятный; радостный; милый, симпатичный), flowing, always flowing (текущий, постоянно текущий; to flow — течь; always — всегда, неизменно), toward the far-away sea (по направлению к далекому морю; far-away — далекий, дальний; far — далеко; away — прочь)!

I liked to watch the ships (мне нравилось смотреть на корабли) as they came in (когда они приходили) with their white sails (с белыми парусами) spread to the wind (распростертыми на ветру; to spread — развертывать/ся/; раскидывать/ся/; простирать/ся/; расстилать/ся/).

I liked to think of the strange lands (мне нравилось думать о чуждых землях) which they must have visited (которые они, должно быть, посетили: «должны были посетить»), and of the many wonderful things (и о многих прекрасных вещах/событиях) they must have passed (которые они, должно быть, увидели/с которыми столкнулись).

I wished to be a sailor (я хотел быть моряком). I thought how grand it must be to sail and sail (я думал: как прекрасно, должно быть: «это должно быть» плавать под парусами; sail — парус; to sail — плавать на яхте, ходить на яхте, идти под парусами) on the wide blue sea (по широкому синему морю), with the sky above (с небом наверху) and the waves beneath (и волнами внизу). Nothing could be pleasanter (ничто не могло быть приятнее).

My father wanted me to learn a trade (мой отец хотел, чтобы я научился ремеслу). But I could not bear the thought of it (но я не мог вынести мысли об этом). I could not bear the thought of working every day in a dusty shop (я не мог вынести мысли о работе каждый день в пыльном магазине; dust — пыль).

I did not wish to stay in York all my life (я не желал оставаться в Йорке все жизнь). I wanted to see the world (я хотел увидеть мир). I would be a sailor and nothing else (я хотел быть моряком и никем другим).

My mother was very sad when I told her (моя мать была печальна, когда я сказал ей; to tell — говорить; рассказывать).

A sailor's life, she said, was a hard life (жизнь моряка, сказала она, это тяжелая жизнь). There were many storms at sea (на море бывает много штормов/бурь), and ships were often wrecked (и корабли часто терпят крушение; wreck — крушение).

She told me, too, that there were great fishes in the sea (она также сказала мне, что есть = встречаются в море огромные рыбы), and that they would eat me up if I fell into the water (и что онисъедят меня, если я упаду в воду).

Then she gave me a cake (затем она дала мне пирог), and kissed me (и поцеловала меня). "How much safer it is to be at home (как много = насколько безопаснее быть = оставаться дома)!" she said.

But I would not listen to her (но я не слушал ее). My mind was made up (мое решение было принято; to make up one's mind — принять решение: «настроить свой разум»; mind — разум; умственные способности; ум; настроение, расположение духа), and a sailor I would be (и /все же именно/ моряком я хотел стать).

When I was eighteen years old (когда мне было восемнадцать лет), I left my pleasant home and went to sea (покинул мой милый дом и отправился в море).

pleasant [pleznt], quiet [ˈkwaɪǝt], toward [tǝˈwɔ:d], spread [spred], visit [ˈvɪzɪt], beneath [bɪˈni:Ɵ], world [wǝ:ld]

I WISH TO BE A SAILOR

MY name is Robinson Crusoe. I was born in the old city of York, where there is a broad river, with ships coming and going.

When I was a little boy, I spent much of my time looking at the river.

How pleasant was the quiet stream, flowing, always flowing, toward the far-away sea! I liked to watch the ships as they came in with their white sails spread to the wind.

I liked to think of the strange lands which they must have visited, and of the many wonderful things they must have passed.

I wished to be a sailor. I thought how grand it must be to sail and sail on the wide blue sea, with the sky above and the waves beneath. Nothing could be pleasanter.

My father wanted me to learn a trade. But I could not bear the thought of it. I could not bear the thought of working every day in a dusty shop.

I did not wish to stay in York all my life. I wanted to see the world. I would be a sailor and nothing else.

My mother was very sad when I told her.

A sailor's life, she said, was a hard life. There were many storms at sea, and ships were often wrecked.

She told me, too, that there were great fishes in the sea, and that they would eat me up if I fell into the water.

Then she gave me a cake, and kissed me. "How much safer it is to be at home!" she said.

But I would not listen to her. My mind was made up, and a sailor I would be.

When I was eighteen years old, I left my pleasant home and went to sea.

I MAKE MY FIRST VOYAGE

(я совершаю мое первое путешествие)

I SOON found that my mother's words were true (я вскоре нашел = понял, что слова матери были правдой; to find — находить). A sailor's life is indeed a hard life (жизнь моряка /и/ в самом деле тяжелая жизнь; hard — жесткий; трудный, тяжелый).

There was no time for play on board of our ship (не было времени для игр на борту нашего корабля). Even in the fairest weather (даже при самой хорошей погоде) there was much work to be done (было много работы, которую нужно было сделать: «которая должна была быть сделана»).

On the very first night the wind began to blow (в самую первую ночь начал дуть ветер). The waves rolled high (волны катились высоко). The ship was tossed this way and that (корабль бросало туда и суда; to toss — бросать, кидать, швырять). Never had I seen such a storm (никогда я не видел такого шторма; to saw — видеть).

All night long the wind blew (всю ночь напролет дул ветер; to blow — дуть). I was so badly frightened (я был так сильно напуган; badly — скверно, дурно, плохо; крайне, очень сильно /придает эмоционально-усилительный оттенок/) that I did not know what to do (что не знал, что делать). I thought the ship would surely go to the bottom (я подумал, что что корабль наверняка пойдет на дно; surely — конечно, непременно).

Then I remembered my pleasant home and the words of my kind mother (тогда я вспомнил мой милый дом и слова моей доброй матери).

"If I live to reach dry land (если я доживу /того, что/ доберусь до суши: «достигну сухой земли»)," I said to myself, "I will give up this thought of being a sailor (я откажусь от мысли быть моряком; to give up — оставить, отказаться; бросить /напр.мысль, привычку/). I will go home and stay with my father and mother (я отправлюсь домой и буду жить: «оставаться/пребывать» с моими отцом и матерью). I will never set my foot in another ship (я никогда не поставлю мою ногу на другой корабль = нога моя не ступит ни на какой корабль)."

Day came (день пришел = настал день). The storm was worse than before (штром был хуже, чем прежде). I felt sure that we were lost (я почувствовал точно = был уверен, что мы были потеряны = что мы пропали; to feel — чувствовать; sure — уверенный; убедившийся; to lose — терять, утрачивать). But toward evening (но /ближе/ к вечеру) the sky began to clear (небо начало проясняться; to begin — начинать/ся/). The wind died away (ветер стих; to die — умирать; затихать /о ветре, звуке/). The waves went down (волны успокоились: «опустились»). The storm was over (закончился; to be over — заканчиваться; over — по ту сторону, за, через).

The next morning the sun rose bright (на следующее утро солнце встало ярким; to rise — вставать, подниматься) and warm upon a smooth sea (и теплым над ровным морем; smooth — гладкий). It was a beautiful sight (это был прекрасный вид).

As I stood looking out over the wide water (пока я стоял, смотря вдаль на широкую воду; to stand — стоять; out — наружу), the first mate came up (подошел первый помощник капитана; mate — товарищ; напарник; подручный, помощник; /мор./ помощник капитана /в торговом флоте/; to come up — подходить). He was a kind man (он был добрым человеком), and always friendly to me (и всегда дружелюбным по отношению ко мне).

"Well (ну), Bob," he said, "how do you like it (как тебе это нравится)? Were you frightened by that little gale (/не/ был /ли/ ты напуган этим ветерком; gale — шторм; буря; ветер от 7 до 10 баллов /порыв, движущийся со скоростью от 51 до 100 километров в час/; /поэт./ ветерок, зефир)?"

"I hope you don't call it a little gal (надеюсь, вы не называете = не станете же вы называть это ветерком)," I said. "Indeed it was a terrible storm (на самом деле это был ужасный шторм)."

The mate laughed (помощник капитана засмеялся).

"Do you call that a storm (ты называешь это штормом)?" he asked (спросил он). "Why, it was nothing at all (да ну, это было ничто вообще = был сущий пустяк; why — почему?; междометие, выражающее самые разнообразные эмоции в зависимости от контекста: удивление, согласие или несогласие, нетерпение и т. п.). You are only a fresh-water sailor (ты всего лишь пресноводный моряк; fresh water — пресная вода; fresh — свежий), Bob. Wait till we have a real storm (подожди, пока у нас будет настоящий шторм)."

And so I soon forgot my fears (и так я вскоре забыл свои страхи; to forget — забывать).

Little by little (мало-помалу), I gave up all thoughts of going home again (я бросил мысли снова отправиться = вернуться домой). "A sailor's life for me (жизнь моряка /это/ для меня)," I said.

My first voyage was not a long one (мое первое путешествие не было долгим).

I visited no new lands (я не посетил новых земель/стран), for the ship went only to London (так как корабль сходил только в Лондон). But the things which I saw in that great city (но вещи, которые я увидел в великом городе) seemed very wonderful to me (казались мне весьма удивительными).

Nothing would satisfy me but to make a long voyage (ничто не могло бы удовлетворить меня, кроме /как/ совершить длинное путешествие). I wished to see the whole world (я желал увидеть весь мир).

indeed [ɪnˈdi:d], board [bɔ:d], weather [ˈweðǝ], done [dʌn], began [bɪˈɡæn], frighten [ˈfraɪt(ǝ)n], surely [ˈʃuǝlɪ], worse [wǝ:s], smooth [smu:ð], beautiful [ˈbju:tǝfǝl], friendly [ˈfrendlɪ], terrible [ˈterǝbl], laugh [lɑ:f], forgot [fǝˈɡɔt], fear [ˈfɪǝ], voyage [ˈvɔɪɪʤ], wonderful [ˈwʌndǝfǝl], satisfy [ˈsætɪsfaɪ], whole [hǝul]

I MAKE MY FIRST VOYAGE

I SOON found that my mother's words were true. A sailor's life is indeed a hard life. There was no time for play on board of our ship. Even in the fairest weather there was much work to be done.

On the very first night the wind began to blow. The waves rolled high. The ship was tossed this way and that. Never had I seen such a storm.

All night long the wind blew. I was so badly frightened that I did not know what to do. I thought the ship would surely go to the bottom.

Then I remembered my pleasant home and the words of my kind mother.

"If I live to reach dry land," I said to myself, "I will give up this thought of being a sailor. I will go home and stay with my father and mother. I will never set my foot in another ship."

Day came. The storm was worse than before. I felt sure that we were lost. But toward evening the sky began to clear. The wind died away. The waves went down. The storm was over.

The next morning the sun rose bright and warm upon a smooth sea. It was a beautiful sight.

As I stood looking out over the wide water, the first mate came up. He was a kind man, and always friendly to me.

"Well, Bob," he said, "how do you like it? Were you frightened by that little gale?"

"I hope you don't call it a little gale," I said. "Indeed it was a terrible storm."

The mate laughed.

"Do you call that a storm?" he asked. "Why, it was nothing at all. You are only a fresh-water sailor, Bob. Wait till we have a real storm."

And so I soon forgot my fears.

Little by little, I gave up all thoughts of going home again. "A sailor's life for me," I said.

My first voyage was not a long one.

I visited no new lands, for the ship went only to London. But the things which I saw in that great city seemed very wonderful to me.

Nothing would satisfy me but to make a long voyage. I wished to see the whole world.

I SEE MUCH OF THE WORLD

(я вижу мир)

IT was easy to find a ship to my liking (было легко найти корабль по моему вкусу); for all kinds of trading vessels (так как все виды торговых судов; vessel — сосуд /для жидкости/; корабль, судно) go out from London to every country that is known (выходят из Лондона в каждую страну, которая известна).

One day I met an old sea captain (однажды я встретил старого морского капитана; to meet — встречать) who had been often to the coast of Africa (который часто был на побережье Африки). He was pleased with my talk (ему понравился мой разговор = то, что я ему говорил).

"If you want to see the world (если ты хочешь увидеть мир)," he said, "you must sail with me (ты должен/тебе нужно выйти в море со мной)." And then he told me that he was going again to Africa (а затем он сказал мне, что собирается опять вАфрику), to trade with the black people there (торговать там с черными людьми; to trade — торговать; обменивать/ся/). He would carry out a load of cheap trinkets (он собирается повезти /туда/ груз дешевых безделушек; to carry — везти, перевозить) to exchange for gold dust and feathers (чтобы обменять на золотую пыль = на золотой песок и перья) and other rare and curious things (и на другие редкие и любопытные вещи).

I was very glad to go with him (был очень рад отправиться с ним). I would see strange lands (я увижу чужие страны; strange — чужой; чуждый; незнакомый, неизвестный; странный, необыкновенный; удивительный) and savage people (и диких людей). I would have many a stirring adventure (у меня будут = меня ждут многие интереснейшие приключения; stirring — волнующий, возбуждающий, вдохновляющий; to stir — шевелить; волновать, возбуждать).

Before ten days had passed (прежде чем десять дней прошли = не прошло и десяти дней), we were out on the great ocean (/как/ мы были в великом океане = в открытом море/океане). Our ship was headed toward the south (наш корабль был направлен = направлялся к югу).

The captain was very kind to me (капитан был очень добр ко мне). He taught me much that every sailor ought to know (он научил меня тому, что должен знать каждый моряк; to teach — учить). He showed me how to steer (он показал мне, как править /рулем/) and manage the vessel (и управляться с судном). He told me about the tides (он рассказал мне о приливах и отливах; tide — прилив и отлив: a tide comes in — вода приливает a tide ebbs/goes out — вода убывает, спадает) and the compass (и компасе) and how to reckon the ship's course (и как вычислять курс корабля).

The voyage was a pleasant one (путешествие было приятным), and I saw more wonderful things (и я видел больше прекрасных вещей) than I can name (чем могу назвать).

When, at last, we sailed back to London (когда, наконец, мы отправились обратно в Лондон), we had gold enough (у нас было достаточно золота) to make a poor man rich (чтобы сделать бедного человека богатым).

I had nearly six pounds of the yellow dust (у меня было почти шесть фунтов желтой пыли = желтого песка) for my own share (в качестве моей собственной доли).

I had learned to be a trader (я научился быть торговцем) as well as a sailor (равно как и моряком).

It would take too long (заняло бы слишком долго = много времени) to tell you of all my voyages (рассказывать вам обо всех моих путешествиях). Some of them were happy and successful (некоторые из них были счастливыми и успешными; success — успех); but the most were unpleasant and full of disappointment (но большинство были неприятными и полными разочарований; to disappoint — разочаровывать).

Sometimes I went to Africa (иногда я отправлялся в Африку), sometimes to the new land of South America (иногда — в новые земли Южной Америки). But wherever I sailed I found the life of a sailor by no means easy (но куда бы я ни плавал, я находил жизнь моряка вовсе не легкой; means — средства; by no means — никоим образом не; ни в коем случае не; нисколько не, отнюдь не).

I did not care so much now (не заботился столь много теперь = не особенно стремился) to see strange sights (увидеть странные = необычные виды) and visit unknown shores (и посетить неизвестные берега).

I cared more for the money or goods (я больше заботился = думал о деньгах или товарах) that I would get by trading (которые я получу торговлей = в результате торговли).

At last a sudden end was put to all my sailing (в конце концов неожиданный конец был положен всем моим морским путешествиям; to sail — путешествовать морем; sail — парус). And it is of this that I will now tell you (и об этом я и расскажу вам сейчас).

easy [ˈi:zɪ], find [ˈfaɪnd], vessel [vesl], country [ˈkʌntrɪ], captain [ˈkæptɪn], pleased [pli:zd], trinket [ˈtrɪŋkɪt], exchange [ɪksˈtʃeɪnʤ], feather [ˈfeðǝ], rare [ˈreǝ], curious [ˈkjuǝrɪǝs], savage [ˈsævɪʤ], adventure [ǝdˈventʃǝ], pass [pɑ:s], great [ˈɡreɪt], ocean [ˈǝuʃ(ǝ)n], head [hed], ought [ɔ:t], steer [ˈstɪǝ], manage [ˈmænɪʤ], compass [ˈkʌmpǝs], reckon [ˈrek(ǝ)n], course [ˈkɔ:s], enough [ɪˈnʌf], poor [ˈpuǝ], successful [s(ǝ)kˈsesful], disappointment [ˌdɪsǝˈpɔɪntmǝnt]

I SEE MUCH OF THE WORLD

IT was easy to find a ship to my liking; for all kinds of trading vessels go out from London to every country that is known.

One day I met an old sea captain who had been often to the coast of Africa. He was pleased with my talk.

"If you want to see the world," he said, "you must sail with me." And then he told me that he was going again to Africa, to trade with the black people there. He would carry out a load of cheap trinkets to exchange for gold dust and feathers and other rare and curious things.

I was very glad to go with him. I would see strange lands and savage people. I would have many a stirring adventure.

Before ten days had passed, we were out on the great ocean. Our ship was headed toward the south.

The captain was very kind to me. He taught me much that every sailor ought to know. He showed me how to steer and manage the vessel. He told me about the tides and the compass and how to reckon the ship's course.

The voyage was a pleasant one, and I saw more wonderful things than I can name.

When, at last, we sailed back to London, we had gold enough to make a poor man rich.

I had nearly six pounds of the yellow dust for my own share.

I had learned to be a trader as well as a sailor.

It would take too long to tell you of all my voyages. Some of them were happy and successful; but the most were unpleasant and full of disappointment.

Sometimes I went to Africa, sometimes to the new land of South America. But wherever I sailed I found the life of a sailor by no means easy.

I did not care so much now to see strange sights and visit unknown shores.

I cared more for the money or goods that I would get by trading.

At last a sudden end was put to all my sailing. And it is of this that I will now tell you.

I UNDERTAKE A NEW VENTURE

(я предпринимаю новое рискованное начинание; venture — рискованное предприятие, рискованное начинание)

I HAD grown very tired of being a sailor (я стал очень уставшим от /того, что/ был моряком = мне весьма надоело…; to grow — расти; становиться). I was so tired of it that I made up my mind to try something else (я настолько устал от этого, что принял решение попытать что-то другое; to try — пробовать, испытывать).

It happened that I was then in Brazil (случилось, что я был тогда в Бразилии). I bought some land there (я купил там сколько-то = некоторое количество земли; to buy — покупать) and began to open a plantation (и начал открывать = основывать плантацию). The ground was rich (земля/почва была богатой), and it would be easy to raise tobacco and sugar cane (и было бы легко выращивать табак и сахарный тростник).

But I needed many things (но мне нужно было много вещей). I must have plows and hoes and a sugar mill (я должен иметь = у меня должны быть плуги, и мотыги, и сахарную мельницу = сахарный завод). Above all (и прежде всего: «выше всего») I must have men (у меня должны быть люди) to do the work on the plantation (чтобы делать работу = чтобы работать на плантации).

But neither men nor tools could I get in Brazil (но ни людей, ни инструментов я не мог достать в Бразилии).

I sent to London for the tools (я послал в Лондон за инструментами; to send — посылать). I tried to buy some slaves of the planters near me (я попытался купить рабов у плантаторов около меня), but they had not enough for themselves (но у них не было достаточно для самих себя).

"We will tell you what to do (мы скажем тебе, что делать)," they said. "We will fit out a trading vessel for Africa (мы снарядим торговое судно в Африку). We will put aboard of it everything that you need (мы доставим на борт все, в чем нуждаешься = что будет тебе нужно; to put — помещать, класть, ставить; aboard — на борту; на борт). As for your part (что касается твоей части), you shall be the manager of the business (ты будешь управляющим этого дела/предприятия); and you shall do the trading for us (и будешь заниматься торговлей за нас). You need not put in a penny of your own (тебе не нужно вкладывать ни пенни своих /денег/)."

"But how is that going to help me (но как это поможет мне)?" I asked (спросил я).

"Listen, and we will tell you (послушай, и мы скажем тебе)," they said. "With the goods which we send (с товарами, которые мы посылаем), you will buy as many black slaves as the ship will hold (ты купишь столько черных рабов, сколько выдержит корабль; to hold — держать). You will bring them here (ты привезешь их сюда), and we will divide them equally (и мы разделим их поровну; equal — равный, одинаковый). You shall share with us (ты поделишься с нами), just as though you had paid the money (как если бы ты заплатил деньги; just — точно, как раз, именно, поистине /о месте, времени, образе совершения действия/; to pay — платить)."

The plan pleased me very much (этот план мне очень понравился). I figured that each one of us would have thirty or forty slaves (я рассчитал, что каждый из нас получит тридцать или сорок рабов).

It was very foolish of me to go to sea again (было весьма глупо с моей стороны вновь отправиться в море); but the offer was so good (но предложение было столь хорошим = выгодным) that I could not say No (не мог сказать «нет»).

The ship was soon fitted out for the voyage (корабль был вскоре подготовлен для путешествия/поездки; to fit — быть впору, быть в самый раз, подходить /к чему-л./; /также to fit out/ снаряжать, оснащать). Her load was not very heavy (груз не был очень тяжелым). But there were plenty of goods (но было много товаров) such as were most fit for trade (таких, которые были наиболее подходящими для торговли).

There were boxes of red and blue beads (ящики красного и синего бисера), of bits of glass (кусочков стекла), and of other trinkets (и других безделушек). There were also knives and hatchets (были также ножи и топорики) and little looking-glasses (и маленькие зеркала). We reckoned that each one of these would buy a slave (мы подсчитали, что каждый /предмет/ из этих купит = позволит купить раба).

The ship was to carry fourteen men (корабль должен был везти четырнадцать человек) besides the captain and myself (помимо капитана и меня). She (он /корабль в англ. языке — женского рода/) was as fine a little vessel (был таким прекрасным маленьким судном = суденышком) as ever sailed from the coast of Brazil (которое когда-либо отходило в море от берега Бразилии).

tired [ˈtaɪǝd], bought [ˈbɔ:t], plantation [plænˈteɪʃ(ǝ)n], tobacco [tǝˈbækǝu], sugar [ˈʃuɡǝ], plow [ˈplau], hoe [ˈhǝu], could [kud], aboard [ǝˈbɔ:d], business [ˈbɪznǝs], divide [dɪˈvaɪd], equally [ˈi:kwǝlɪ], figure [ˈfɪɡǝ], again [ǝˈɡe(ɪ)n], load [ˈlǝud], heavy [ˈhevɪ], hatchet [ˈhætʃɪt], buy [ˈbaɪ], carry [ˈkærɪ], coast [ˈkǝust], Brazil [brǝˈzɪl]

I UNDERTAKE A NEW VENTURE

I HAD grown very tired of being a sailor. I was so tired of it that I made up my mind to try something else. It happened that I was then in Brazil. I bought some land there and began to open a plantation. The ground was rich, and it would be easy to raise tobacco and sugar cane. But I needed many things. I must have plows and hoes and a sugar mill. Above all I must have men to do the work on the plantation.

But neither men nor tools could I get in Brazil.

I sent to London for the tools. I tried to buy some slaves of the planters near me, but they had not enough for themselves.

"We will tell you what to do," they said. "We will fit out a trading vessel for Africa. We will put aboard of it everything that you need. As for your part, you shall be the manager of the business; and you shall do the trading for us. You need not put in a penny of your own."

"But how is that going to help me?" I asked.

"Listen, and we will tell you," they said. "With the goods which we send, you will buy as man black slaves as the ship will hold. You will bring them here, and we will divide them equally. You shall share with us, just as though you had paid the money."

The plan pleased me very much. I figured that each one of us would have thirty or forty slaves.

It was very foolish of me to go to sea again; but the offer was so good that I could not say No.

The ship was soon fitted out for the voyage. Her load was not very heavy. But there were plenty of goods such as were most fit for trade.

There were boxes of red and blue beads, of bits of glass, and of other trinkets. There were also knives and hatchets and little looking-glasses. We reckoned that each one of these would buy a slave.

The ship was to carry fourteen men besides the captain and myself. She was as fine a little vessel as ever sailed from the coast of Brazil.

I AM SHIPWRECKED

(я потерпел кораблекрушение; to be shipwrecked — потерпеть кораблекрушение)

AT length all things were ready for the voyage (наконец все вещи были готовы к путешествию; length — длина; продолжительность), and I went on board the ship (и я вступил на борт корабля).

It was just eight years to the day (было как раз восемь лет ото дня: «ко дню») since I had left my father and mother (с тех пор, как я покинул отца и мать; to leave — оставлять, покидать) and my pleasant home in good old York (и мой милый дом в добром старом Йорке).

I felt that I was doing a foolish thing (я чувствовал, что делаю глупую вещь; to feel — чувствовать); but I did not dare to say so (не осмеливался сказать это: « сказать так»; to dare to do smth. — осмелиться сделать что-л.).

The wind was fair (ветер был попутный; fair — красивый, прекрасный /уст., обычно о женщинах/; /мор./ попутный /о ветре/). The sails were spread (паруса были распущены; to spread — развертывать). Soon we were out to sea (вскоре мы были в открытом море).

For several days the weather was fine (в течение нескольких дней погода была хорошей). The ship sped swiftly on her way (корабль шел быстро по своему курсу; to speed — двигаться поспешно; мчаться; торопиться), and every one was happy and hopeful (и каждый был счастлив и полон надежд).

Then a great storm came up from the southeast (затем большой шторм пришел с юго-востока). I had seen many fierce storms (я видел много жутких штормов), but never one so terrible as this (но никогда столь ужасного, как этот).

We could do nothing (мы не могли сделать ничего) but let the ship drive before the wind (кроме как позволить кораблю идти по ветру: «перед ветром»). Day after day we were tossed by the waves (день за днем нас бросали волны: «мы были бросаемы волнами»); and day after day we expected the ship to go down (и день за днем ожидали, /что/ корабль потонет: «пойдет вниз»).

The storm grew fiercer and fiercer (шторм становился /все/ свирепее и свирепее; to grow — расти; становиться; fierce — жестокий, лютый, свирепый). The men gave themselves up for lost (люди /команда/ считали себе погибшими; to give smb. up for lost — считать кого-л. погибшим; lost — потерянный, пропавший; to lose — терять).

But on the twelfth day the wind went down (однако на двенадцатый день ветер стих). The waves were not so strong (волны не были такими сильными). We began to hope for our lives (мы начали надеяться на жизнь: «на наши жизни»).

Early the next morning a sailor cried out (рано следующим утром моряк выкрикнул), "Land (земля)! land!"

I ran out of the cabin to look (я выбежал из кабины посмотреть; to run — бежать). But at that very moment the ship struck upon a great bank of sand (но в тот же самый момент корабль наткнулся на большую песчаную отмель; very — самый; to strike — ударять; bank — вал, насыпь; банка, отмель) over which the fierce sea was rolling (над которой перекатывалось свирепое море; to roll — катиться).

She stopped short (корабль резко остановился сразу; short — короткий; резко, круто). She could not move (он не мог двинуться). The great waves dashed over her deck (большие волны заливали палубу: «перехлестывали через палубу»; to dash — /о массе жидкости/ разбиваться /обычно с силой и грохотом,/ хлестать; брызгать, плескать). All of us would have been washed overboard (все мы были бы смыты за борт) if we had not hurried back to the cabin (если бы не поспешили обратно в каюту).

"What shall we do (что на делать)?" cried the men (кричали люди = матросы).

"We can do nothing (мы ничего не можем сделать)," said the captain. "Our voyage is at an end (наше путешествие подошло к концу: «есть при конце»), and there is no longer any hope for our lives (и больше нет какой-либо = ни малейшей надежды нам остаться в живых). We can only wait for the ship to break in pieces (можем только ждать, пока корабль не разломится на куски)."

"Yes, there is one chance for our lives (да = и все же есть один шанс на спасение: «для наших жизней»)!" cried the mate (воскликнул помощник). "Follow me (следуйте за мной)!"

In the lull of the storm (во временном затишье шторма; lull — временное затишье; временное успокоение; перерыв) we rushed again to the deck (мы снова ринулись на палубу). One of our boats was still there (одна из наших лодок все еще была там).

We slung her over the ship's side (мы спустили через борт корабля; to sling — бросать, швырять; спускать на ремнях). We jumped aboard of her (мы прыгнули на борт = запрыгнули на нее). We cut her loose (мы отрезали канаты/освободили ее; to cut — резать; loose — свободный, непривязанный), and floated away upon the wild sea (и отплыли по дикому = бурному морю; to float — плыть /неуправляемо, удерживаться на плаву/).

No boat could live in such a sea as that (никакая лодка не могла выжить в таком море, как то). But we saw land ahead of us (мы видели землю впереди нас); and perhaps some of us might be cast alive upon the beach (и, возможно, некоторые из нас смогут быть выброшены живыми на берег; to cast — бросать, кидать, швырять; выбрасывать /о море, волнах/; beach — береговая полоса; пляж).

This was our only hope (это была единственная надежда).

The raging waves (неистовые волны; to rage — беситься, злиться; бушевать, свирепствовать /о буре, эпидемии, страстях и т. п./; rage — ярость, гнев, бешенство) carried us nearer and nearer to the shore (тащили нас ближе и ближе к побережью; to carry — везти; нести).

We could see the breakers (волны прибоя: «ломатели») dashing upon the great rocks (бьющие о большие скалы). The land looked more frightful than the sea (земля выглядела более устрашающей, чем море; fright — сильный внезапный испуг; страх).

Then all at once (затем, совершенно неожиданно; at once — сразу, немедленно), a huge wave overset the boat (огромная волна перевернула лодку). We had no time to speak or think (мы не имели времени поговорить или подумать). We were thrown out into the raging sea (были выброшены в неистовствующее море; to throw — бросать). We were swallowed up by the waves (мы были проглочены волнами).

dare [ˈdeǝ], several [ˈsevrǝl], fierce [ˈfɪǝs], before [bɪˈfɔ:], expect [ɪkˈspekt], grew [ɡru:], roll [ˈrǝul], move [mu:v], hurry [ˈhʌrɪ], cabin [ˈkæbɪn], break [ˈbreɪk], piece [pi:s], chance [tʃɑ:ns], follow [ˈfɔlǝu], lull [lʌl], rush [rʌʃ], boat [ˈbǝut], slung [ˈslʌŋ], cut [kʌt], loose [lu:s], float [ˈflǝut], upon [ǝˈpɔn], ahead [ǝˈhed], cast [kɑ:st], alive [ǝˈlaɪv], beach [bi:tʃ], rage [ˈreɪʤ]

I AM SHIPWRECKED

AT length all things were ready for the voyage, and I went on board the ship.

It was just eight years to the day since I had left my father and mother and my pleasant home in good old York.

I felt that I was doing a foolish thing; but I did not dare to say so.

The wind was fair. The sails were spread. Soon we were out to sea.

For several days the weather was fine. The ship sped swiftly on her way, and every one was happy and hopeful.

Then a great storm came up from the southeast. I had seen many a fierce storm, but never one so terrible as this.

We could do nothing but let the ship drive before the wind. Day after day we were tossed by the waves; and day after day we expected the ship to go down.

The storm grew fiercer and fiercer. The men gave themselves up as lost.

But on the twelfth day the wind went down. The waves were not so strong. We began to hope for our lives.

Early the next morning a sailor cried out, "Land! land!"

I ran out of the cabin to look. But at that very moment the ship struck upon a great bank of sand over which the fierce sea was rolling.

She stopped short. She could not move. The great waves dashed over her deck. All of us would have been washed overboard if we had not hurried back to the cabin.

"What shall we do?" cried the men.

"We can do nothing," said the captain. "Our voyage is at an end, and there is no longer any hope for our lives. We can only wait for the ship to break in pieces."

"Yes, there is one chance for our lives!" cried the mate. "Follow me!"

In the lull of the storm we rushed again to the deck. One of our boats was still there.

We slung her over the ship's side. We jumped aboard of her. We cut her loose, and floated away upon the wild sea.

No boat could live in such a sea as that. But we saw land ahead of us; and perhaps some of us might be cast alive upon the beach.

This was our only hope.

The raging waves carried us nearer and nearer to the shore.

We could see the breakers dashing upon the great rocks. The land looked more frightful than the sea.

Then all at once, a huge wave overset the boat. We had no time to speak or think. We were thrown out into the raging sea. We were swallowed up by the waves.

I AM CAST UPON A STRANGE SHORE

(я выброшен на незнакомый берег)

THE next thing I knew (следующая вещь, которую я узнал = следующее, что я понял) I was lying on the beach (/это то, что/ я лежал на пляже) and the breakers were rolling over me (а огромные волны перекатывались через меня).

Some wave, kinder than others (какая-то волна, более мягкая/тихая, чем другие; kind — добрый, любезный, сердечный; податливый; покладистый, послушный), must have carried me there (должно быть, отнесла меня туда).

I got upon my feet (я встал на ноги) and ran as fast as I could (и побежал так быстро, как мог).

I saw another wave coming after me (я увидел другую волну, идущую за мной = догоняющую меня). It was high as a hill (она была высокой, как холм).

I held my breath and waited (я задержал дыхание и ждал; to hold — держать). In a moment the wave was upon me (через мгновение волна была на мне). I could feel myself carried farther and farther (я мог чувствовать себя утащенным дальше и дальше = как меня тащило…) toward the dry land (по направлению к сухой земле).

The water covered me (вода накрыла меня). But I held my breath and tried to swim (я задержал дыхание и постарался плыть).

The wave became smaller and weaker (волна становилась /все/ меньше и слабее; to become — становиться) as it rolled farther and farther up the long beach (по мере того, как она катилась дальше вверх на длинную береговую полосу).

At last I could keep my head and shoulders above water (наконец я смог держать голову и плечи над водой). I could breathe again (я снова мог дышать).

I felt the ground under my feet (я почувствовал землю под ногами). I struck out with all my might for the dry land (я устремился со всей своей силой = изо всех сил к суше; to strike — ударять; to strike out — направляться, устремляться).

But now the water was rushing back from the shore (но теперь вода неслась/хлынула обратно от берега; to rush — бросаться, мчаться, нестись, устремляться). I feared lest I should be carried out to sea again (я боялся, как бы нt быть утащенным снова в море; lest — чтобы не, как бы не).

I swam (плыл; to swim), I ran (бежал; to run). I held on to the rocks (держался = цеплялся за камни; to hold). Then another great wave came and lifted me high upon the shore (затем другая огромная волна подняла = отнесла меня высоко на берег).

In another moment I was safe on dry land (в следующее: «в другое» мгновение я был в безопасности на суше).

I was worn out with the hard struggle (я был утомлен тяжелой борьбой; to wear — носить /об одежде, обуви/; to wear out — изнашивать; изнурять), I lay down upon the green grass (я лег на зеленую траву; to lie — лежать; to lie down — ложиться; прилечь). I looked up at the sky (я взглянул вверх на небо) and thanked God that I was alive and safe (и поблагодарил Бога за то, что был живым и в невредимым).

After I had rested a little while (после /того как/ я отдохнул немного) I arose and looked around me (я встал и огляделся вокруг; to arise — подниматься, вставать).

Far out from the shore I could see the ship (далеко от берега я мог видеть корабль). It was still lying where it had stuck in the sand (он все еще лежал там, где он застрял в песке; to stick — втыкать; застрять). The waves were dashing over it (волны захлестывали его: «перехлестывали через него»).

"How was it possible for me to swim so far (как было возможно мне проплыть так далеко)?" I asked myself (спросил я себя).

Then I began to think of the men that were with me (затем я стал думать о людях, которые были со мной). Had any of them been saved (был ли кто-нибудь из них спасен)?

I walked along the shore for a mile or more (я прошелся вдоль берега милю или больше). I looked in every spot for some signs of my friends (я заглядывал в каждый угол за какими-либо знаками = признаками/следами моих друзей; spot — пятнышко; место, участок местности).

In one place I found a hat (в одном месте я нашел шляпу; to find — находить); in another, a cap (в другом — шапку); And in still another, two shoes that were not mates (а еще в другом — два башмака, которые не были парой).

But of the men themselves I saw nothing (но от самих людей не видел ничего = но из самих людей я никого не видел). All were drowned in the deep sea (все утонули в глубоком море; to be drowned — утонуть: «быть утонувшим»).

fast [fɑ:st], after [ˈɑ:ftǝ], moment [ˈmǝumǝnt], farther [ˈfɑ:ðǝ], cover [ˈkʌvǝ], breath [breƟ], became [bɪˈkeɪm], shoulder [ˈʃǝuldǝ], above [ǝˈbʌv], breathe [bri:ð], ground [ˈɡraund], shore [ʃɔ:], arose [ǝˈrǝuz], possible [ˈpɔsǝbl], ask [ɑ:sk], sign [ˈsaɪn], friend [ˈfrend], shoe [ʃu:], drown [ˈdraun]

I AM CAST UPON A STRANGE SHORE

THE next thing I knew I was lying on the beach and the breakers were rolling over me. Some wave, kinder than others, must have carried me there. I got upon my feet and ran as fast as I could. I saw another wave coming after me. It was high as a hill.

I held my breath and waited. In a moment the wave was upon me. I could feel myself carried farther and farther toward the dry land.

The water covered me. But I held my breath and tried to swim.

The wave became smaller and weaker as it rolled farther and farther up the long beach.

At last I could keep my head and shoulders above water. I could breathe again.

I felt the ground under my feet. I struck out with all my might for the dry land.

But now the water was rushing back from the shore. I feared lest I should be carried out to sea again.

I swam, I ran. I held on to the rocks. Then another great wave came and lifted me high upon the shore.

In another moment I was safe on dry land.

I was worn out with the hard struggle, I lay down upon the green grass. I looked up at the sky and thanked God that I was alive and safe.

After I had rested a little while I arose and looked around me.

Far out from the shore I could see the ship. It was still lying where it had stuck in the sand. The waves were dashing over it.

"How was it possible for me to swim so far?" I asked myself.

Then I began to think of the men that were with me. Had any of them been saved?

I walked along the shore for a mile or more. I looked in every spot for some signs of my friends.

In one place I found a hat; in another, a cap; And in still another, two shoes that were not mates.

But of the men themselves I saw nothing. All were drowned in the deep sea.

I FIND A STRANGE LODGING PLACE

(я нахожу странное место обитания)

IT was now late in the afternoon (был уже поздний день; afternoon — время после полудня; послеобеденное время; in the afternoon — после полудня, днем; noon — полдень). The sun was shining in the bright sky (солнце светило в ярком небе; to shine — светить). The storm was at an end (шторм закончился).

I began to look around me (я начал смотреть вокруг = осматриваться), to see what kind of place I was in (чтобы увидеть, в какого рода месте я был). "Where shall I go (куда мне пойти)?" I asked myself (спросил я себя). "What shall I do (что мне делать)?"

My clothes were still wet (моя одежда была все еще мокрой). I could dry them only by sitting in the sun (я мог высушить ее, только сидя на солнце).

I had nothing to eat or drink (у меня не было ничего есть или пить).

I had nothing about me but a knife, a pipe, and a little tobacco (при собе у меня не было ничего, кроме ножа, трубки и немного табака).

How could I live on this strange shore without shelter and without food (как мог я жить на этом чужом берегу без укрытия/крова и еды; shelter — приют, кров; пристанище, прибежище)?

The thought of this made me almost wild (мысль об этом привела меня в ужас: «сделала меня почти диким»). I ran this way and that, like a madman (я бегал туда и сюда: «в этом направении и в том», как сумасшедший).

Then I sat down and cried like a child (затем я сел и заплакал, как ребенок).

I never felt so lonely (никогда я не чувствовал себя таким одиноким; to feel — чувствовать) as at that moment (как в это мгновение). I never felt so helpless and lost (никогда я не чувствовал себя таким беспомощным и потерянным).

Soon I saw that night was coming on (вскоре я увидел, что наступала/приближась ночь).

I thought: "What if there are wild beasts in the woods (я подумал: что если в лесу есть дикие чудовища)? They will come out in the darkness (они выйдут в темноте) and find me here (и найдут меня здесь). And then how can I save myself from them (и тогда как я смогу спастись от них)?"

A little way from the shore I saw a tree (недалеко от берега я увидел дерево). It stood all alone (оно стояло совсем одно), with no other trees near it (без каких-либо других деревьев около него).

It was thick and bushy (оно было толстое и ветвистое: «густое»; bush — куст), with long thorns on its branches (с длинными колючками на ветках).

I walked out to look at it (я пошел /туда/ посмотреть на него).

To my great joy (к моей большой радости) I found a spring of fresh water (я обнаружил источник пресной воды) bubbling out from among its roots (булькающий наружу между ее корней; to bubble — булькать).

I knelt down (встал на колени; to kneel — преклонять колени, становиться на колени /также to kneel down/) and took a long drink (и взял = сделал длинный глоток), for I was very thirsty (так как очень хотел пить; to be thirsty — хотеть пить: «быть жаждущим»; thirst — жажда). Then I climbed up into the tree (затем взобрался наверх в дерево = забрался на дерево; to climb — взбираться, влезать, восходить, карабкаться, подниматься).

The branches grew very close together (ветки росли очень близко вместе = очень тесно). I found a place where I could rest (я нашел место, где я мог отдохнуть), half sitting and half lying (полусидя-полулежа), with no danger of falling (без опасности падения = не опасаясь упасть).

With my pocket knife (своим карманным ножом) I cut a strong stick about two feet long (я отрезал прочную палку примерно два фута[1] длиной). This would be my weapon (это будет моим оружием) if any beast should find me in the night (если какое-либо чудовище найдет меня в ночи).

It was now quite dark (было уже: «теперь» довольно темно; quite — вполне, совершенно; довольно; почти, до некоторой степени). The only sound that I could hear (единственным звуком, который я мог слышать) was that of the waves breaking against the shore (был звук волн, разбивающихся о берег).

It seemed so good to be on dry land (казалось так хорошо быть на суше) that I forgot every danger (что забыл любую опасность). I was so tired (я был таким уставшим) that I soon fell asleep (что скоро заснул; to fаll asleep — заснуть: «упасть спящим»). Never have I slept more soundly (никогда я не спал более крепко; sound — здоровый, крепкий; /перен., о сне/ крепкий, глубокий).

around [ǝˈraund], without [wɪˈðǝut], thought [Ɵɔ:t], almost [ˈɔ:lmǝust], wild [ˈwaɪld], child [ˈtʃaɪld], [bi:st], stood [stu:d], alone [ǝˈlǝun], branch [brɑ:ntʃ], walk [wɔ:k], among [ǝˈmʌŋ], knelt [nelt], thirsty [ˈƟǝ:stɪ], climb [ˈklaɪm], danger [ˈdeɪnʤǝ], weapon [ˈwepǝn], quite [ˈkwaɪt], sound [ˈsaund]

I FIND A STRANGE LODGING PLACE

IT was now late in the afternoon. The sun was shining in the bright sky. The storm was at an end. I began to look around me, to see what kind of place I was in. "Where shall I go?" I asked myself. "What shall I do?"

My clothes were still wet. I could dry them only by sitting in the sun.

I had nothing to eat or drink.

I had nothing about me but a knife, a pipe, and a little tobacco.

How could I live on this strange shore without shelter and without food?

The thought of this made me almost wild. I ran this way and that, like a madman.

Then I sat down and cried like a child.

I never felt so lonely as at that moment. I never felt so helpless and lost.

Soon I saw that night was coming on.

I thought: "What if there are wild beasts in the woods? They will come out in the darkness and find me here. And then how can I save myself from them?"

A little way from the shore I saw a tree. It stood all alone, with no other trees near it.

It was thick and bushy, with long thorns on its branches.

I walked out to look at it.

To my great joy I found a spring of fresh water bubbling out from among its roots.

I knelt down and took a long drink, for I was very thirsty. Then I climbed up into the tree.

The branches grew very close together. I found a place where I could rest, half sitting and half lying, with no danger of falling.

With my pocket knife I cut a strong stick about two feet long. This would be my weapon if any beast should find me in the night.

It was now quite dark. The only sound that I could hear was that of the waves breaking against the shore.

It seemed so good to be on dry land that I forgot every danger. I was so tired that I soon fell asleep. Never have I slept more soundly.

I VISIT THE WRECK

(я посещаю разбитое судно)

WHEN I awoke (когда я проснулся; to awake — просыпаться) it was broad daylight (было совсем светло; broad — широкий; daylight — дневной свет; дневное время суток). The sun was up (солнце светило: «было наверху»). The sky was clear (небо было ясным). The air seemed soft and mild (воздух казался мягким и тихим; mild — безветренный, тихий, спокойный, ясный). A fine day was beginning (начинался прекрасный день).

It did not take me long (это не заняло у меня много времени) to come down from my lodging place (спуститься с моего места расположения; to lodge — располагаться).

I looked out toward the sea (я взглянул на море; toward — по направлению).

To my great wonder (к моему большому удивлению), I saw that the ship was now much closer to the shore (я увидел, что корабль был теперь намного ближе к берегу). The high tide had lifted her off the sand (высокий прилив приподнял его с песка). It had carried her toward the land (он отнес его к земле) and left her on a huge rock (и оставил на огромном рифе; rock — скала, утес; подводный камень, риф) less than a mile away (меньше чем в миле /о берега/).

I could see that the good ship stood upright (я мог видеть, что /мой/ добрый корабль стоял прямо/вертикально) and was firmly wedged into the rock (и был крепко насажен на риф; wedge — клин; to wedge — втискивать, загонять).

The waves had not broken her up (волны не сломали его), but her masts had been snapped off (но его мачты были отломаны; to snap off — отломать /резко/; to snap — щелкать, лязгать, хлопать; порвать, сломать), and all her rigging was gone (и все снасти исчезли).

The sea was quite smooth (море было довольно ровным; smooth — гладкий), and the tide was still going out (и все еще был отлив: «поток все еще выходил»). Soon the beach was bare (вскоре берег стал открыт: «обнажен»), and I could walk a long way out (и я смог пройти далеко /к морю/).

I was now within a quarter of a mile of the ship (я был теперь на расстоянии четверти мили от корабля; within — в, внутри; в пределах).

As I looked at her, a sad thought came to my mind (когда я посмотрел на нее, грустная мысль пришла мне на ум). For if we had all kept on board when she stuck in the sand (так как если бы мы остались на борту, когда он застрял в песке), we would now have been safe (мы бы сейчас были невредимы).

But there was no use (не было пользы = толку) in thinking of what might have been (обдумывать то, что могло бы быть).

I waded out (я пошел вброд; to wade — переходить вброд) as far as I could (настолько далеко, насколько смог), and then swam for the ship (а затем поплыл к кораблю; to swim — плыть).

As I came near her (когда я приблизился к нему), I saw that she was lying high out of the water (я увидел, что он лежал высоко из воды = возвышался над водой). The part of the rock that was uncovered (та часть рифа, которая была открыта: to cover — покрывать; to uncover —открывать) rose steep and straight into the air (поднималась круто и прямо в воздух). There was no place for me to set my feet (не было места, /куда/ поставить ноги).

I swam round the ship twice (я проплыл вокруг корабля дважды). How could I ever climb up her smooth sides (как я смогу когда-нибудь = как же мне взобраться по гладким сторонам/бокам)?

I was about to give up (я готов был сдаться), when I saw a small piece of rope (когда увидел небольшой кусок веревки) hanging down from the deck (свисающей с палубы). It reached almost to the water (он почти достигал = доставал до воды). How strange that I did not see it at first (как странно, что я не увидел его сначала)!

I seized hold of the rope (я ухватился: «схватил ухват» за веревку; to seize — хватать, схватывать; hold — схватывание, захват; сжатие; удержание), and climbed hand over hand to the deck (и проворно взобрался на палубу; hand over hand — быстро, проворно: «руку поверх руки»).

I went into the ship's cabin (я вошел в корабельную каюту). I looked all through the unlucky vessel (я осмотрел все несчастное судно; through — через; насквозь; от начала до конца).

awoke [ǝˈwǝuk], clear [ˈklɪǝ], air [ˈeǝ], mild [ˈmaɪld], toward [tǝˈwɔ:d], huge [hju:ʤ], upright [ˈʌpˈraɪt], bare [ˈbeǝ], quarter [ˈkwɔ:tǝ], use /сущ./ [ˈju:s], climb [ˈklaɪm], strange [ˈstreɪnʤ], seize [si:z], hold [ˈhǝuld]

I VISIT THE WRECK

WHEN I awoke it was broad daylight. The sun was up. The sky was clear. The air seemed soft and mild. A fine day was beginning. It did not take me long to come down from my lodging place.

I looked out toward the sea.

To my great wonder, I saw that the ship was now much closer to the shore. The high tide had lifted her off the sand. It had carried her toward the land and left her on a huge rock less than a mile away.

I could see that the good ship stood upright and was firmly wedged into the rock.

The waves had not broken her up, but her masts had been snapped off, and all her rigging was gone.

The sea was quite smooth, and the tide was still going out. Soon the beach was bare, and I could walk a long way out.

I was now within a quarter of a mile of the ship.

As I looked at her, a sad thought came to my mind. For if we had all kept on board when she stuck in the sand, we would now have been safe.

But there was no use in thinking of what might have been.

I waded out as far as I could, and then swam for the ship.

As I came near her, I saw that she was lying high out of the water. The part of the rock that was uncovered rose steep and straight into the air. There was no place for me to set my feet.

I swam round the ship twice. How could I ever climb up her smooth sides?

I was about to give up, when I saw a small piece of rope hanging down from the deck. It reached almost to the water. How strange that I did not see it at first!

I seized hold of the rope, and climbed hand over hand to the deck.

I went into the ship's cabin. I looked all through the unlucky vessel.

I MAKE ME A RAFT

(я делаю себе плот)

THERE was a great deal of water in the ship's hold (было много воды внутри корабля; deal — некоторое количество; great deal of — много; hold — то, что вмещает и удерживает; гнездо, паз; крепежная деталь; вместилище, хранилище; to hold — держать). But the cabin and the storerooms were dry (но каюта и кладовые были сухими; store — запас, резерв; to store — хранить, сохранять).

The boxes of food had not been touched by the water (короба с едой не были затронуты водой).

I was very hungry (я был очень голоден), but I had no time to lose (но не имел времени терять = не мог терять время). So I filled my pockets with dry biscuits (так что я наполнил карманы сухим печеньем) and ate them as I went about (и ел их, пока ходил /по кораблю/; about — кругом; повсюду; взад-вперед).

There were many things on the ship (на корабле было много вещей). They might be very useful to me (они могли бы быть полезными для меня) if I had them on shore (если бы я имел их на берегу). But there was no boat (но здесь не было лодки), and how could I carry them there (и как я мог отвезти их туда)?

"I will make a raft (я сделаю плот)." I said to myself (сказал я себе).

There were several long pieces of timber on the deck (на палубе было несколько длинных кусков дерева = бревен; timber — лесоматериалы; строевой лес; древесина; деревянный брус, бревно; балка). I tied a rope to each of these (я привязал веревку к каждому из них) so that it would not float away (чтобы оно /бревно/ не уплыло). Then I dropped them (затем я скинул их), one by one (одно за другим), over the ship's side (за борт корабля).

After this I slid down my rope into the water (после этого я спустил мою веревку в воду; to slide — скользить; совать), and tied these timbers together (и связал эти бревна). They formed a framework (они образовали каркас; frame, framework — скелет, костяк, каркас, остов) that was strong (который был прочным) and would not sink (и не потонул бы).

On top of this framework I laid all the boards I could find (поверх каркаса я положил все доски, которые смог найти; top — верхушка, вершина).

I now had a very good raft (теперь у меня был очень хороший плот). It was large enough (он был достаточно большой) to carry a great many things (чтобы везти/нести очень много вещей). All the time I was building it (все время, пока я строил его) I was planning how to load it (я планировал, как нагрузить его).

In the cabin there were three strong boxes (в каюте было три тяжелые ящика), such as sailors use (такие, какими пользуются моряки). These I emptied (эти я опустошил). Then I carried them out and let them down upon my raft (затем я вынес их и спустил вниз на плот).

Of all the things on board (из всех вещей на борту), I would need food the most (мне больше всего будет необходима еда). So I filled the first chest (поэтому я наполнил первый ящик; chest — ящик; коробка, сундук; вместилище) with bread, rice, cheese, and a few pieces of meat (хлебом, рисом, сыром и несколькими кусками мяса).

I found also a small bag of grain (я также нашел маленький мешок зерна), of which I took good care (который я бережно забрал: «о котором взял хорошую заботу = хорошо позаботился»). It was barley (это был ячмень).

Then I began to look around for clothing (затем я начал искать одежду), and found enough to do for many a day (и нашел достаточно, чтобы хватило на много дней).

While I was getting these together (пока я собирал эти /вещи/) I happened to see the carpenter's chest (мне посчастливилось увидеть плотницкий ящик). It was full of tools (он был полон инструментов).

It was hard work to get it on the raft (это была тяжелая работа — доставить его на плот). I lifted and pulled (я поднимал и тянул/тащил). I pulled and lifted; and at last I had it alongside of the other boxes (и наконец я имел его рядом с другими ящиками = мне удалось доставить его туда же, где были и другие ящики). How tired I was (каким уставшим я был = как же я устал)!

store [stɔ:], touch [tʌtʃ], hungry [ˈhʌŋɡrɪ], pocket [ˈpɔkɪt], dry [ˈdraɪ], biscuit [ˈbɪskɪt], ate [ˈeɪt, et], raft [rɑ:ft], together [tǝˈɡeðǝ], use /глаг./ [ˈju:z], bread [bred], meat [mi:t], barley [ˈbɑ:lɪ], clothing [ˈklǝuðɪŋ], carpenter [ˈkɑ:p(ǝ)ntǝ], pull [pul]

I MAKE ME A RAFT

THERE was a great deal of water in the ship's hold. But the cabin and the storerooms were dry. The boxes of food had not been touched by the water.

I was very hungry, but I had no time to lose. So I filled my pockets with dry biscuits and ate them as I went about.

There were many things on the ship. They might be very useful to me if I had them on shore. But there was no boat, and how could I carry them there?

"I will make a raft." I said to myself.

There were several long pieces of timber on the deck. I tied a rope to each of these so that it would not float away. Then I dropped them, one by one, over the ship's side.

After this I slid down my rope into the water, and tied these timbers together. They formed a framework that was strong and would not sink.

On top of this framework I laid all the boards I could find.

I now had a very good raft. It was large enough to carry a great many things. All the time I was building it I was planning how to load it.

In the cabin there were three strong boxes, such as sailors use. These I emptied. Then I carried them out and let them down upon my raft.

Of all the things on board, I would need food the most. So I filled the first chest with bread, rice, cheese, and a few pieces of meat.

I found also a small bag of grain, of which I took good care. It was barley.

Then I began to look around for clothing, and found enough to do for many a day.

While I was getting these together I happened to see the carpenter's chest. It was full of tools.

It was hard work to get it on the raft. I lifted and pulled. I pulled and lifted; and at last I had it alongside of the other boxes. How tired I was!

I CARRY SOME THINGS ASHORE

(я приношу некоторый вещи на берег)

IT was now past noon (было уже время после полудня), and the tide was coming in (и прилив приближался). I could not stop to rest (я не мог остановиться отдохнуть).

"I have food, I have clothing, I have tools (у меня есть еда, у мнея есть одежда, у меня есть инструменты)," I said to myself (сказал я себе). "What do I need next (что мне нужно следующим = теперь/еще)?"

Then I thought of the wild animals (затем я подумал о диких животных) and wild men (и диких людях) that I might meet on the shore (которых я мог встретить на берегу). "How shall I protect myself from them (как я буду защищать себя от них)?" I said.

In the captain's room I found two good guns (в комнате капитана я нашел два хороших ружья) with a bag of shot and a powderhorn (с сумкой дроби и пороха; bag — мешок; сумка). There were also two old swords (там были также две старые шпаги), very rusty and dull (очень ржавые и тупые), and a pair of big pistols (и пара больших пистолетов).

By looking around (осмотревшись), I found also three small kegs of powder (я обнаружил также три маленьких бочонка пороха; keg — бочонок /емкостью до 10 галлонов[2]/; a powder keg — пороховой бочонок). Two of these were dry (два из них были сухими), but the other was wet (но другой был мокрым) and good for nothing (и ни на что не годился: «и хороший для ничего»).

It took more than an hour to get all these safely placed on my raft (заняло больше часа уложить все это в сохранности на мой плот; safely — в сохранности; безопасно; благополучно). I now had quite a heavy load (у меня теперь была довольно тяжелая поклажа), and I began to wonder (и я начал задаваться вопросом; to wonder — удивляться; интересоваться; размышлять) how I should take it to the shore (как я должен доставить это на берег).

I had no oars nor any sail for my raft (у меня не было ни весел, ни паруса для моего плота). But the water was smooth (но вода была гладкой), the tide was flowing in (и был прилив: «поток приливал»), and a gentle wind was blowing toward the land (и тихий ветер дул по направлению к суше).

I loosed the rope (я ослабил веревку) that held the raft to the ship (которая держала плот к кораблю = которой плот был привязан к кораблю), and soon began my little voyage (и скоро начал мое маленькое путешествие).

The tide was now so high (прилив был сейчас столь высоким) that the dry land was much farther away (что суша была намного дальше) than when I came out (чем когда я отправился: «вышел» к кораблю). But the raft floated smoothly along (но плот плыл ровно; to go along — двигаться вперед), and drew nearer and nearer to the shore (и приближался ближе и ближе к берегу; to draw — тащить; тянуть; подходить, приближаться).

Just as I thought myself safe (как только я подумал, что я в безопасности), I found that I was entering a strong current (я обнаружил, что вхожу в сильное течение) which carried me into a narrow bay (которое относит меня в узкий залив) far from my first landing place (вдалеке от моего первого места «приземления» = прибытия /на берег/).

There the raft stuck fast (там плот застрял; to stick — торчать; застревать; fast — крепко) on an ugly sand bar (на ужасной песчаной отмели; ugly — безобразный, уродливый; мерзкий; скверный), and was like to be tipped over (и был готов быть перевернутым = перевернуться).

But the tide was still rising (но прилив все поднимался). Soon the raft floated free (вскоре плот поплыл свободно) and glided slowly along again with the current (и снова медленно скользил по течению: «с течением»).

In a short time I found that I was being carried up (через короткое время я обнаружил, что меня несло: «я был несом») into a little river with high banks on each side (в маленькую речку с высокими берегами на каждой стороне).

With a piece of plank for an oar (с куском доски = с доской вместо весла; plank — толстая и широкая гладко оструганная доска, планка) I pushed the raft toward the shore on my right (я толкнул плот к берегу справа). The water was now so shallow (вода была теперь столь мелкой) that I could reach the bottom (что я мог достать до дна).

The raft floated slowly onward (плот медленно плыл вперед) until it reached a little cove (пока не достиг маленькой бухточки) into which I pushed it (в которую я втолкнул его). The water there was quite still (вода была там вполне тихой/неподвижной).

I looked around for a place to land (я осмотрелся, ища место, чтобы пристать к берегу). But the banks were steep (но берега были отвесными), and if I ran one end of my raft upon the shore (и если бы я наехал одним концом моего плота на берег), the other end might sink so low as to slide all my goods into the water (другой конец мог опуститься/погрузиться так низко, что /мог/ сбросить/уронить все мои товары в воду; to slide — скользить; совать; зд. сбросить, дать соскользнуть).

The best I could do was to wait (самое лучшее, что я мог сделать, это ждать) till the tide was at its highest (пока прилив не достигнет максимальной высоты: «был при своем наивысшем»). Then I might push a little farther inland (тогда я мог толкнуть немного дальше от моря; inland — вглубь страны/суши) where the bank was somewhat lower (где берег был несколько ниже).

This I did (это я сделал = так я и сделал).

The tide rose higher and higher (прилив поднимался /все/ выше и выше). At last, to my joy (наконец, к моей радости), the water reached the top of the bank (вода достигла вершины берега). It covered a level spot of ground beyond (она покрыла ровную/плоскую полосу земли за этой вершиной; level — уровень; плоский, ровный; spot — пятнышко; крапинка; небольшой участок местности; beyond — за, по ту сторону).

I waited a little longer (я подождал немного дольше). The water on the level space was a foot deep (вода на ровном месте была в фут глубиной). The tide was beginning to flow out (поток стал отступать: «вытекать» = начался отлив).

With all my might I pushed the raft into this shallow place (со всей своей силой я толкнул плот на мелкое место). The tide ebbed fast (поток отступил быстро). Soon the raft was left high and dry on the land (вскоре плот был оставлен высоко и сухим на земле).

It was easy now to unload the goods (теперь было легко разгрузить товар/добро) and carry them to a safe place (и отнести его в безопасное место).

past [pɑ:st], food [fu:d], wild [ˈwaɪld], animal [ˈænɪm(ǝ)l], might [ˈmaɪt], protect [prǝˈtekt], gun [ɡʌn], powder [ˈpaudǝ], sword [sɔ:d], pair [ˈpeǝ], pistol [pɪstl], oar [ɔ:], smooth [smu:ð], gentle [ʤentl], current [ˈkʌr(ǝ)nt], reach [ri:tʃ], push [puʃ], cove [kǝuv], beyond [bɪˈjɔnd], level [ˈlev(ǝ)l], shallow [ˈʃælǝu]

I CARRY SOME THINGS ASHORE

IT was now past noon, and the tide was coming in. I could not stop to rest.

"I have food, I have clothing, I have tools," I said to myself. "What do I need next?"

Then I thought of the wild animals and wild men that I might meet on the shore. "How shall I protect myself from them?" I said.

In the captain's room I found two good guns with a bag of shot and a powderhorn. There were also two old swords, very rusty and dull, and a pair of big pistols.

By looking around, I found also three small kegs of powder. Two of these were dry, but the other was wet and good for nothing.

It took more than an hour to get all these safely placed on my raft. I now had quite a heavy load, and I began to wonder how I should take it to the shore.

I had no oars nor any sail for my raft. But the water was smooth, the tide was flowing in, and a gentle wind was blowing toward the land.

I loosed the rope that held the raft to the ship, and soon began my little voyage.

The tide was now so high that the dry land was much farther away than when I came out. But the raft floated smoothly along, and drew nearer and nearer to the shore.

Just as I thought myself safe, I found that I was entering a strong current which carried me into a narrow bay far from my first landing place.

There the raft stuck fast on an ugly sand bar, and was like to be tipped over.

But the tide was still rising. Soon the raft floated free and glided slowly along again with the current.

In a short time I found that I was being carried up into a little river with high banks on each side.

With a piece of plank for an oar I pushed the raft toward the shore on my right. The water was now so shallow that I could reach the bottom.

The raft floated slowly onward until it reached a little cove into which I pushed it. The water there was quite still.

I looked around for a place to land. But the banks were steep, and if I ran one end of my raft upon the shore, the other end might sink so low as to slide all my goods into the water.

The best I could do was to wait till the tide was at its highest. Then I might push a little farther inland where the bank was somewhat lower.

This I did.

The tide rose higher and higher. At last, to my joy, the water reached the top of the bank. It covered a level spot of ground beyond.

I waited a little longer. The water on the level space was a foot deep. The tide was beginning to flow out.

With all my might I pushed the raft into this shallow place. The tide ebbed fast. Soon the raft was left high and dry on the land.

It was easy now to unload the goods and carry them to a safe place.

I LEARN THAT I AM ON AN ISLAND

(я узнаю, что я на острове)

THE sun was still two hours high (солнце показывало еще только два часа). I was very tired after my day's work (я был очень усталым после дневной работы), but I could not rest (но не мог отдыхать). I wanted to know what sort of place I was in (я хотел знать, в какого рода месте я был). I wondered whether I was on an island or on a continent (я задавался вопросом, был ли я на острове или на материке).

About half a mile from the shore there was a large hill (примерно в половине мили от берега был большой холм). It was steep and high (он был крутой и высокий) and seemed to overlook all the country (и, казалось, обозревает всю местность = возвышается над всей местностью).

I thought that if I could get to the top of that hill (я подумал, что если бы я мог добраться до вершины того холма) I might see what kind of country I was in (я смог бы увидеть, в какой местности я был: «в какого рода местности…»).

So I put one of the pistols in my belt (поэтому я сунул один из пистолетов за ремень), and one of the guns on my shoulder (а одно из ружей /положил/ на плечо; to put — помещать, класть). I also hung the powder-horn (я также повесил пороховницу, сделанную из рога; powder — порошок; порох; horn — рог) on my neck (на шею) and put a handful of small shot in my pocket (и положил горсть маленькой дроби в карман).

Thus armed (так вооруженный), I set out for the big hill (я отправился к большому холму).

There were but a few shrubs or trees in my way (на моем пути было только несколько кустов или деревьев), and the walking was easy (и ходьба была легкой = и путь был нетрудным). In less than a quarter of an hour I was at my journey's end (менее чем через четверть часа я закончил поход: «я был при конце моего путешествия»).

The sides of the hill were not rough (склоны холма были не неровными = довольно гладкими; rough — грубый; жесткий; неровный), but they were quite steep (но они были довольно крутыми).

Soon I was at the very top (вскоре я был на самой вершине). What a grand lookout it was (какое потрясающее зрелище: «обзор, панорама» это было)!

North, south, east, west (север, юг, восток, запад), the land and the sea were spread out before me (земля и море были распростерты передо мной).

The sea did I say (я сказал «море»)?

Yes, I was on an island, and the sea was all around (да, я был на острове, и море было везде вокруг = со всех сторон).

No other land was in sight (не было другой земли/суши в пределах видимости) except two small islands and some great rocks (за исключением двух маленьких островов и нескольких больших скал/рифов) that lifted themselves out of the water (которые поднимались: «поднимали себя» из воды).

I saw that my island was not very large (я увидел, что мой остров был не очень большим). Perhaps it was ten miles broad (возможно, он был десять миль шириной); perhaps it was twenty (возможно, это было двадцать /миль/). I had no good idea of distances (я не имел четкого представления о расстояниях).

There was no house nor sign of life anywhere (не было ни дома, ни признака жизни нигде; sign — знак, признак). There might be wild beasts in the woods (должно быть, в лесу были дикие звери: «могли быть дикие звери в лесу»); but I was sure that no men lived there (но я был уверен, что никакие люди там не жили).

The thought of being alone (мысль о том, что я был один: «мысль бытия одним») on a desert island (на пустынном острове) made me feel very sad (заставила меня почувствовать себя очень грустно).

I should have been glad at that moment (я должен был бы быть рад = должно быть, был бы рад в то мгновение) to see even the face of a savage (увидеть даже лицо дикаря).

But I dared not stay long on the hilltop (но я не решился оставаться долго на вершине холма). I hurried to get back to my raft (я поспешил добраться обратно до плота) before the sun should go down (пока не зашло солнце).

At the foot of the hill I saw a great bird sitting in a tree (у подножия холма я увидел большую птицу, сидящую на дереве). I thought it to be some kind of a hawk (я подумал, что это какой-то вид ястреба) and shot it (и подстрелил ее; to shoot — стрелять).

The sound of the gun echoed strangely among the rocks and trees (звук отдался cтранным эхом среди скал и деревьев). Never before had such a sound been heard there (никогда раньше такой звук не слышался: «не был слышим» там).

I picked up the bird (я подобрал птицу).

It was no hawk (это был не ястреб). It had no sharp claws nor hooked beak (у нее не было ни острых когтей, ни клюва крючком). Its flesh was unfit to eat (ее мясо было непригодным для еды; flesh — плоть; мясо), and I threw it away (и выбросил ее; to throw — бросать; to throw away — выбрасывать; away — прочь).

The sun had set and it was almost dark (солнце зашло, и было почти темно) when I got back to the inlet (когда я добрался обратно до бухты; inlet — узкий морской залив; фиорд, небольшая бухта) where my raft was lying (где лежал мой плот). I did not know where to go for the night (я не знал, куда пойти на ночь), nor where to find a resting place (ни где найти место для отдыха/привала; to rest — отдыхать; покоиться).

But the day being gone (но, так как день прошел), there was no time for thinking (не было времени на раздумья).

I made a kind of hut (я сделал = соорудил подобие лачуги; kind — сорт, разновидность; разряд; вид, класс, род) with the chests (из ящиков) and the loose boards from the raft (и отдельных/разрозненных досок с плота; loose — свободный; непривязанный, неприкрепленный). Then I crept inside (влез внутрь; to creep — ползти; пробираться) and lay down to rest (и лег отдохнуть; to lie — лежать; to lie down — ложиться; to rest — отдыхать; покоиться).

For a little while (в течение небольшого времени; while — промежуток времени) I listened to every sound (я прислушивался к каждому звуку). At length I fell asleep (наконец я заснул; to fall asleep — засыпать) and knew nothing more until broad daylight the next morning (и не узнал ничего больше до яркого дневного света следующим утром = забылся сном и проснулся, когда было уже совсем светло).

hour [ˈauǝ], island [ˈaɪlǝnd], continent [ˈkɔntɪnǝnt], half [hɑ:f], overlook [ˌǝuvǝˈluk], country [ˈkʌntrɪ], thus [ðʌs], journey [ˈʤǝ:nɪ], rough [rʌf], spread [spred], distance [ˈdɪstǝns], sign [ˈsaɪn], live [lɪv], hawk [hɔ:k], heard [hǝ:d], hook [huk], beak [bi:k], threw [Ɵru:], listen [ˈlɪs(ǝ)n], asleep [ǝˈsli:p]

I LEARN THAT I AM ON AN ISLAND

THE sun was still two hours high. I was very tired after my day's work, but I could not rest. I wanted to know what sort of place I was in. I wondered whether I was on an island or on a continent.

About half a mile from the shore there was a large hill. It was steep and high and seemed to overlook all the country.

I thought that if I could get to the top of that hill I might see what kind of country I was in.

So I put one of the pistols in my belt, and one of the guns on my shoulder. I also hung the powder-horn from my neck and put a handful of small shot in my pocket.

Thus armed, I set out for the big hill.

There were but a few shrubs or trees in my way, and the walking was easy. In less than a quarter of an hour I was at my journey's end.

The sides of the hill were not rough, but they were quite steep.

Soon I was at the very top. What a grand lookout it was!

North, south, east, west, the land and the sea were spread out before me.

The sea did I say?

Yes, I was on an island, and the sea was all around.

No other land was in sight except two small islands and some great rocks that lifted themselves out of the water.

I saw that my island was not very large. Perhaps it was ten miles broad; perhaps it was twenty. I had no good idea of distances.

There was no house nor sign of life anywhere. There might be wild beasts in the woods; but I was sure that no men lived there.

The thought of being alone on a desert island made me feel very sad.

I should have been glad at that moment to see even the face of a savage.

But I dared not stay long on the hilltop. I hurried to get back to my raft before the sun should go down.

At the foot of the hill I saw a great bird sitting in a tree. I thought it to be some kind of a hawk and shot it.

The sound of the gun echoed strangely among the rocks and trees. Never before had such a sound been heard there.

I picked up the bird.

It was no hawk. It had no sharp claws nor hooked beak. Its flesh was unfit to eat, and I threw it away.

The sun had set and it was almost dark when I got back to the inlet where my raft was lying. I did not know where to go for the night, nor where to find a resting place.

But the day being gone, there was no time for thinking.

I made a kind of hut with the chests and the loose boards from the raft. Then I crept inside and lay down to rest.

For a little while I listened to every sound. At length I fell asleep and knew nothing more until broad daylight the next morning.

I HAVE A STRANGE VISITOR

(я принимаю странного посетителя)

THE next morning, when the tide was at its lowest (на следующее утро, когда вода была на самом низком уровне: «при своем самом низком»; tide — прилив и отлив; поток) I swam out to the ship again (я вновь поплыл к кораблю).

There were still many things on board (на борту было много вещей) of it that might be useful to me in my island home (которые могли бы быть полезны мне в моем островном доме; use — польза). I wished to save all that I could (я желал хотел сохранить все, что мог).

I climbed up the ship's side (я взобрался по боку корабля вверх) just as I had done the day before (точно так же, как я сделал днем ранее).

Before looking for anything (прежде чем искать что-либо) I made another raft (я соорудил другой плот), just like the first one (точно такой же, как первый), but smaller (но меньше). It was not so easy to make (это было не столь легко сделать), for I had used up all the best planks (так как я уже использовал все лучшие доски). It was neither so large nor so strong as the first raft (он не был ни таким большим, ни таким крепким, как первый).

In the carpenter's shop (в комнате плотника; shop — лавка, магазин; цех; мастерская) I found three bags of nails and a grindstone (я обнаружил три ящика гвоздей и точильный камень; to grind — молоть, перемалывать; растирать /в порошок/; толочь; grindstone — точильный камень; жернов). I found also a box full of little hatchets (я нашел также коробку, полную маленьких топориков) and a small barrel of musket balls (и маленький бочонок мушкетных пуль).

In the captain's room I found six or seven guns (в комнате капитана я обнаружил шесть или семь ружей), which I had overlooked before (которые я проглядел /не увидел/ ранее), and another keg of powder (и еще один бочонок пороха; another — еще один /такой же/; другой).

All these things I loaded with much care upon my raft (все эти вещи я погрузил с большой заботой на мой плот).

Then I gathered up as many clothes as I could find (затем я собрал так много одежды, как мог найти); also a spare sail (а также запасной парус), a hammock (гамак), and some bedding (и некоторые постельные принадлежности).

The raft was now quite full (плот был теперь довольно полным). The things were not heavy (вещи были не тяжелыми), but they made a large pile (но они составляли большую груду = из них вышла большая груда).

When the tide turned for the shore (когда поток повернулся к берегу = когда начался прилив; tide — прилив и отлив), I cut loose (я отрезал /бечеву/) and was soon floating homeward (и вскоре плыл: «был плывущим» к дому; homeward — /по направлению/ к дому).

I had found a good oar in the ship (на корабле я нашел хорошее весло). This I used as a paddle (я использовал его как «байдарочное» весло; paddle — плавник; байдарочное весло), and I had no trouble in guiding the raft (и не имел трудности в направлении = без труда направил плот; to guide — вести, направлять) to the right landing place (к правильному месту высадки).

I looked to see if the goods were safe which I brought over the day before (я посмотрел, были ли вещи сохранными, которые я принес днем ранее).

There, on one of my chests (там, на одном из моих ящиков), I saw a strange animal sitting (я увидел странное животное сидящее = сидело странное животное). She looked like a wild cat (оно выглядело, как дикая кошка).

As I went toward her (когда я пошел к ней), she jumped down (она прыгнула вниз) and ran a little way (и немного отбежала: «пробежала маленький путь»; to run — бежать). Then she stood still (затем она остановилась; to stand — стоять; to stand still — стоять на месте; still — неподвижный).

I followed (я последовал /за ней/). She stood very firm (она стояла очень неподвижно) and looked in my face (и смотрела мне в лицо: «в мое лицо»). She looked as though she had a mind to get acquainted (она смотрела так, как если бы имела намерение познакомиться; to get acquainted — знакомиться: «становиться знакомым»).

I pointed my gun at her (я нацелил на нее мое ружье), and shouted (и крикнул). But she did not care for that (но она не обеспокоилась/не обратила внимания).

I had a bit of biscuit in my pocket (в моем кармане был кусок печенья). This I now tossed toward her (я бросил его ей: «в направлении ее»). "Take this and begone (бери это и уходи)," I shouted.

It rolled quite close to her nose (оно подкатилось довольно близко к ее носу). She smell of it and ate it (она понюхала его и съела; to eat — есть). Then she looked up for more (затем она подняла взгляд, ожидая еще /куска/: «взглянула вверх для большего»).

"Thank you, I have no more to give you (спасибо, я не имею = у меня нет больше дать тебе)," I said.

Whether she understood me (поняла ли она меня; to understand — понимать), I do not know (я не знаю). But, with that (но на этом: «с этим»), she turned and marched away (она повернулась и удалилась; to маршировать; идти, вышагивать /демонстративно, обиженно, нервно, решительно и т. п./; away — прочь).

I now set to work (и вот я приступил к работе) to get my second cargo on shore (чтобы доставить мой второй груз на берег). It was no easy task (это было нелегкой задачей), and I had to make many trips to and from the raft (и мне пришлось проделать много путешествий к плоту и от плота).

When everything was safely landed (когда все было успешно сгружено /на землю/; safely — в сохранности; безопасно; благополучно), I made me a little tent with the sail and some poles that I cut (я сделал навес из паруса и нескольких колышков, которые я срезал; to cut — резать).

Then I put everything into the tent that needed to be kept dry (но я положил все под навес, что требовало быть хранимым = что нужно было хранить в сухости). The empty boxes, I piled outside (пустые коробки я сложил снаружи; pile — куча, груда; to pile — складывать, сваливать в кучу). They made a kind of wall around the tent (они образовали нечто вроде стены вокруг навеса), like the wall of a fort (подобную стене крепости).

"This will keep the wild beasts out (это удержит диких зверей снаружи = это предохранит от диких зверей)," I said.

By this time the day was nearly done (к этому времени день почти закончился). I spread one of the beds on the ground (я расстелил одну из постелей на земле). I laid two loaded pistols near its head (я положил два заряженных пистолета около ее изголовья), and one of the guns by one side of it (и одно из ружей возле нее/сбоку от нее). Then I crept in (затем я заполз/залез внутрь; to creep — ползать; пробираться) and was soon fast asleep (и скоро крепко заснул: «и был вскоре крепко спящим»).

useful [ˈju:sful], another [ǝˈnʌðǝ], grind [ˈɡraɪnd], barrel [ˈbær(ǝ)l], musket [ˈmʌskɪt], ball [bɔ:l], gather [ˈɡæðǝ], clothes [ˈklǝuðz], hammock [ˈhæmǝk], homeward [ˈhǝumwǝd], brought [brɔ:t], mind [ˈmaɪnd], acquainted [ǝˈkweɪntɪd], second [ˈsek(ǝ)nd], cargo [ˈkɑ:ɡǝu], task [tɑ:sk], put [put], wall [wɔ:l]

I HAVE A STRANGE VISITOR

THE next morning, when the tide was at its lowest I swam out to the ship again.

There were still many things on board of it that might be useful to me in my island home. I wished to save all that I could.

I climbed up the ship's side just as I had done the day before.

Before looking for anything I made another raft, just like the first one, but smaller. It was not so easy to make, for I had used up all the best planks. It was neither so large nor so strong as the first raft.

In the carpenter's shop I found three bags of nails and a grindstone. I found also a box full of little hatchets and a small barrel of musket balls.

In the captain's room I found six or seven guns, which I had overlooked before, and another keg of powder.

All these things I loaded with much care upon my raft.

Then I gathered up as many clothes as I could find; also a spare sail, a hammock, and some bedding.

The raft was now quite full. The things were not heavy, but they made a large pile.

When the tide turned for the shore, I cut loose and was soon floating homeward.

I had found a good oar in the ship. This I used as a paddle, and I had no trouble in guiding the raft to the right landing place.

I looked to see if the goods were safe which I brought over the day before.

There, on one of my chests, I saw a strange animal sitting. She looked like a wild cat.

As I went toward her, she jumped down and ran a little way. Then she stood still.

I followed. She stood very firm and looked in my face. She looked as though she had a mind to get acquainted.

I pointed my gun at her, and shouted. But she did not care for that.

I had a bit of biscuit in my pocket. This I now tossed toward her. "Take this and begone," I shouted.

It rolled quite close to her nose. She smell of it and ate it. Then she looked up for more.

"Thank you, I have no more to give you," I said.

Whether she understood me, I do not know. But, with that, she turned and marched away.

I now set to work to get my second cargo on shore. It was no easy task, and I had to make many trips to and from the raft.

When everything was safely landed, I made me a little tent with the sail and some poles that I cut.

Then I put everything into the tent that needed to be kept dry. The empty boxes, I piled outside. They made a kind of wall around the tent, like the wall of a fort.

"This will keep the wild beasts out," I said.

By this time the day was nearly done. I spread one of the beds on the ground. I laid two loaded pistols near its head, and one of the guns by one side of it. Then I crept in and was soon fast asleep.

I FIND A GREAT STORE OF THINGS

(я нахожу большой склад вещей)

THE next day I went to the ship again (на следующий день я вновь пошел к кораблю). This I kept up for more than a week (это я продолжал делать более недели: «больше, чем неделю»; to keep up — поддерживать; соблюдать, придерживаться).

Every day I brought a load of things to the shore (каждый день я привозил груз вещей на берег; to bring — приносить; привозить).

At last there was nothing left (в конце концов не было ничего оставшегося: «не было ничего оставлено»; to leave — оставлять) that one pair of hands could lift (что могла поднять пара рук). But I do believe that if the fine days had held out (я действительно верю, что, если бы хорошие дни сохранились), I would have brought away the whole ship (я бы вынес весь корабль).

You ask how I would have done that (вы спрашиваете, как я бы сделал это)? I would have cut it into pieces and brought one piece at a time (я бы разрезал его на части и приносил бы одну часть за раз).

The last thing that I found was a secret drawer in the cabin (последней вещью, которую я обнаружил, был секретный /выдвижной/ ящик в каюте; drawer — /выдвижной/ ящик /стола, комода/; to draw — тащить, тянуть). In that drawer there was some money (в ящике было какое-то количество денег).

A part of this money was in gold pieces (часть этих денег была в золотых слитках)—"pieces of eight," we called them (мы называли их песо: «кусками /из/ восьми»; piece of eight — старинное испанское песо, равнявшееся восьми реалам). The rest was in silver (остальная часть была серебром; rest — остаток, остальная часть).

I smiled to myself (я улыбнулся себе = про себя/в мыслях) when I saw this money (когда увидел эти деньги).

"O useless stuff (бесполезная вещь; stuff — материя, материал; дрянь, хлам)!" I cried (воскликнул я). '"What are you good for now (что пользы от вас сейчас)? You are not worth picking up (вы не стоите того, чтобы подобрать вас). This little old knife (старый ножик) is worth much more (стоит много большего/обладает гораздо большей ценностью; worth — стоящий). I have no manner of use for you (я не знаю, как вас использовать: «не имею способа использования вас»; manner — способ, метод; образ действий; манера). Lie there, where you are (лежите там, где вы есть), and go to the bottom (и идите на дно)."

I was about to leave the cabin (я собирался уже покинуть кабину; to be about /+ инфинитив/ — быть готовым что-л. сделать) when I looked around again (когда я вновь ооглянулся). The bright pieces were so pretty (яркие слитки были столь красивы) that I could not bear to leave them (что я не мог вынести оставить их = просто не смог их оставить).

So I put them all in a strong bag (так что я поместил их в крепкую сумку) and tied it around my waist like a belt (и завязал ее вокруг талии, как ремень).

"It will not do (не пойдет = не годится) to throw good money away (выбрасывать добрые деньги)," I said.

When I went up on deck (когда я поднялся на палубу) the wind was blowing hard (ветер дул сильно). Dark clouds were beginning to cover the sky (темные облака начинали покрывать небо). The waves were rolling high (волны поднимались: «катились» высоко). A storm was coming (надвигалась буря).

I saw that it was time for me to hurry back to the shore (я увидел = понял, что было самое время для меня поспешить обратно к берегу).

I let myself down into the water (я спустился в воду: «пустил себя вниз в воду») and began to swim (и начал плыть = поплыл). The sea was rough (море было неспокойно/волновалось; rough — грубый; неровный; бурный /о море/). The money was heavy (деньги были тяжелыми).

I hastened home to my little tent (я поспешил домой к моему маленькому навесу). The storm had already begun (шторм уже начался).

last [lɑ:st], secret [ˈsi:krɪt], drawer [ˈdrɔ:ǝ], lie [ˈlaɪ], waist [ˈweɪst], cloud [ˈklaud], hasten [ˈheɪs(ǝ)n], already [ɔ:lˈredɪ]

I FIND A GREAT STORE OF THINGS

THE next day I went to the ship again. This I kept up for more than a week.

Every day I brought a load of things to the shore.

At last there was nothing left that one pair of hands could lift. But I do believe that if the fine days had held out, I would have brought away the whole ship.

You ask how I would have done that? I would have cut it into pieces and brought one piece at a time.

The last thing that I found was a secret drawer in the cabin. In that drawer there was some money.

A part of this money was in gold pieces—"pieces of eight," we called them. The rest was in silver.

I smiled to myself when I saw this money.

"O useless stuff!" I cried. '"What are you good for now? You are not worth picking up. This little old knife is worth much more. I have no manner of use for you. Lie there, where you are, and go to the bottom."

I was about to leave the cabin when I looked around again. The bright pieces were so pretty that I could not bear to leave them.

So I put them all in a strong bag and tied it around my waist like a belt.

"It will not do to throw good money away," I said.

When I went up on deck the wind was blowing hard. Dark clouds were beginning to cover the sky. The waves were rolling high. A storm was coming.

I saw that it was time for me to hurry back to the shore.

I let myself down into the water and began to swim. The sea was rough. The money was heavy.

I hastened home to my little tent. The storm had already begun.

I BUILD ME A CASTLE

(я строю себе замок)

I LAY down on my bed (я лег в постель), with my money and other precious things close at hand (с деньгами и другими ценными вещами близко к руке = /положив/ возле себя).

All night long (всю ночь/ на протяжении всей ночи) the wind blew and the rain poured (дул ветер и лил дождь; to blow — дуть; to pour — лить/ся/).

Early in the morning I arose (рано утром я встал; to arise — подниматься) and looked out toward the sea (и взглянул на море: «по направлению к морю»).

The waves were rolling very high (волны поднимались: «катились» очень высоко).

The ship was gone (корабль исчез: «был ушедшим/пропашим»). The sea had swallowed it up (море проглотило его; to swallow — глотать; to swallow up — проглатывать).

As I could make no more visits to the ship (так как я не мог больше наведываться: «делать визиты/посещения» на корабль), I now began to think of other things (я теперь начал думать = задумался о других вещах).

I was still afraid lest there were savage beasts on the island (я все еще боялся, были ли дикие животные на острове = а вдруг на острове дикие звери; lest — чтобы не, как бы не; что /после глаголов и фраз, обозначающих опасение: вводит дополнение, выражаюшее событие, которого опасаются/).

Savage men (дикие люди), too, might come that way (тоже могли объявиться).

If any of these should find me (если бы кто-то из них нашел меня), how could I protect myself from them (как я смогу защититься от них)?

I must have a stronger house (мне нужен: «я должен иметь» более крепкий дом) to live in (в котором жить: «чтобы жить в /нем/»). I must build me a little fort or castle (мне нужно построить себе небольшую крепость или замок).

The place I was in was flat and wet (место, в котором я был, было ровным и сырым). My tent was on open ground (мой навес был на открытой земле) and could be plainly seen from a distance (и мог быть легко увиден с расстояния; plainly — ясно, различимо, отчетливо). There was no fresh water near it (рядом не было пресной воды).

I must find a better place than this for my castle (мне нужно найти лучшее место: «лучшее место, чем это» для замка).

A little way from the shore there was a rocky hill (недалеко от берега был скалистый холм). I went to look at it (я пошел посмотреть на него).

Halfway up the hill (на полпути вверх по холму) there was a large level place (было большое ровное/плоское место = уступ), with a great rock rising behind it like the side of a house (с большим камнем, вырастающим позади него, как стена: «сторона/бок» дома).

I climbed up to the level place (я взобрался до ровного места). There was but one way to go (был только один путь), and that was by a steep and winding path (а именно: «и это был» по крутой и вьющейся дорожке).

I found the place much larger than I thought (я нашел это место намного большим, чем думал). It was more than a hundred yards long (оно было более ста ярдов[3] длиной) and almost half as broad (и почти половину этого шириной).

It was, indeed (это было, на самом деле), a green field (зеленое поле), or plain (или равнина), with steep cliff rising up behind it (с крутой скалой, поднимающейся за ней). You must think of it as a great shelf (вы должнв подумать об этом = представить себе это как большую полку) half way up the side of the hill (на полпути до вершины холма).

"Here," I said to myself, "is the place for my castle (здесь, — сказал я себе, — место для замка = вот место для замка)."

It was no easy thing to carry all my goods (было нелегким делом перенести все мои вещи/все мое добро) up the steep path (вверх по крутой тропинке) to this level plain (до уступа: «до ровной поверхности»). I worked hard for many days (я трудился упорно много дней); but, then, there was nothing else to do (но, тогда = с другой стороны, ничего другого не было делать = не было чем заняться), and I must keep busy (а мне нужно было какое-либо занятие: «оставаться занятым»; to keep — держать, не отдавать; продолжать делать; busy — деятельный; занятой).

At one place on the side of the great rock there was a break (в одном месте в боку большой скалы был пролом), or opening (или отверстие), like the door to a cave (как дверь в пещеру). But there was no cave there (но пещеры там не было).

Just in front of this break (как раз перед этим проломом) I began to build my castle (я начал строить мой замок). First, I drew a half circle upon the ground (сначала я нарисовал полукруг на земле), with the opening at the center (с углублением: «отверстием» в центре). The space which it inclosed (расстояние, которое он /полукруг/ ограничивал = охватывал; across — поперек; в ширину; от края до края) was about thirty feet across (было около тридцати футов в диаметре).

In this half circle I set up two rows of strong stakes (в этом полукруге я установил два ряда крепких столбов/колов), driving them deep into the ground (вогнав их глубоко в землю; to drive — гнать; to drive home — загонять, вколачивать, вбивать).

The rows were not more than six inches apart (ряды были /удалены/ не больше, чем на шесть дюймов[4] друг от друга). The stakes were about two inches apart (столбы были удалены друг от друга примерно на два дюйма; stake — столб, кол; стойка) and as high as my head (и были такими высокими, как моя голова = были на уровне головы).

Then between and around these stakes I laid the great ropes (затем между и вокруг этих столбов я уложил большие веревки; to lay — класть) that I had brought from the ship (которые я привез/принес с корабля; to bring — приносить; привозить). Among these I twined (между ними я скрутил/перевил) the slender branches of trees (тонкие ветки деревьев) and long grapevines (и длинные ветки виноградной лозы) that I found in the woods (которые нашел в лесу).

When all was finished (когда все было окончено) I had a wall nearly six feet high (я имел = у меня были стены почти в шесть футов высотой). It was so strong that nothing could break through it (стена была такой крепкой, что ничто не могло прорваться сквозь нее).

I made no door in the wall (я не сделал двери в стене). The only way in which to get into the yard (единственный способ попасть внутрь двора) behind it (за стеной) was by going over the top (был пройти через верх). This was done by climbing a short ladder (это делалось посредством залезания по короткой лестнице; to climb — взбираться, влезать, восходить, карабкаться, подниматься) which I could lift up after me, and then let down again (которую я мог поднять за собой, а потом спустить вниз опять).

How safe I felt now (в какой безопасности я чувствовал себя сейчас; safe — невредимый, неповрежденный; защищенный от опасности; находящийся в безопасности), as I stood inside of my castle wall (когда я стоял = стоя внутри стены моего замка = за стеной замка)!

Over this wall I next carried all my riches (через эту стену я затем перенес все мои богатства), food, my tools, my boxes of clothing (еду, инструменты, мои коробки с одеждой). Then, right against the great rock (затем, прямо у большой скалы; against — прямо напротив, лицом к, перед чем-л.; /опираясь на, в контакте с/ о, к), I made me a large tent to shelter me from the rain (я сделал себе большой навес, чтобы укрывать себя от дождя).

Into this tent I brought everything that would be spoiled by getting wet (под этот навес/в эту палатку я перенес все, что было бы испорчено, если бы намокло: «намоканием»). In the middle of it (в середине навеса) I swung the hammock (я подвесил гамак; to swing — качать/ся/, колебать/ся/; вешать, подвешивать) that I had brought from the ship (который я перевез с корабля). For you must remember that I was a sailor (так как вы должны помнить, что я был моряком), and I could sleep better in a hammock than on a bed (и мог спать лучше в гамаке, чем на кровати).

The hollow place in the rock (полость: «полое место» в скале) was just as I hoped (была точно такой, как я надеялся). It was, indeed, a large cleft or crack (это было, на самом деле, большой расселиной или трещиной), filled only with earth and small stones (заполненной только землей и маленькими камнями).

With such tools as I had (такими инструментами, какие у меня были) I began to dig the earth and stones away (я начал выкапывать землю и камни). I carried them out through my tent (я вынес их через мой навес) and piled them up along the inside of my wall (и уложил их вдоль внутренней стороны стены; to pile — складывать, сваливать в кучу).

In a few days I had made quite a cave (за несколько дней я соорудил вполне = устроил неплохой подвал; cave — пещера; полость, котловина; погреб, подвал, яма /для хранения чего-либо/) which would serve very well as a cellar to my castle (которая могла очень хорошо служить как погреб/хранилище = погребом для моего замка; cellar — подвал; погреб; подвальный этаж).

I called the cave my kitchen (я назвал пещеру/подвал моей кухней); but when I began my cooking (но когда я начал готовить: «мою готовку») I found it best to do most of that work outside (я нашел, что лучше делать большую часть этого /готовки/ снаружи).

In bad weather (в плохую погоду), however (однако), the kitchen was an excellent place to live in (кухня была превосходным местом для жизни: «чтобы жить в нем»).

build [bɪld], [kɑ:sl], precious [ˈpreʃǝs], pour [pɔ:], afraid [ǝˈfreɪd], path [pɑ:Ɵ], almost [ˈɔ:lmǝust], space [ˈspeɪs], inclose [ɪnˈklǝuz], circle [sǝ:kl], row [ˈrǝu], grapevine [ˈɡreɪpvaɪn], finish [ˈfɪnɪʃ], nothing [ˈ], could [kud], break [ˈbreɪk], through [Ɵru:], remember [rɪˈmembǝ], earth [ǝ:Ɵ], away [ǝˈweɪ], kitchen [ˈkɪtʃɪn], outside [ˌautˈsaɪd], excellent [ˈeks(ǝ)l(ǝ)nt]

I BUILD ME A CASTLE

I LAY down on my bed, with my money and other precious things close at hand. All night long the wind blew and the rain poured.

Early in the morning I arose and looked out toward the sea.

The waves were rolling very high.

The ship was gone. The sea had swallowed it up.

As I could make no more visits to the ship, I now began to think of other things.

I was still afraid lest there were savage beasts on the island.

Savage men, too, might come that way.

If any of these should find me, how could I protect myself from them?

I must have a stronger house to live in. I must build me a little fort or castle.

The place I was in was flat and wet. My tent was on open ground and could be plainly seen from a distance. There was no fresh water near it.

I must find a better place than this for my castle.

A little way from the shore there was a rocky hill. I went to look at it.

Halfway up the hill there was a large level place, with a great rock rising behind it like the side of a house.

I climbed up to the level place. There was but one way to go, and that was by a steep and winding path.

I found the place much larger than I thought. It was more than a hundred yards long and almost half as broad.

It was, indeed, a green field, or plain, with steep cliff rising up behind it. You must think of it as a great shelf half way up the side of the hill.

"Here," I said to myself, "is the place for my castle."

It was no easy thing to carry all my goods up the steep path to this level plain. I worked hard for many days; but, then, there was nothing else to do, and I must needs keep busy.

At one place on the side of the great rock there was a break, or opening, like the door to a cave. But there was no cave there.

Just in front of this break I began to build my castle. First, I drew a half circle upon the ground, with the opening at the center. The space which it inclosed was about thirty feet across.

In this half circle I set up two rows of strong stakes, driving them deep into the ground.

The rows were not more than six inches apart. The stakes were about two inches apart and as high as my head.

Then between and around these stakes I laid the great ropes that I had brought from the ship. Among these I twined the slender branches of trees and long grapevines that I found in the woods.

When all was finished I had a wall nearly six feet high. It was so strong that nothing could break through it.

I made no door in the wall. The only way in which to get into the yard behind it was by going over the top. This was done by climbing a short ladder which I could lift up after me, and then let down again.

How safe I felt now, as I stood inside of my castle wall!

Over this wall I next carried all my riches, food, my tools, my boxes of clothing. Then, right against the great rock, I made me a large tent to shelter me from the rain.

Into this tent I brought everything that would be spoiled by getting wet. In the middle of it I swung the hammock that I had brought from the ship. For you must remember that I was a sailor, and I could sleep better in a hammock than on a bed.

The hollow place in the rock was just as I hoped. It was, indeed, a large cleft or crack, filled only with earth and small stones.

With such tools as I had I began to dig the earth and stones away. I carried them out through my tent and piled them up along the inside of my wall.

In a few days I had made quite a cave which would serve very well as a cellar to my castle.

I called the cave my kitchen; but when I began my cooking I found it best to do most of that work outside.

In bad weather, however, the kitchen was an excellent place to live in.

I GO A-HUNTING

(я иду на охоту; to hunt — охотиться)

WEEKS and weeks passed before my castle was finished (недели и недели прошли до того, как мой замок был завершен).

I did not work at it all the time (я не работал над ним = не строил его все время). Almost, every day I went out with my gun to see what I could find (почти каждый день я выходил со своим ружьем, чтобы увидеть, что я мог найти = поискать что-нибудь).

The very first day I saw a flock of goats (в самый первый день я увидел стадо коз). How glad I was (как же я был рад)!

But they were very shy and very swift (но они были очень пугливыми и очень быстрыми). As soon as they saw me (как только они увидали меня) they ran away in great fright (они убежали в большом страхе).

After that, I saw them nearly every day (после этого я видел их почти каждый день). But it was hard to get near them (но было трудно подобраться к ним близко).

One morning I saw an old goat feeding (однажды утром я увидел старую козу, кормящую) in the valley with a kid by her side (в долине с козленком рядом с ней; kid — козленок). I crept along among the rocks (я пробрался между камнями; to go along — продвигаться вперед; to creep — ползти; пробираться; красться) in such a way (так/таким образом) that she did not see me (что она не увидела меня).

When I was close enough (когда я был достаточно близко), I raised my gun and fired (я поднял ружье и выстрелил). The mother goat fell (коза-мать упала; to fall — падать), being killed at once by the shot (будучи убитой выстрелом сразу; at once — сразу же, тотчас же, немедленно).

It was a cruel deed (это был жестокий поступок), and I felt indeed sorry for the poor beast (и я чувствовал жалость к бедному животному; sorry — огорченный, сожалеющий, полный сожаления). But how else should I find food for myself in that lonely place (но как еще мог я найти для себя пищу в этом уединенном месте)?

The kid did not run away (козленок не убежал). It stood quite still (он стоял совсем неподвижно) by its mother's side (возле своей матери; side — сторона; бок). When I picked up the old goat and carried her to my castle (когда я поднял старую козу и понес ее к моему замку), the little one followed me (маленький /козленок/ пошел за мной).

I lifted it over the wall (я перенес: «поднял» его через стену). I thought I would tame it (я подумал, что смогу приручить его), and keep it as a pet (и держать как домашнее животное).

But it would not eat (он не хотел есть). I could do no better than kill it and use it for my own food (я не мог сделать ничего лучше, как убить его = мне пришлось убить его и использовать для моей еды).

The flesh of these two goats lasted me a long time (мясо этих двух козлов служило: «продолжалось» мне долгое время); for I did not eat much meat (потому что я не ел много мяса), and I still had many of the biscuits (и у меня все еще было много печенья) that I had saved from the ship (которое я спас/уберег с корабля; to save — спасать; охранять, защищать, ограждать; беречь, экономить).

About a month later (примерно месяц спустя) I shot at a young goat and lamed it (я выстрелил в молодую козу и покалечил ее/сделал хромой; lame — хромой). I caught it and carried it home (я поймал ее и принес домой; to catch — ловить), dressed its wounded leg (перевязал ей раненую ногу), and fed it (и накормил ее; to feed — кормить).

Its leg was soon as well and as strong as ever (ее нога скоро была такой же здоровой и крепкой, как всегда). The little animal became quite tame (маленькое животное стало вполне прирученным) and followed me everywhere I went (и следовало за мной, куда бы я ни шел).

I thought how fine it would be if I could have a whole flock of such creatures (я подумал, как хорошо было бы иметь целое стадо таких тварей/животных; creature — создание, творение; животное, тварь; to create — порождать, производить, создавать, творить). Then I would be sure of food when my powder and shot were gone (тогда я был бы уверен в еде = что получу еду, когда мой порох и дробь закончатся).

week [wi:k], goat [ˈɡǝut], cruel [ˈkruǝl], lonely [ˈlǝunlɪ], mother [ˈmʌðǝ], wound [wu:nd]

I GO A-HUNTING

WEEKS and weeks passed before my castle was finished.

I did not work at it all the time. Almost, every day I went out with my gun to see what I could find. The very first day I saw a flock of goats. How glad I was!

But they were very shy and very swift. As soon as they saw me they ran away in great fright.

After that, I saw them nearly every day. But it was hard to get near them.

One morning I saw an old goat feeding in the valley with a kid by her side. I crept along among the rocks in such a way that she did not see me.

When I was close enough, I raised my gun and fired. The mother goat fell, being killed at once by the shot.

It was a cruel deed, and I felt indeed sorry for the poor beast. But how else should I find food for myself in that lonely place?

The kid did not run away. It stood quite still by its mother's side. When I picked up the old goat and carried her to my castle, the little one followed me.

I lifted it over the wall. I thought I would tame it, and keep it as a pet.

But it would not eat. I could do no better than kill it and use it for my own food.

The flesh of these two goats lasted me a long time; for I did not eat much meat, and I still had many of the biscuits that I had saved from the ship.

About a month later I shot at a young goat and lamed it. I caught it and carried it home, dressed its wounded leg, and fed it.

Its leg was soon as well and as strong as ever. The little animal became quite tame and followed me everywhere I went.

I thought how fine it would be if I could have a whole flock of such creatures. Then I would be sure of food when my powder and shot were gone.

I KEEP MYSELF BUSY

(я нахожу себе занятия)

AMONG the things that I brought from the ship there were several which I have not told you about (среди вещей, который я перевез/перенес с корабля, было несколько, о которых я не рассказал вам). I will name them now (я назову их сейчас).

First I got from the captain's desk some pens, ink, and paper (прежде всего я взял с капитанского стола несколько перьев, чернила и бумагу; pen — перо /писчее/). These were afterward a great comfort to me (они были впоследствии большим подспорьем для меня = очень пригодились; comfort — утешение; поддержка, помощь), as you shall learn (как вы узнаете; to learn — учить /что-л./; узнавать).

There were some charts and compasses (там было несколько карт и компасов), and three or four books on navigation (и три или четыре книги по навигации). These I threw in a corner (их: «эти» я бросил в углу), for I did not think I should ever need them (так как я не думал, что когда-нибудь они потребуются мне).

Among my own things there were three very old Bibles (среди моих собственных вещей было три очень старых Библии), which I had bought in England and had packed with my clothing (которые я купил в Англии и упаковал вместе с моей одеждой; to buy — покупать).

And I must not forget the dog and two cats (и я не должен забывать = должен упомянуть собаку и двух кошек) that came to shore with me (которые прибыли на берег со мной). I carried both the cats on my raft with my first cargo (я привез обеих кошек на своем плоту с первым грузом).

As for the dog (что касается пса), he jumped off the wreck (он спрыгнул с потерпевшего крушение корабля) and swam to the shore (и доплыл до берега). He was my best friend for a long time (он был моим лучшим другом долгое время). He followed me everywhere (он ходил за мной всюду; to follow smb. — следовать за кем-л.). He would run and fetch things to me (он бегал и приносил мне вещи; would — /зд./ служебный глагол, выражающий привычное действие, относящееся к прошедшему) as I bade him (как я просил его; to bid — приказывать; просить). I wanted him to talk to me (я хотел, чтобы он говорил со мной), but this he could not do (но этого он не мог делать).

As for my pens, ink, and paper (что касается моих перьев, чернил и бумаги), I took the greatest care of them (я очень заботился о них: «брал величайшую заботу о них»). As long as my ink lasted (пока мои чернила были = пока у меня были мои чернила; to last — продолжаться, сохраняться), I wrote down everything that happened to me (я записывал все, что происходило со мной; to write — писать; to write down — записывать).

But when that was gone (но когда это кончилось), I could write no more for I did not know how to make ink (я не мог больше писать, так как не знал, как делать чернила).

I soon found that I needed many things to make me comfortable (я вскоре обнаружил, что мне нужно было много вещей, чтобы устроиться удобно/обеспечить себе комфорт).

First, I wanted a chair and a table (во-первых, я хотел стул и стол); for without them I must live like a savage (так как без них я должен жить, как дикарь).

So I set to work (так что/поэтому я принялся за работу). I had never handled a tool in my life (я никогда в жизни не управлялся с инструментами = мне не приходилось пользоваться инструментами). But I had a saw, an ax (но у меня была пила, топор), and several hatchets (и несколько топориков/резаков); and I soon learned to use them all (и я вскоре научился пользоваться ими всеми).

If I wanted a board (если я хотел доску), I had to chop down a tree (мне нужно было срубить дерево). From the trunk of the tree I cut a log (из ствола я вырезал бревно) of the length that my board was to be (той длины, которой должна была быть моя доска). Then I split the log (затем я раскалывал бревно) and hewed it flat till it was as thin as a board (и обрубал его плоско, пока оно не было тонким, как доска).

All this took time and much hard work (все это занимало время и /требовало/ много тяжелой работы). But I had nothing else to do (но у меня /все равно/ не было ничего другого, чем заняться).

I made the table and chair out of short pieces of board (я сделал стол и стул из коротких кусков = отрезков доски) I had brought from the ship (которую я принес с корабля).

Of the large boards which I hewed from trees (из больших досок, которые я вырубил из деревьев), I made some wide shelves (я смастерил широкие полки) along the side of my cave or kitchen (вдоль стен моей пещеры и кухни).

On these shelves I laid my tools, nails, and other things (на эти полки я положил мои инструменты, гвозди и другие вещи).

I had a place for everything (у меня было место для всего), and kept everything in its place (и я держал все на своем месте).

My cave looked like some stores you have seen where a little of everything is kept for sale (моя пещера выглядела подобно некоторым магазинам/складам, которые вы видели, где всего понемногу хранится на продажу).

From time to time I made many useful things (время от времени я делал много полезных вещей).

From a piece of hard wood (из куска крепкой древесины) that I cut in the forest (которую я срезал в лесу) I made a spade to dig with (я сделал лопату, чтобы копать = которой можно копать). The handle I shaped (ручке я придал форму) just like the handles you buy at the stores (совсем как ручки, /которые/ вы покупаете в магазинах). But the shovel part was of wood (но лопатная часть была из дерева) and would not last long (и не продержалась долго; to last — продолжаться, тянуться, длиться; сохраняться; выдерживать).

While I was digging my cave (пока я копал пещеру), I found it very hard work to carry the earth and small stones away (я обнаружил, что очень тяжело оттаскивать землю и маленькие камни; to carry away — уносить прочь). I needed a wheelbarrow very much (мне очень нужна была тачка; to need smth. — нуждаться в чем-л.).

I could make the frame part of this (я мог сделать каркас этого = каркас тачки), but I did not know how to make the wheel (но я не знал, как сделать колесо). I worked four days at it (я трудился над этим четыре дня), and then had to give it up (и затем должен был бросить это/отказаться от этого).

At last I made me a kind of hod (в конце концов я сделал себе подобие лотка /для подноса кирпичей/), like that which masons use (подобно таким, как используют каменщики). It was better than a basket (это было лучше, чем ведро) and almost as good as a wheelbarrow (и почти так же хорошо, как тачка).

comfort [ˈkʌmfǝt], learn [lǝ:n], navigation [ˌnævɪˈɡeɪʃ(ǝ)n], jump [ʤʌmp], everywhere [ˈevrɪweǝ], comfortable [ˈkʌmf(ǝ)tǝbl], cut [kʌt], hew [hju:], table [ˈteɪbl], chair [ˈtʃeǝ], forest [ˈfɔrɪst], shovel [ʃʌvl], wood [wud], wheelbarrow [ˈwi:lˌbærǝu], mason [ˈmeɪs(ǝ)n], basket [ˈbɑ:skɪt]

I KEEP MYSELF BUSY

AMONG the things that I brought from the ship there were several which I have not told you about. I will name them now. First I got from the captain's desk some pens, ink, and paper. These were afterward a great comfort to me, as you shall learn.

There were some charts and compasses, and three or four books on navigation. These I threw in a corner, for I did not think I should ever need them.

Among my own things there were three very old Bibles, which I had bought in England and had packed with my clothing.

And I must not forget the dog and two cats that came to shore with me. I carried both the cats on my raft with my first cargo.

As for the dog, he jumped off the wreck and swam to the shore. He was my best friend for a long time. He followed me everywhere. He would run and fetch things to me as I bade him. I wanted him to talk to me, but this he could not do.

As for my pens, ink, and paper, I took the greatest care of them. As long as my ink lasted, I wrote down everything that happened to me.

But when that was gone, I could write no more for I did not know how to make ink.

I soon found that I needed many things to make me comfortable.

First, I wanted a chair and a table; for without them I must live like a savage.

So I set to work. I had never handled a tool in my life. But I had a saw, an ax, and several, hatchets; and I soon learned to use them all.

If I wanted a board, I had to chop down a tree. From the trunk of the tree I cut a log of the length that my board was to be. Then I split the log and hewed it flat till it was as thin as a board.

All this took time and much hard work. But I had nothing else to do.

I made the table and chair out of short pieces of board I had brought from the ship.

Of the large boards which I hewed from trees, I made some wide shelves along the side of my cave or kitchen.

On these shelves I laid my tools, nails, and other things.

I had a place for everything, and kept everything in its place.

My cave looked like some stores you have seen where a little of everything is kept for sale.

From time to time I made many useful things.

From a piece of hard wood that I cut in the forest I made a spade to dig with. The handle I shaped just like the handles you buy at the stores. But the shovel part was of wood and would not last long.

While I was digging my cave, I found it very hard work to carry the earth and small stones away. I needed a wheelbarrow very much.

I could make the frame part of this, but I did not know how to make the wheel. I worked four days at it, and then had to give it up.

At last I made me a kind of hod, like that which masons use. It was better than a basket and almost as good as a wheelbarrow.

I HAVE A GREAT FRIGHT

(я сильно испугался: «имею большой страх»)

THE very next day after my cave was finished (на следующий день после того, как моя пещера была закончена) a frightful thing happened (случилась страшная/пугающая вещь; frightful — ужасающий, внушающий страх, страшный). I came near losing everything and my own life as well (я был на грани потери всего и моей жизни также: «я подошел близко к потере…»).

I will tell you about it (я расскажу вам об этом).

I was busy behind my tent (я был занят за своим навесом) when I heard a fearful noise above my head (когда я услышал страшный шум над головой). Before I could look up (прежде чем я смог посмотреть вверх), a great load of earth and stones came tumbling down (большой вес = куча земли и камней повалилась вниз; to tumble — рушить/ся/, обваливать/ся/).

It was a wonder that I was not buried alive (было чудо, что я не был похоронен заживо; to bury — хоронить, зарывать в землю). I was scared (я был напуган), for I thought the whole top of the cave was falling in (так как подумал, что вся верхушка пещеры проваливалась: «падала внутрь»; to fall in — западать, впадать, вваливаться).

I ran out and climbed over my wall (я выбежал и перелез через стену). The great rock behind my castle seemed to be shaking (большая скала за моим замком, казалось, тряслась: «казалась быть трясущейся»). Stones and earth were rolling down its side (камни и земля катились вниз по ее склону).

"An earthquake! an earthquake (землетрясение)!" I cried (закричал/воскликнул я).

The ground shook (земля затряслась; to shake — трясти/сь/). A tall rock that stood between me and the seashore toppled over and fell (высокий камень, который стоял между мной и морским берегом, перевернулся и упал). The noise was the most frightful I ever heard (этот шум был самым страшным, какой я когда-либо слышал).

There were three shocks (было три потрясения/толчка; shock — удар, толчок; сотрясение) about eight minutes apart (около восьми минут между = с перерывом примерно в восемь минут; apart — в стороне, отдельно, в отдалении, обособленно; врозь, порознь). The strongest building you ever saw would have been overturned (самое крепкое здание, какое вы когда-либо видели, было бы перевернуто).

I was so frightened that I did not know what to do (я был так напуган, что не знал, что делать). I sat on the ground and could not move (я сел на землю и не мог пошевелиться; to sit — сидеть; садиться; to move — двигать/ся/). I could only cry, over and over again (я мог только плакать, опять и опять), "Lord, have mercy on me (Господи, сжалься надо мной; mercy — милосердие; жалость, сожаление, сострадание; Божья снисходительность; Божье прощение, отпущение /грехов/)!"

After the third shock was over I began to grow braver (после /того, как/ третий толчок закончился, я начал становиться смелее). But still I sat on the ground (но я все еще сидел на земле), wondering what would come next (думая/задаваясь вопросом, что произойдет потом; to wonder — удивляться; интересоваться; размышлять).

All at once the sky was overcast (вдруг небо затянуло облаками; overcast — затянутый облаками; мрачный, хмурый; to overcast — покрывать мраком, закрывать; затемнять; to cast — бросать, кидать). Dark clouds rolled over the sea (темные тучи бежали: «катились» над морем; cloud — облако; туча). The wind began to blow (начал дуть ветер). A dreadful hurricane was at hand (ужасный ураган был близок; dreadful — страшный, ужасный; внушающий ужас, грозный, чудовищный; dread — ужас, благоговейный страх, трепет).

The sea was covered with foam (море было покрыто пеной). The waves were mountain high (волны были с гору высотой). On the shore, trees were torn up by the roots (на берегу деревья были выворачиваемы с корнем; to tear — рвать; to tear up — вырывать; выдергивать). If my tent had not been well sheltered behind the great rock (если бы мой навес не был хорошо укрыт за большой скалой), it would have been carried away (он был бы снесен: «унесен прочь»).

The hurricane lasted fully three hours (ураган длился полных три часа; fully — полностью; full — полный). Then the rain began to pour down (затем начал лить дождь).

All this time I sat on the ground outside (все это время я сидел на земле снаружи), too much frightened to go back into my castle (слишком сильно напуганный, чтобы вернуться: «пойти назад» в мой замок).

Toward night the rain slackened (к ночи дождь ослаб; to slacken — слабеть, уменьшаться), and I ventured over my wall (и я отважился перелезть через стену; to venture — рисковать /чем-л./; ставить на карту; отважиться, решиться; осмелиться). The tent was half beaten down (навес был наполовину снесен/повален: «сбит вниз»; to beat — бить). So I crept through into the cave (поэтому я пробрался через него в пещеру). I was half afraid that even it would tumble down on my head (я был наполовину напуган = немного опасался, что даже он мог упасть на мою голову).

lose [lu:z], own [ˈǝun], fearful [ˈfɪǝful], noise [ˈnɔɪz], bury [ˈberɪ], alive [ǝˈlaɪv], earthquake [ˈǝ:Ɵkweɪk], minute [ˈmɪnɪt], apart [ǝˈpɑ:t], overturn [ˈǝuvǝtǝ:n], mercy [ˈmǝ:sɪ], dreadful [ˈdredful], hurricane [ˈhʌrɪkǝn, ˈhʌrɪkeɪn], foam [ˈfǝum], mountain [ˈmauntɪn], slacken [ˈslæk(ǝ)n], venture [ˈventʃǝ]

I HAVE A GREAT FRIGHT

THE very next day after my cave was finished a frightful thing happened. I came near losing everything and my own life as well. I will tell you about it.

I was busy behind my tent when I heard a fearful noise above my head. Before I could look up, a great load of earth and stones came tumbling down.

It was a wonder that I was not buried alive. I was scared, for I thought the whole top of the cave was falling in.

I ran out and climbed over my wall. The great rock behind my castle seemed to be shaking. Stones and earth were rolling down its side.

"An earthquake! an earthquake!" I cried.

The ground shook. A tall rock that stood between me and the seashore toppled over and fell. The noise was the most frightful I ever heard.

There were three shocks about eight minutes apart. The strongest building you ever saw would have been overturned.

I was so frightened that I did not know what to do. I sat on the ground and could not move. I could only cry, over and over again, "Lord, have mercy on me!"

After the third shock was over I began to grow braver. But still I sat on the ground, wondering what would come next.

All at once the sky was overcast. Dark clouds rolled over the sea. The wind began to blow. A dreadful hurricane was at hand.

The sea was covered with foam. The waves were mountain high. On the shore, trees were torn up by the roots. If my tent had not been well sheltered behind the great rock, it would have been carried away.

The hurricane lasted fully three hours. Then the rain began to pour down.

All this time I sat on the ground outside, too much frightened to go back into my castle.

Toward night the rain slackened, and I ventured over my wall. The tent was half beaten down. So I crept through into the cave. I was half afraid that even it would tumble down on my head.

I EXPLORE MY ISLAND

(я исследую мой остров)

IT rained all that night (дождь шел всю ночь). But in the cave everything was warm and dry (но в пещере все было теплым и сухим), and little by little I lost my fear (и мало-помалу я утратил свой страх; to lose — терять, утрачивать).

The earthquake and the hurricane had done great damage to my castle (землетрясение и ураган причинили большой ущерб моему замку). I had to work hard for many days (мне пришлось усиленно трудиться много дней) to put things to rights again (чтобы привести все в порядок).

I had now been on the island about ten months (я был уже на острове около десяти месяцев). In all that time I had seen only a small part of it (за все это время я видел только малую часть его).

One morning I set out with my gun on my shoulder for a long walk (одним утром я пустился с ружьем на плече на длительную прогулку).

I went up the little river (я прошел вверх вдоль маленькой реки) where I had first landed with my rafts (где я впервые причаливал с моими плотами). I found that it was a very short river (я обнаружил, что это была очень короткая река). After about two miles (через примерно две мили), the tide did not flow any higher (вода не приливала выше); and above that, the stream was only a little brook of fresh water (и над этим /местом/ поток был только маленьким ручьем пресной воды).

Along the brook there were pleasant meadows (вдоль ручья были красивые луга; pleasant — приятный; радостный; милый, симпатичный; славный), covered with high grass (покрытые высокой травой).

In the dryer parts of these meadows (в более сухих частях этих лугов) I found tobacco growing wild (нашел табак, растущий диким = дикорастущий табак).

I looked for the roots of a plant which the Indians use instead of bread (я искал корни /какого-либо/ растения, которое индейцы используют вместо хлеба), but could find none (не мог найти ни одного).

In one place, however (однако в одном месте), I saw many tall sugar canes (я увидел много высоких /растений/ сахарного тростника) and some fair-looking plants of a kind that was strange to me (и несколько красиво выглядящих растений вида, который был незнаком мне).

As I went back to my castle I wondered how I could learn something useful about the many objects I had seen (пока я шел обратно в мой замок, я думал, как я мог узнать = как бы мне узнать что-то полезное о многих объектах, /которые/ я видел). But I had never taken much thought about such things (но я никогда много не думал = не задумывался о подобных вещах), and now I had but little chance to learn (и теперь я имел лишь маленький шанс узнать = не имел особой возможности узнать).

The next day I went up the same way, but much farther (на следующий день я пошел по тому же пути, но намного дальше).

Beyond the meadows I came to some beautiful woods (за лугами я пришел к красивым лесам = обнаружил прекрасный лес).

Here I found several different kinds of fruits (здесь я нашел несколько различных видов фруктов). There were grapevines covering the trees (здесь были виноградные лозы, покрывающие деревья), and huge clusters of ripe grapes were hanging from them (и с них свисали огромные гроздья зрелого винограда).

I was very glad of this (я был очень рад этому). I made up my mind to come another day (я решил прийти в другой день) and gather some of this fruit (и собрать немного винограда: «некоторое количество этого плода»). I would dry the grapes in the sun (я /подумал, что/ высушу виноград на солнце; would — /зд./ вспомогательный глагол; используется для образования будущего в прошедшем во 2 и 3 лице), and have some raisins (и получу изюм).

Night came on (настала ночь) while I was still in the woods (пока я все еще был в лесу), and I could not do better than stay there till morning (и не мог сделать ничего лучше = мне ничего не оставалось, как остаться там до утра). So I climbed into a tree and slept there quite well (поэтому я залез на дерево и поспал там очень хорошо; to sleep — спать).

It was the first night that I had spent away from home (это была первая ночь, которую я провел вне дома; to spend — проводить /время/).

The next day I went on through the woods for nearly four miles (на следующий день я прошел по лесу почти четыре мили; to go on — продолжать идти).

At last I came to an open space where the land sloped to the west (наконец я пришел к открытому пространству, где земля клонилась к западу; slope — наклон, уклон; to slope — клониться; иметь наклон). The country was so fresh and green that it looked like a big garden (местность была такой свежей и зеленой, что выглядела, как большой сад).

I went down into a pleasant valley (я спустился: «пошл вниз» в красивую/приятную долину) where there were many beautiful trees (где было много прекрасных деревьев). There I found oranges, lemons, limes, and citrons (там я обнаружил апельсины, лаймы /маленькие зеленые лимончики/, лимоны), besides many grapes (помимо множества винограда).

I loaded myself with fruit and started homeward (я нагрузил себя фруктами и начал идти = отправился домой). "I must come again and bring a sack (я должен вернуться /сюда/ и принести мешок)," I said.

It was three days before I reached my castle (только через три дня я достиг моего замка: «было три дня, прежде чем…»). By that time the fruit had lost all its flavor (к тому времени плоды потеряли весь свой вкус; to lose — терять, утрачивать).

The next day I went back to the same valley (на следующий день я вернулся: «пошел назад» в ту же самую долину). I carried two small sacks to bring home my harvest (я нес два маленьких мешка, чтобы принести домой мой урожай).

But I found many of the grapevines torn down (но я обнаружил многие лозы сорванными; to tear down — срывать, вырывать; to tear — рвать). The fruit was scattered on the ground (плоды были разбросаны по земле). Some had been eaten (некоторые были съедены). Some had been trodden to pieces (некоторые были растоптаны на куски; to tread — топтать, наступать, давить).

A wild animal had been there (дикое животное побывало там). Perhaps it was a goat (возможно, коза), perhaps it was a larger beast (возможно, это было /какое-то/ животное побольше). Perhaps several animals had done the mischief (возможно, ущерб сделали = нанесли несколько животных; mischief — вред; повреждение; убытки, ущерб).

warm [ˈwɔ:m], damage [ˈdæmɪʤ], put [put], stream [stri:m], meadow [ˈmedǝu], [ɡrɑ:s], tobacco [tǝˈbækǝu], plant [ˈ], [plɑ:nt], Indian [ˈɪndɪǝn], [ɪnˈsted], none [nʌn], however [hauˈevǝ], object [ˈɔbʤɪkt, ˈɔbʤekt], different [ˈdɪf(ǝ)r(ǝ)nt], fruit [fru:t], raisin [ˈreɪzn], orange [ˈɔrɪnʤ], lemon [ˈ], [ˈlemǝn], citron [ˈsɪtr(ǝ)n] besides [bɪˈsaɪdz], flavor [ˈfleɪvǝ], valley [ˈvælɪ], harvest [ˈhɑ:vɪst], mischief [ˈmɪstʃi:f]

I EXPLORE MY ISLAND

IT rained all that night. But in the cave everything was warm and dry, and little by little I lost my fear. The earthquake and the hurricane had done great damage to my castle. I had to work hard for many days to put things to rights again.

I had now been on the island about ten months. In all that time I had seen only a small part of it.

One morning I set out with my gun on my shoulder for a long walk.

I went up the little river where I had first landed with my rafts. I found that it was a very short river. After about two miles, the tide did not flow any higher; and above that, the stream was only a little brook of fresh water.

Along the brook there were pleasant meadows, covered with high grass.

In the dryer parts of these meadows I found tobacco growing wild.

I looked for the roots of a plant which the Indians use instead of bread, but could find none.

In one place, however, I saw many tall sugar canes and some fair-looking plants of a kind that was strange to me.

As I went back to my castle I wondered how I could learn something useful about the many objects I had seen. But I had never taken much thought about such things, and now I had but little chance to learn.

The next day I went up the same way, but much farther.

Beyond the meadows I came to some beautiful woods.

Here I found several different kinds of fruits. There were grapevines covering the trees, and huge clusters of ripe grapes were hanging from them.

I was very glad of this. I made up my mind to come another day and gather some of this fruit. I would dry the grapes in the sun, and have some raisins.

Night came on while I was still in the woods, and I could not do better than stay there till morning. So I climbed into a tree and slept there quite well.

It was the first night that I had spent away from home.

The next day I went on through the woods for nearly four miles.

At last I came to an open space where the land sloped to the west. The country was so fresh and green that it looked like a big garden.

I went down into a pleasant valley where there were many beautiful trees. There I found oranges, lemons, limes, and citrons, besides many grapes.

I loaded myself with fruit and started homeward. "I must come again and bring a sack," I said.

It was three days before I reached my castle. By that time the fruit had lost all its flavor.

The next day I went back to the same valley. I carried two small sacks to bring home my harvest.

But I found many of the grapevines torn down. The fruit was scattered on the ground. Some had been eaten. Some had been trodden to pieces.

A wild animal had been there. Perhaps it was a goat, perhaps it was a larger beast. Perhaps several animals had done the mischief.

I GET READY FOR WINTER

(я готовлюсь к зиме)

I WAS so much pleased with the valley I had discovered (я был так доволен этой долиной, /которую/ я открыл) that I spent much of my time there (что проводил большую часть времени там; to spend — проводить /время/).

At last I built me a small summer house (наконец я построил себе маленький летний домик) close by a grove of orange trees (близко к роще апельсиновых деревьев).

It was but little more than a bower (он был лишь немного больше, чем беседка; bower — дача, коттедж; беседка), made of the branches of trees (сделанная из веток деревьев).

I built a strong fence around it (я соорудил крепкий забор вокруг него; to build — строить). This was made of two rows of tall stakes (он был сделан из двух рядов высоких кольев) with brushwood between (с ветками между /ними/; brushwood — подлесок, молодая поросль, заросли; кустарник; валежник, хворост).

There was no gate in this fence (в этом заборе не было калитки; gate — ворота /как сооружение/; дверь, ворота, калитка), but only a short ladder (но только короткая лестница), just as at my castle (совсем как в моем замке).

Here I sometimes stayed two or three nights together (здесь я иногда оставался на две или три ночи кряду).

I gathered about two hundred clusters of grapes and hung them up to dry (я собрал почти двести гроздьев винограда и повесил их сушиться; to hang — вешать). In due time (в должное время) they made the finest of raisins (из них сделался самый вкусный изюм). I took them down and carried them to my castle (я снял их и отнес в мой замок).

Thus little by little I gathered food for winter (так/таким образом мало-помалу я собрал еду на зиму).

The winters there were not cold (зимы там были не холодные). But the rain fell every day (но дождь падал = шел каждый день), and often all the day (и часто весь день).

I had just finished my bower (я только что закончил беседку/летний домик), and was beginning to enjoy myself (и начал наслаждаться = жить припеваючи; to enjoy smth. — получать удовольствие от чего-л.; to enjoy oneself — хорошо проводить время) when the rainy season or winter, began (когда = как начался сезон дождей, или зима,).

What could I do but hurry back to my castle and its dry, warm cave (что я мог сделать, кроме как поторопиться обратно в замок и в его сухую, теплую пещеру)?

For weeks I could not stir out without getting wet (неделями я не мог выйти, не намокнув; to stir — шевелиться, двигаться). My store of food began to grow small (мои запасы еды начали сокращаться: «становиться малыми»).

One day, in spite of the rain (однажды, несмотря на дождь), I went out and killed a goat (я вышел и убил козу). The next day I found a very large turtle among the rocks (на следующий день я нашел очень большую черепаху среди /больших/ камней).

This was all good luck (это все была удача), for I had now enough to eat for many a day (так как теперь у меня было достаточно еды: «достаточно, чтобы есть» на много дней).

My meals were simple and plain (мои приемы пищи были простыми и неразнообразными = моя еда была…; plain — /уст./ плоский, ровный; незамысловатый, обыкновенный; meal — прием пищи; еда).

For breakfast, I had a bunch of raisins and a bit of biscuit (на завтрак я ел горсть изюма и кусок печенья).

For dinner, I had broiled turtle (на обед у меня была жареная черепаха). I could not have turtle soup (я не мог приготовить суп из черепахи), for I had no vessel in which to cook it (так как у меня не было сосуда, в котором приготовить его).

For supper, I ate two or three turtle's eggs (на ужин я съедал два или три черепашьих яйца; to eat — есть).

Although I was kept close indoors by the rain (хотя дождь вынуждал меня оставаться внутри дома: «я был удерживаем заключенным в помещение дождем»; indoors — внутри дома, в помещении; door — дверь; close — закрытый; заключенный /в тюрьму и т. п./, строго охраняемый), I was never idle (я никогда не был без дела; idle — праздный).

Every day I worked at making my cave larger (каждый день я трудился над тем, чтобы сделать мою пещеру больше). I dug far in (я копал дальше; to dig — копать), behind the rock (за скалой), and made a fine, large room there (и сделал там прекрасную, большую комнату).

Then I made another door or way out (затем я сделал другую дверь или выход), which opened on the outside of my wall (которая открывалась снаружи моей стены = в моей стене). So now I could come into the castle through the cellar (так что я мог входить в замок через погреб), or kitchen (или кухню), and without climbing the ladder (и не взбираясь по лестнице).

This was much handier and easier than the other way (это было намного удобнее и легче, чем наоборот; handy — доступный; близкий, /имеющийся/ под рукой; удобный /для пользования/). But it did not seem so safe (но это не казалось таким безопасным). I feared now lest some wild beast might get into my house (я боялся, как бы дикие животные не смогли попасть в мой дом); and yet the biggest animal (хотя самым большим животным) I had seen on the island was a goat (/которое/ я видел на острове, была коза).

Soon after this I put a roof over my whole inclosure (вскоре после этого я поместил крышу над всем своим убежищем; inclosure/enclosure — огороженное место). I took a number of long poles for rafters (я взял несколько длинных шестов в качестве стропил) and laid one end of each on the wall (и положил один конец каждого /стропила/ на стену; to lay — класть), while the other end leaned against the rock above the cave (в то время как другой конец опирался на скалу над пещерой).

These I covered with boughs of trees (их я покрыл ветками деревьев), long grass (длинной травой), and such other things as I could get (и подобными другими вещами, которые мог достать). In this way I made a very good roof which turned the rain and kept everything dry (так/таким образом я сделал очень хорошую крышу, которая отклоняла дождь = защищала от дождя и сохраняла все сухим).

My castle was now a very roomy place (мой замок был теперь очень просторным местом; room — место, пространство; помещение). It was quite warm and dry even in the worst of weather (оно было довольно теплым и сухим даже в самую плохую погоду; worst — худший; the worst — самое худшее).

discover [dɪˈskʌvǝ], grove [ˈɡrǝuv], bower [ˈbauǝ], brushwood [ˈbrʌʃwud], between [bɪˈtwi:n], enjoy [ɪnˈʤɔɪ], myself [maɪˈself], season [si:zn], bunch [bʌntʃ], turtle [tǝ:tl], soup [su:p], indoors [ˌɪnˈdɔ:z], idle [ˈaɪdl], roof [ru:f]

I GET READY FOR WINTER

I WAS so much pleased with the valley I had discovered that I spent much of my time there. At last I built me a small summer house close by a grove of orange trees.

It was but little more than a bower, made of the branches of trees.

I built a strong fence around it. This was made of two rows of tall stakes with brushwood between.

There was no gate in this fence, but only a short ladder, just as at my castle.

Here I sometimes stayed two or three nights together.

I gathered about two hundred clusters of grapes and hung them up to dry. In due time they made the finest of raisins. I took them down and carried them to my castle.

Thus little by little I gathered food for winter.

The winters there were not cold. But the rain fell every day, and often all the day.

I had just finished my bower, and was beginning to enjoy myself when the rainy season, or winter, began.

What could I do but hurry back to my castle and its dry, warm cave?

For weeks I could not stir out without getting wet. My store of food began to grow small.

One day, in spite of the rain, I went out and killed a goat. The next day I found a very large turtle among the rocks.

This was all good luck, for I had now enough to eat for many a day.

My meals were simple and plain.

For breakfast, I had a bunch of raisins and a bit of biscuit.

For dinner, I had broiled turtle. I could not have turtle soup, for I had no vessel in which to cook it.

For supper, I ate two or three turtle's eggs.

Although I was kept close indoors by the rain, I was never idle.

Every day I worked at making my cave larger. I dug far in, behind the rock, and made a fine, large room there.

Then I made another door or way out, which opened on the outside of my wall. So now I could come into the castle through the cellar, or kitchen, and without climbing the ladder.

This was much handier and easier than the other way. But it did not seem so safe. I feared now lest some wild beast might get into my house; and yet the biggest animal I had seen on the island was a goat.

Soon after this I put a roof over my whole inclosure. I took a number of long poles for rafters and laid one end of each on the wall, while the other end leaned against the rock above the cave.

These I covered with boughs of trees, long grass, and such other things as I could get. In this way I made a very good roof which turned the rain and kept everything dry.

My castle was now a very roomy place. It was quite warm and dry even in the worst of weather.

I MAKE ME A CALENDAR

(я делаю себе календарь)

IT was now just one year since I was cast upon this lonely island (теперь был = прошел как раз один год с того времени, когда я был выброшен на этот необитаемый остров; to cast — бросать; lonely — одинокий; пустынный).

Do you wonder how I have kept an account of the time (вам интересно, как я вел счет времени)? I will tell you (я расскажу вам).

A few days after the ship wreck (несколько дней спустя после кораблекрушения) it came into my mind that I should lose track of the days and the seasons (мне пришло на ум, что я потеряю = могу потерять счет дней и сезонов = времен года). For I had neither almanac nor notebook (так как у меня не было ни альманаха = календаря, ни записной книжки; almanac — календарь; альманах, сборник). It would be hard always to remember the days of the week (будет трудно всегда помнить дни недели) and I might even forget when it was Sunday (и я могу даже забыть, когда воскресенье).

So I set up a large post by my door (поэтому я установил большой столб у двери). At the top of this post I cut in large letters these words (на верхушке столба я вырезал большими буквами эти слова; post — мачта, подпорка, свая, стойка, столб, кол, шест):

I CAME ON SHORE HERE (я высадился на берег здесь)

SEPTEMBER 30, 1659.

Every morning I cut a little notch on the side of the post under these words (каждое утро я вырезал зарубку на боку шеста под этими словами).

Every seventh notch was twice as long as the rest (каждая седьмая зарубка была в два раза длиннее других; rest — остаток, остальное), and this showed me that the day was Sunday (и это показывало мне, что этот день был воскресеньем).

Every thirtieth notch was longer and broader (каждая тридцатая зарубка была длиннее и шире). This showed me that a full month had gone by (это показывала мне, что прошел полный месяц).

It was thus I made my calendar (вот так я сделал календарь).

One morning I found, on counting up (одним утром я нашел, подсчитывая), that there were three hundred and sixty-five notches (что на столбе было 365 зарубок). I knew, therefore, that it was just one year since my landing (я узнал/понял, таким образом, что прошел уже год со времени моей высадки).

I sat in my castle and thought of the goodness of God in thus keeping me alive (я сидел в моем замке и думал о великодушии Бога /который/ так сохранил мне жизнь; to keep alive — сохранять в живых; goodness — доброта; великодушие) and safe in the midst of so many perils (и /к тому же/ посреди столь многих опасностей)

I humbled myself (я смирился; humble — смиренный), and thanked him for his many mercies (и поблагодарил его за его многие милости).

For twelve hours I tasted nothing (двенадцать часов я ничего не ел: «не пробовал»; to taste — попробовать /на вкус/, отведать). When, at last, the sun went down (когда, наконец, солнце зашло), I ate a biscuit and a bunch of grapes and went to bed (я съел печенье и гроздь винограда и лег спать: «пошел в постель»).

Having now been on the island a whole year (пробыв на острове уже целый год), I had learned that the seasons there were not the same as in England (я узнал, что времена года не были такими, как в Англии).

They were not to be spoken of as spring, summer, autumn, and winter (не приходилось говорить о весне, лете, осени и зиме). They were rather to be called the wet season and the dry season (скорее их нужно было называть дождливым и сухим сезонами). Indeed, there were two wet seasons and two dry seasons, in the year (в самом деле, было два влажных сезона = сезона дождей и два сухих сезона в году).

year [ˈjǝ:], since [sɪns], account [ǝˈkaunt], wreck [rek], neither [ˈnaɪðǝ], almanac [ˈɔ:lmǝnæk], full [ful], month [mʌnƟ], therefore [ˈðeǝfɔ:], solemn [ˈsɔlǝm], peril [ˈperɪl], autumn [ˈɔ:tǝm]

I MAKE ME A CALENDAR

IT was now just one year since I was cast upon this lonely island. Do you wonder how I have kept an account of the time? I will tell you.

A few days after the ship wreck it came into my mind that I should lose track of the days and the seasons. For I had neither almanac nor notebook. It would be hard always to remember the days of the week and I might even forget when it was Sunday.

So I set up a large post by my door. At the top of this post I cut in large letters these words:

I CAME ON SHORE HERE

SEPTEMBER 30, 1659.

Every morning I cut a little notch on the side of the post under these words.

Every seventh notch was twice as long as the rest, and this showed me that the day was Sunday.

Every thirtieth notch was longer still and broader. This showed me that a full month had gone by.

It was thus I made my calendar.

One morning I found, on counting up, that there were three hundred and sixty-five notches on the post. I knew, therefore, that it was just one year since my landing.

I kept this day as a solemn fast.

I sat in my castle and thought of the goodness of God in thus keeping me alive and safe in the midst of so many perils.

I humbled myself, and thanked him for his many mercies.

For twelve hours I tasted nothing. When, at last, the sun went down, I ate a biscuit and a bunch of grapes and went to bed.

Having now been on the island a whole year, I had learned that the seasons there were not the same as in England.

They were not to be spoken of as spring, summer, autumn, and winter. They were rather to be called the wet season and the dry season. Indeed, there were two wet seasons and two dry seasons, in the year.

I SOW SOME GRAIN

(я сею зерно)

THE first wet season began about the middle of February (первый влажный сезон начался примерно в середине февраля) and lasted till the middle April (и длился до середины апреля).

The first dry season (первый сухой сезон) began about the middle of April and lasted till the middle of August.

The second wet season (второй влажный сезон) began about the middle of August and lasted till the middle October.

The second dry season began about the middle of October and lasted till the middle of February.

I could not have kept track of these thing easily if it had not been for my calendar (я не смог бы вести учет этому так легко, если бы не мой календарь).

Just before the first rainy season began I was one day rummaging among the shelves in my cave (как раз перед тем, как начался первый сезон дождей, я одним днем копался среди полок в пещере; to rummage — тщательно разыскивать что-л.).

There I found the little bag (там я нашел небольшую сумку) that I had brought from the ship with some barley in it (которую я принес с корабля, с некоторым количеством ячменя в ней), as I have already told you (как я уже говорил вам).

I lifted it; it was almost empty (я поднял ее, она была почти пуста).

I looked inside (я заглянул внутрь). I saw nothing there but some dust and chaff (я не увидел там ничего, кроме пыли и мякины). The rats had been there (крысы побывали там), and had eaten the grains of barley (и съели зерна ячменя).

The bag would be useful for something else (сумка могла бы быть полезна для чего-нибудь другого). I took it outside and shook the dust and chaff upon he ground (я вынес ее наружу и вытряс пыль и мякину на землю). It was a sunny place (это было солнечное место), close by the great rock (близко к большой скале).

About a month after this (примерно /через/ месяц после этого), I saw that something green was starting to grow at that place (я увидел, что что-то зеленое начинало расти на том месте). I wondered what it was (я задался вопросом, что это было). It could not be grass (это не могла быть трава), for the stalks were larger and stronger (так как стебли были больше и крепче).

I had forgotten about the barley (я забыл о ячмене; to forget). But I took care that nothing should break the stalks down (но я позаботился, чтобы ничто не сломало стебли).

They grew fast (они росли быстро; to grow — расти), and were soon as high as my waist (и вскоре были такими высокими, как моя талия = стали мне по пояс). Then I was surprised to see ten or twelve heads of green barley come out (затем я был удивлен увидеть = с удивлением увидел, как появились десять или двенадцать головок = колосьев зеленого ячменя).

You cannot think how glad I was (вы не можете подумать = представить себе, как я был рад). I remembered, then, how I had shaken the bag of dust and chaff over that very spot (я вспомнил тогда, как я вытряс сумку пыли и мякины над тем самым местом; to shake — трясти).

But there was another surprise for me (но был и другой сюрприз/другая неожиданность для меня). I noticed in the wet ground (я заметил в мокрой земле) a little nearer the rock some other green plants (немного ближе к скале, несколько других зеленых растений). These were not so tall as the barley stalks (они не были такими высокими, как стебли ячменя), and they did not seem to be the same (и не казались быть тем же = и казалось, что это не ячмень).

I watched them for several days (я наблюдал за ними несколько дней). Then I saw that they were stalks of rice (затем я увидел, что они /эти ростки/ были стеблями риса). No doubt some grains of rice had been in the bag with the barley (без сомнения, несколько зерен риса было в сумке с ячменем), and had fallen out with the dust and chaff (и вывалились вместе с пылью и мякиной).

You may be sure that I took good care of the grain (можете быть уверены, я хорошо позаботился о зерне). As soon as the barley was ripe I harvested it (как только ячмень был созревшим = созрел, я собрал урожай; to harvest — собирать урожай). There was only a handful or two (это было всего лишь горсть или две); but I put it away where no rats could get to it (но я убрал его подальше, где никакие крысы не могли добраться до него). I wished to keep it safe and plant it again the next season (я хотел сохранить его и посадить вновь в следующем сезоне).

I did the same way with the rice (то же самое я проделал с рисом).

There was so little to begin with that it took a long time to grow a big crop (/его/ было так мало для того, чтобы начать /выращивать/ = пришлось начать со столь малого количества, что заняло долгое время вырастить большой урожай). It was not until the fourth harvest that I could keep some of the barley for bread (только с четвертым урожаем я смог сберечь/оставить немного ячменя для хлеба; until — до /какого-л. времени/).

I found that the best place to plant the grain was not on the hillside (я обнаружил, что лучшее место сажать зерно было не на склоне холма), but in a moist spot not far from my summer home (а во влажном месте недалеко от моего летнего дома).

One day, as soon as the wet season was at an end (однажды, как только влажный сезон закончился: «был при конце»), I made a visit to the country to see how my crops were growing (я совершил визит = поход вглубь острова, чтобы посмотреть, как растет мой урожай).

There I saw something that surprised me (там я увидел что-то, что поразило меня).

You will remember the fence that I built around my summer house (вы помните забор, который я построил вокруг моего летнего дома), or bower as I called it (или беседки, как я называл его). It was made of two rows of tall stakes, with brush between (он был сделан из двух рядов длинных кольев с ветками между /ними/).

Well, I now found that the stakes were still green (так вот теперь я обнаружил, что колья были все еще зелеными), and that long shoots or twigs were growing from them (и что длинные побеги, или ветки, росли на них). Some of these branches were already two or three feet long (некоторые из веток были уже два-три фута длиной).

This pleased me very much (это меня очень порадовало; to please — нравиться). I cut and trained the growing branches into just such shapes as I wished (я подрезал и согнул растущие ветки как раз в такую форму, как я хотел).

They grew very fast (они росли очень быстро; to grow — расти), and soon the whole fence was covered with green leaves (и вскоре весь забор был покрыт зелеными листьями). Then I trained the long branches toward the top of a pole which I set up in the center of my bower (затем я загнул длинные ветки к верхушке шеста, который я установил в центре беседки).

In a few months the whole inclosure was covered with a green roof (через несколько месяцев все огороженное пространство было покрыто зеленой крышей).

You cannot think how beautiful it was (вы не можете себе представить, насколько это было красиво). The place was shady and cool (место было тенистым и прохладным; shade — тень), the pleasantest spot one could wish to have (самое приятное место, /которое/ кто-либо мог желать иметь).

I did not know what kind of tree it was that grew in this wonderful way (я не знал, какой вид дерева это был, что рос таким удивительным способом). But I cut some more stakes of the same sort and carried them home to my castle (но я срезал несколько еще кольев этого же вида и принес их домой в мой замок).

I set these stakes in a double row (я воткнул эти колья в двойной ряд), about twenty inches outside of my first wall (примерно в двадцати дюймах снаружи от моей первой стены). In a few weeks they began to grow (через несколько недель они начали расти). They grew so fast that in two years they covered the whole space in front of my castle (они росли столь быстро, что через два года они покрыли все пространство перед моим замком).

They were not only handsome to look at (на них не только было приятно смотреть; handsome — красивый), but they helped to protect my castle (но они /к тому же/ помогали защищать мой замок).

February [ˈfebru(ǝ)rɪ], April [ˈeɪpr(ǝ)l], August [ˈɔ:ɡ ǝst], October [ɔkˈtǝubǝ], dust [dʌst], chaff [tʃɑ:f], stalk [stɔ:k], surprised [sǝˈpraɪzd], notice [ˈnǝutɪs], several [ˈsev(ǝ)r(ǝ)l], cover [ˈkʌvǝ], handsome [ˈhæn(d)sǝm], protect [prǝˈtekt]

I SOW SOME GRAIN

THE first wet season began about the middle of February and lasted till the middle April. The first dry season began about the middle of April and lasted till the middle of August.

The second wet season began about the middle of August and lasted till the middle October.

The second dry season began about the middle of October and lasted till the middle of February.

I could not have kept track of these thing easily if it had not been for my calendar.

Just before the first rainy season began I was one day rummaging among the shelves in my cave.

There I found the little bag that I had brought from the ship with some barley in it, as I have already told you.

I lifted it; it was almost empty.

I looked inside. I saw nothing there but some dust and chaff. The rats had been there, and had eaten the grains of barley.

The bag would be useful for something else. I took it outside and shook the dust and chaff upon the ground. It was a sunny place, close by the great rock.

About a month after this, I saw that something green was starting to grow at that place. I wondered what it was. It could not be grass, for the stalks were larger and stronger.

I had forgotten about the barley. But I took care that nothing should break the stalks down.

They grew fast, and were soon as high as my waist. Then I was surprised to see ten or twelve heads of green barley come out.

You cannot think how glad I was. I remembered, then, how I had shaken the bag of dust and chaff over that very spot.

But there was another surprise for me. I noticed in the wet ground a little nearer the rock some other green plants. These were not so tall as the barley stalks, and they did not seem to be the same.

I watched them for several days. Then I saw that they were stalks of rice. No doubt some grains of rice had been in the bag with the barley, and had fallen out with the dust and chaff.

You may be sure that I took good care of the grain. As soon as the barley was ripe I harvested it. There was only a handful or two; but I put it away where no rats could get to it. I wished to keep it safe and plant it again the next season.

I did the same way with the rice.

There was so little to begin with that it took a long time to grow a big crop. It was not until the fourth harvest that I could keep some of the barley for bread.

I found that the best place to plant the grain was not on the hillside, but in a moist spot not far from my summer home.

One day, as soon as the wet season was at an end, I made a visit to the country to see how my crops were growing.

There I saw something that surprised me.

You will remember the fence that I built around my summer house, or bower as I called it. It was made of two rows of tall stakes, with brush between.

Well, I now found that the stakes were still green, and that long shoots or twigs were growing from them. Some of these branches were already two or three feet long.

This pleased me very much. I cut and trained the growing branches into just such shapes as I wished.

They grew very fast, and soon the whole fence was covered with green leaves. Then I trained the long branches toward the top of a pole which I set up in the center of my bower.

In a few months the whole inclosure was covered with a green roof.

You cannot think how beautiful it was. The place was shady and cool, the pleasantest spot one could wish to have.

I did not know what kind of tree it was that grew in this wonderful way. But I cut some more stakes of the same sort and carried them home to my castle.

I set these stakes in a double row, about twenty inches outside of my first wall. In a few weeks they began to grow. They grew so fast that in two years they covered the whole space in front of my castle.

They were not only handsome to look at, but they helped to protect my castle.

I MAKE A LONG JOURNEY

(я предпринимаю длинное путешествие)

I HAD long wished to see the whole of my island (я уже давно желал увидеть весь мой остров: «целое моего острова»). So, one fine morning (так что, одним прекрасным утром), I set out to travel across to the other side of it (я пустился путешествовать через /него/ до другого берега).

Of course I carried my gun with me (конечно, я нес мое ружье с собой). In my belt was my best hatchet (на ремне у меня был мой лучший топорик). In my pouch (в /патронной/ сумке) I had plenty of powder and shot (у меня было много пороха и дроби). In my pocket were two biscuits and a big bunch of raisins (в кармане было два печенья и большая горсть изюма; bunch — связка, пучок, пачка). My dog followed behind me (моя собака следовала за мной).

I went past my summer house (я прошел мимо летнего дома), or bower (или беседки), and toward evening came to a fine open place close by the sea (и к вечеру пришел на красивое открытое место близко к морю).

It was a beautiful sight (это был красивый вид). The sky was clear, the air was still (небо было ясным, воздух спокойным). The smooth waters (тихие воды; smooth — гладкий) stretched away and away toward the setting sun (тянулись вдаль и вдаль /по направлению/ к заходящему солнцу).

Far in the distance (далеко на расстоянии) I could see land (я мог видеть землю). I could not tell whether it was an island or some part of the mainland of America (я не мог сказать, был ли это остров или часть континента Америки). It was at least fifty miles away (она /земля/ была по меньшей мере в пятидесяти милях).

If it were the mainland (если бы это был материк), I felt quite sure (был совершенно уверен; to feel — чувствовать) that I would at some time or other see a ship sailing hither to it or from it (что когда-нибудь: «в какое-либо время или другое» я увижу корабль, плывущий сюда к нему или от него; hither — сюда). If it were an island (если это был остров), there might be savages (там могли быть дикари) whom it would not be safe for me to meet (которых для меня было бы небезопасно встретить). But it would do no good to worry my mind about such matters (не было смысла беспокоить мой ум /вопросами/ о подобных вещах: «материях»).

I found this side of the island much more beautiful than that where my castle was (я обнаружил, что эта сторона острова была намного красивее, чем та, где был мой замок).

Here were large, open fields, green with grass (здесь были большие, открытые поля, зеленые от травы = покрытые травой) and sweet with flowers (и красивы от цветов; sweet — сладкий; приятный). Here, too, were fine woods, with many strange trees and vines (здесь также были красивые рощи с множеством странных деревьев и вьющихся растений).

I saw many green parrots among the trees (я увидел много зеленых попугаев среди деревьев), and I thought how I would catch one and teach it to talk (и подумал, как бы мне поймать одного и научить его говорить).

After a great deal of trouble I knocked a young one down with my stick (после множества трудностей я сбил молодого /попугая/ палкой). He was a good fighter (он был хорошим бойцом; to fight — сражаться), and it was no easy matter to get him (и было не простым делом заполучить его). But at last I picked him up and put him in my bag (но в конце концов я подобрал его и положил в свою сумку).

He was not hurt (он не был ранен; to hurt — причинить боль; ранить; ушибить), and I carried him home (и я отнес его домой). It was a long time before I could make him talk (прошло много времени, прежде чем я заставил/научил его говорить). But at last he became a great pet (но в конце концов он стал прекрасным питомцем) and would call me by my name (и называл меня по имени). I shall have a funny story to tell about him after a while (я буду иметь смешную историю рассказать = я расскажу смешную историю о нем через некоторое время).

Besides parrots there were many other birds in the woods (кроме попугаев, там было много других птиц в лесу). Some of these were of kinds that I had never seen before (некоторые из них были видов, которых я никогда раньше не видел).

In the low grounds I saw some animals that looked like rabbits (на низких землях = в низинах я видел некоторых животных, которые выглядели как кролики). There were others that I took to be foxes (там были /и/ другие, которых я принимал за лис), but they were not such foxes as we have in England (но они были не такими лисами, какиеу нас в Англии).

I traveled very slowly around the island (я путешествовал очень медленно по острову), for I wished to see everything (так как хотел увидеть все). Often I did not go more than two miles in a day (часто я не проходил более двух миль в день).

At night I sometimes slept in a tree (ночью я иногда спал на дереве; to sleep — спать), while my dog watched below me (в то время как моя собака охраняла внизу). Sometimes I shut myself up in a little pen made by driving tall stakes into the ground (иногда я скрывался в маленьком загончике, сделанном посредством вбивания длинных палок в землю; to shut — закрывать, запирать, затворять; to shut up — плотно закрыть; забить, заколотить; запирать /что-л. где-л./; хранить; прятать; pen — небольшой загон /для скота, птицы/). I felt quite safe (я чувствовал себя вполне в безопасности; to feel — чувствовать), for nothing could come near me without waking me (так как ничто не могло приблизиться ко мне, не разбудив меня: «без того, чтобы разбудить меня»).

Along the seashore there were thousands of turtles (вдоль берега были тысячи черепах) and a great plenty of waterfowl (и множество водоплавающих птиц; fowl — птица; дичь).

I had no trouble to find all the food I needed (у меня не было трудностей с нахождением всей той еды, в которой я испытывал потребность). Sometimes I had a roast pigeon for dinner (иногда у меня был жареный голубь на обед), sometimes the juicy meat of a turtle (иногда сочное мясо черепахи; juice — сок), sometimes that of a goat (иногда /мясо/ козы). No king could have fared better (никакой король не мог бы поесть лучше; to fare — жить, поживать; питаться).

One day my dog caught a young kid (однажды собака поймала козленка). I ran and got hold of it (я побежал и схватил его; to get hold of smth. — схватить что-л.: «получить ухват/хватку»), and would not let him hurt it (и не позволил ей ранить его).

I had a great mind to take it home with me (у меня было большое желание взять его домой с собой). So I made a collar for it (поэтому я сделал для него ошейник), and led it along by a string which I had in my pocket (и отвел его на веревке, которая была у меня в кармане; to lead — вести).

It was quite wild (он был довольно диким) and did not lead well (и не велся хорошо = нелегко было его вести). It gave me so much trouble that I took it to my summer house and left it there (он доставил мне так много трудностей, что я отвел его в летний дом и оставил там; to leave — оставлять, покидать).

I then went home to my castle (затем я ушел домой в мой замок).

travel [trævl], across [ǝˈkrɔs], pouch [ˈpautʃ], sure [ˈʃuǝ], knock [nɔk], bird [bǝ:d], along [ǝˈlɔŋ], fowl [ˈfaul], pigeon [ˈpɪʤɪn], juicy [ˈʤu:sɪ], collar [ˈkɔlǝ], [trʌbl]

I MAKE A LONG JOURNEY

I HAD long wished to see the whole of my island. So, one fine morning, I set out to travel across to the other side of it. Of course I carried my gun with me. In my belt was my best hatchet. In my pouch I had plenty of powder and shot. In my pocket were two biscuits and a big bunch of raisins. My dog followed behind me.

I went past my summer house, or bower, and toward evening came to a fine open place close by the sea.

It was a beautiful sight. The sky was clear, the air was still. The smooth waters stretched away and away toward the setting sun.

Far in the distance I could see land. I could not tell whether it was an island or some part of the mainland of America. It was at least fifty miles away.

If it were the mainland, I felt quite sure that I would at some time or other see a ship sailing hither to it or from it. If it were an island, there might be savages on it whom it would not be safe for me to meet. But it would do no good to worry my mind about such matters.

I found this side of the island much more beautiful than that where my castle was.

Here were large, open fields, green with grass and sweet with flowers. Here, too, were fine woods, with many strange trees and vines.

I saw many green parrots among the trees, and I thought how I would catch one and teach it to talk.

After a great deal of trouble I knocked a young one down with my stick. He was a good fighter, and it was no easy matter to get him. But at last I picked him up and put him in my bag.

He was not hurt, and I carried him home. It was a long time before I could make him talk. But at last he became a great pet and would call me by my name. I shall have a funny story to tell about him after a while.

Besides parrots there were many other birds in the woods. Some of these were of kinds that I had never seen before.

In the low grounds I saw some animals that looked like rabbits. There were others that I took to be foxes, but they were not such foxes as we have in England.

I traveled very slowly around the island, for I wished to see everything. Often I did not go more than two miles in a day.

At night I sometimes slept in a tree, while my dog watched below me. Sometimes I shut myself up in a little pen made by driving tall stakes into the ground. I felt quite safe, for nothing could come near me without waking me.

Along the seashore there were thousands of turtles and a great plenty of waterfowl.

I had no trouble to find all the food I needed. Sometimes I had a roast pigeon for dinner, sometimes the juicy meat of a turtle, sometimes that of a goat. No king could have fared better.

One day my dog caught a young kid. I ran and got hold of it, and would not let him hurt it.

I had a great mind to take it home with me. So I made a collar for it, and led it along by a string which I had in my pocket.

It was quite wild and did not lead well. It gave me so much trouble that I took it to my summer house and left it there.

I then went home to my castle.

I HARVEST MY GRAIN

(я собираю мое зерно = мой урожай)

I CANNOT tell you how glad I was to get to my old house again (я не могу сказать = передать вам, как рад я был попасть в мой старый дом вновь) and lie down in my good hammock bed (и лечь в мою кровать-гамак).

I had been away for nearly a month (меня не было /здесь/ почти месяц; to be away — уходить, отлучиться; отсутствовать: «быть прочь»).

I was so tired from my long journey (так устал: «был таким уставшим» от длинного путешествия) that I stayed in my castle nearly a week (что я остался в замке почти на неделю).

While I was thus resting myself (пока я так отдыхал), I made a cage for my parrot (я смастерил клетку для попугая) which I named Poll (которого я назвал Попка; poll — стандартная кличка для попугая). He was very gentle for a parrot (он был очень послушным/смирным для попугая; gentle — /уст./ благородный; мягкий, добрый; послушный, смирный /обычно о животных/), and soon became very fond of me (и вскоре стал любить меня: «стал очень любящим меня/привязанным ко мне»; to become — становиться; fond of smb., smth. — любящий кого-л., что-л.).

Then I began to think of the kid (затем я начал думать о козленке) that I had left in my summer bower (которого я оставил в беседке). So I went with my dog to fetch it (поэтому я пошел со своей собакой забрать его).

I found it where I had left it (я нашел его там, где оставил его; to leave — оставлять, покидать). It had eaten all the grass inside of the fence (он съел всю траву внутри ограды) and was now very hungry (и был теперь очень голоден).

I gave it as much as it wished (я дал ему ее /травы/ столько, сколько он хотел), and then I tied the string to it to lead it away (а затем привязал веревку к нему, чтобы увести его). But there was no need of that (но в том не было нужды), for it was quite tame (потому что он был вполне послушным; tame — прирученный, одомашненный; укрощенный /о животных/).

It followed me everywhere (он следовал за мной всюду). It was very gentle and loving (он был очень добрым/смирным и любящим).

I had now a number of pets (теперь у меня было несколько: «число» домашних животных; number — число; a number — некоторое количество, несколько) and was no longer lonesome (и я больше не был одиноким).

My life was much happier (моя жизнь была намного счастливее) than it had been while I was sailing the seas (чем она была, когда я плавал по морям). I took delight in many things (я радовался многим вещам: «брал отраду во многих вещах»; delight — радость, отрада) that I had never cared for before (на которые ранее я никогда не обращал внимания/к которм прежде был равнодушен; to care for smb., smth. — заботиться о ком-л., чем-л.; проявлять интерес, испытывать любовь/привязанность к кому-л., чему-л.).

My barley and rice had grown well (ячмень и рис выросли хорошо; to grow — расти) and in another month would be ready to be harvested (и через месяц будут готовы к тому, чтобы быть собранными; harvest — урожай; to harvest — снимать урожай).

But one day I saw that some animals had been in the field (но однажды я увидел, что некоторые животные побывали в поле). Goats and rabbits had trampled upon the green stalks (козы и кролики потоптали зеленые стебли) and had eaten the long blades of barley (и поели длинные листья ячменя).

If things kept on this way I should soon lose my grain (если так будет продолжаться, я вскоре потеряю мое зерно).

There was nothing to be done but to build a fence or hedge around the field (ничего не оставалось делать, как только построить забор или устроить живую изгородь вокруг поля; hedge — /живая/ изгородь; ограда). This was easy, for the field was not large (это было легко, так как поле не было большим).

I drove tall stakes into the ground all around my growing crops (я вбил длинные колья в землю вокруг моего растущего урожая; to drive — гнать; вгонять, вбивать). These stakes were so close together (они были так близко вместе = друг к другу) that not even a rabbit could get between them (что даже кролик не мог пробраться между них).

Then I tied my dog near the gate of the little field (затем я привязал собаку у ворот маленького поля), so that he would bark whenever any animal came near (так, чтобы она бы залаяла, когда какое-либо животное приблизится; whenever — всякий раз когда; когда бы ни).

My grain was now safe from the beasts (мое зерно было = мои злаки были теперь в безопасности от зверей). It grew fast (оно росло быстро). The barley sent out large heads (ячмень выпустил большие головки = колосья) which soon began to ripen (которые скоро начали зреть).

But now the birds came down in great flocks to rob me (но теперь птицы спускались большими стаями, чтобы грабить меня). They sat on the fence (они сидели на заборе), they flew among the stalks of grain (они летали между стеблями зерна; to fly — летать), they carried away all the ripe barley they could find (они уносили весь зрелый ячмень, который могли найти).

This troubled me very much (это беспокоило меня очень сильно). The most of the grain was still green (большая часть зерна была еще зеленой). But I feared that as soon as it ripened I should lose it all (но я боялся, что как только оно созреет, я потеряю его полностью).

I loaded my gun (я зарядил ружье) and went out to the field (и вышел в поле). There I saw the thieves (там я видел воров), sitting on the fence and watching me (сидящих на заборе и наблюдающих за мной). I was so angry (я был таким сердитым/раздраженным) that I fired right among them and killed three (что выстрелил прямо между ними и убил троих).

"Now I will show you how to steal my grain (сейчас я покажу вам, как воровать мое зерно)!" I cried.

I put up a long pole in the center of the field (я установил длинный шест в центре поля), and on top of it I hung the three dead birds (и на верхушке его повесил три мертвых птицы; to hang — вешать).

"This will I do to all that venture to come into my field (это я сделаю со всеми, кто решится зайти на мое поле)," I said.

Strange to say, this ended all my troubles (странно сказать, но это прекратило все мои горести). Not another bird came to that place so long as my scarecrows hung there (ни одна другая птица не приходила = не прилетала на это место, пока мои пугала висели там; scarecrow — пугало; to scare — пугать; crow — ворона). In fact, the birds went away from that part of the island, and I did not soon see another (на самом деле, птицы покинули эту часть острова, и я не скоро увидел другую = не скоро увидел других птиц).

thus [ðʌs], parrot [ˈpærǝt], delight [dɪˈlaɪt], lose [lu:z], angry [ˈænɡrɪ], scarecrow [ˈskeǝkrǝu]

I HARVEST MY GRAIN

I CANNOT tell you how glad I was to get to my old house again and lie down in my good hammock bed.

I had been away for nearly a month. I was so tired from my long journey that I stayed in my castle nearly a week.

While I was thus resting myself, I made a cage for my parrot which I named Poll. He was very gentle for a parrot, and soon became very fond of me.

Then I began to think of the kid that I had left in my summer bower. So I went with my dog to fetch it.

I found it where I had left it. It had eaten all the grass inside of the fence and was now very hungry.

I gave it as much as it wished, and then I tied the string to it to lead it away. But there was no need of that, for it was quite tame.

It followed me everywhere. It was very gentle and loving.

I had now a number of pets and was no longer lonesome.

My life was much happier than it had been while I was sailing the seas. I took delight in many things that I had never cared for before.

My barley and rice had grown well and in another month would be ready to be harvested.

But one day I saw that some animals had been in the field. Goats and rabbits had trampled upon the green stalks and had eaten the long blades of barley.

If things kept on this way I should soon lose my grain.

There was nothing to be done but to build a fence or hedge around the field. This was easy, for the field was not large.

I drove tall stakes into the ground all around my growing crops. These stakes were so close together that not even a rabbit could get between them.

Then I tied my dog near the gate of the little field, so that he would bark whenever any animal came near.

My grain was now safe from the beasts. It grew fast. The barley sent out large heads which soon began to ripen.

But now the birds came down in great flocks to rob me. They sat on the fence, they flew among the stalks of grain, they carried away all the ripe barley they could find.

This troubled me very much. The most of the grain was still green. But I feared that as soon as it ripened I should lose it all.

I loaded my gun and went out to the field. There I saw the thieves, sitting on the fence and watching me. I was so angry that I fired right among them and killed three.

"Now I will show you how to steal my grain!" I cried.

I put up a long pole in the center of the field, and on top of it I hung the three dead birds.

"This will I do to all that venture to come into my field," I said.

Strange to say, this ended all my troubles. Not another bird came to that place so long as my scarecrows hung there. In fact, the birds went away from that part of the island, and I did not soon see another.

I WORK UNDER MANY DIFFICULTIES

(я работаю в трудных условиях: «под многими сложностями»)

MY barley ripened (мой ячмень созрел) and was ready to be harvested (был готов быть собранным). I had neither scythe nor sickle to cut it down (у меня не было ни косы, ни серпа, чтобы срезать его).

But you will remember that I had two old swords which I had found in the ship (но вы вспомните, что я имел две шпаги, которые я нашел на корабле).

With one of the swords I cut off the heads of the barley and dropped them into a big basket I had made (одной шпагой я срезал колосья ячменя и бросал их в большую корзину, /которую/ я сделал). I carried these heads into my cave (я относил колосья в мою пещеру) and thrashed out the grain with my hands (и молотил зерно руками).

When all my harvesting was done (когда весь сбор урожая был закончен: «был сделан»), I measured the grain (я взвесил зерно; to measure — измерять, мерить). I had two bushels of rice (у меня было два бушеля[5] риса) and two bushels and a half of barley (и два с половиной бушеля ячменя).

This pleased me very much (это очень меня порадовало). I felt now that I should soon be able to raise grain enough for food (я чувствовал теперь, что скоро смогу вырастить достаточно зерна для еды).

Have you ever thought how many things are necessary for the making of your bread (вы когда-нибудь думали, сколько вещей необходимы для приготовления хлеба)?

You have nothing to do but eat the bread after others have made it (вы не знаете других забот, как /только/ есть хлеб после того, как другие сделали его). But I had to sow (но я должен был сеять), to reap (жать), to thrash (молотить), to grind (молоть), to sift (просеивать), to mix (смешивать), and to bake (и печь).

To do all these I needed many tools (чтобы проделать все это, мне нужно было много инструментов).

I had no plow to turn up the ground (у меня не было плуга, чтобы вскапывать землю; to turn up — поднимать вверх; загибать; вскапывать; вспахивать; to turn — поворачивать, переворачивать). I had no spade nor shovel with which to dig it (у меня не было ни лопаты, ни мотыги, которыми копать ее). But with great labor (с большим трудом) I made me a wooden spade (я смастерил себе деревянную лопату), which was better than nothing (которая была лучше, чем ничего).

After the ground was turned up (после того, как земля была вскопана), I sowed the seed by scattering it with my hands (я посеял зерно, разбрасывая его руками; to scatter — разбрасывать, раскидывать; рассыпать). But it must be covered so it would grow (но оно должно быть накрыто /землей/, чтобы оно росло), and I had no harrow (а у меня не было бороны). I cut down the branch of a tree (я срезал ветку дерева), and dragged it over the field (и протащил ее по полю; to drag — тянуть, тащить, волочить). This, I think, was the way that people in old times harrowed their ground (это, я думаю, был способ, каким люди в старые времена боронили землю).

The third thing to be done was to build a fence around my field (третье дело, которое нужно было сделать, было построить забор вокруг поля). After that came the reaping (после этого пришла жатва), the curing (заготовка), the carrying home (доставка домой), the thrashing (молотьба), the parting of the grain from the chaff (отделение зерна от мякины), the grinding (помол).

I needed a mill to do the grinding (мне нужна была мельница, чтобы молоть). I needed a sieve to sift the flour (сито, чтобы просеивать муку). I needed yeast and salt to mix with the dough (мне нужны были дрожжи и соль, чтобы смешать /их/ с тестом). I needed an oven to bake it (мне нужна была печь, чтобы испечь его).

I had to do without the most of these things (мне приходилось обходиться без большинства этих вещей). And this made my work very slow and hard (и это делало мою работу очень медленной и тяжелой; hard — жесткий; тяжелый /о работе/).

I was very lucky in having saved so many tools from the wreck (мне повезло, /что я/ сохранил так много инструментов с остова разбитого судна), and for this I was indeed thankful (и за это я в самом деле был благодарен). What a hard case I would have been in if I had saved nothing at all (в каком затруднительном положении: «жестком/тяжелом случае» был бы я, если бы не сохранил/не спас ничего вообще)!

From time to time (время от времени), as I felt the need of things (когда чувствовал необходимость вещей = в какой-либо вещи) I made a number of tools that served me very well (я делал ряд инструментов, которые служили мне очень хорошо). They were not such tools as you would buy at the store (они не были такими инструментами, которые вы бы купили в магазине), but what did it matter (но имело ли это значение)?

I have already told you about the shovel which I made from a piece of hard wood (я уже рассказал вам о лопате, которую я сделал из куска твердого дерева). Next to the shovel I needed a pickax most of all (после лопаты мне больше всего нужна была киркомотыга).

Among the many things that I had saved from the wreck (среди многих вещей, которые я сохранил с разбитого корабля), I found an old crowbar (я нашел старый лом). This I heated in the fire until it was almost white hot (я нагрел его на огне, пока он не стал почти белым от жара; hot — горячий; жаркий; разогретый; накаленный).

I then found that I could bend it quite easily (затем я обнаружил, что мог согнуть его довольно легко). Little by little I shaped it until I had made quite a good pickax of it (мало-помалу я придавал ему /нужную/ форму, пока я не сделал из него довольно хорошую киркомотыгу; shape — форма; to shape — придавать форму, формировать; делать по какому-л. образцу). Of course, it was heavy and not at all pretty (конечно, она была тяжелой и совсем не красивой). But who would look for beauty in a pickax (но кто бы стал искать красоту в киркомотыге)?

I at first felt the need of some light baskets (на первых порах я чувствовал необходимость = мне не хватало легких корзин) in which to carry my fruit and grain (в которых /мог бы/ носить мои плоды и зерно). So I began to study how baskets are made (поэтому я стал теперь изучать, как делаются/сделаны корзины; to study — изучать, исследовать /внимательно, тщательно/; рассматривать, обдумывать, взвешивать).

It was not until I had searched almost every nook on the island (только после того, как я обыскал каждый уголок острова) that I found some long slender twigs (я нашел длинные гибкие прутья) that would bend to make wicker ware (которые бы гнулись, чтобы сделать ивовую лозу = которые можно было гнуть, как ивовую лозу; wicker — ивовый прут, лоза; ware — изделия). Then I spent many an hour learning how to weave these twigs together (затем я провел много часов, учась, как сплетать эти прутья вместе) and shape them into the form of a basket (и придавать им форму корзины).

In the end (в конце концов), however (тем не менее), I was able to make as good baskets as were ever bought in the market (я был способен делать такие хорошие корзины, которые когда-либо покупались на рынке).

I had quite a goodly number of edge tools (у меня было довольно большое количество режущих инструментов; goodly — большой, большого размера; крупный, внушительный). Among these there were three large axes (среди них было три больших топора) and a great store of hatchets (и большой запас топориков); for you will remember that we carried hatchets to trade with the savages (так как вы должны помнить, что мы везли топорики, чтобы торговать/обмениваться с дикарями). I had also many knives (у меня было также много ножей).

But all these became very dull with use (но все они стали тупыми от использования). I had saved a grindstone from the wreck (я спас точильный камень с остова корабля), but I could not turn it and grind my tools at the same time (но не мог крутить его и точить инструменты в одно и то же время).

I studied hard to overcome this difficulty (я напряженно думал, как преодолеть эту трудность). At last (наконец), I managed to fasten a string to the crank of the grindstone in such a way that I could turn it with my foot (мне удалось прикрепить веревку к ручке точильного камня так, что я мог вертеть его ногой).

My tools were soon sharp, and I kept them so (мои инструменты вскоре были острыми, и я держал их такими = поддерживал в таком состоянии).

ripen [ˈraɪp(ǝ)n], scythe [ˈsaɪð], sword [sɔ:d], measure [ˈmeʒǝ], bushel [buʃl], necessary [ˈnesǝs(ǝ)rɪ], thrash [Ɵræʃ], harrow [ˈhærǝu], field [fi:ld], flour [ˈflauǝ], yeast [ji:st], salt [sɔ:lt], dough [ˈdǝu], until [ǝnˈtɪl], axe [æks], manage [ˈmænɪʤ], fasten [fɑ:sn]

I WORK UNDER MANY DIFFICULTIES

MY barley ripened and was ready to be harvested. I had neither scythe nor sickle to cut it down.

But you will remember that I had two old swords which I had found in the ship. With one of the swords I cut off the heads of the barley and dropped them into a big basket I had made. I carried these heads into my cave and thrashed out the grain with my hands.

When all my harvesting was done, I measured the grain. I had two bushels of rice and two bushels and a half of barley.

This pleased me very much. I felt now that I should soon be able to raise grain enough for food.

Have you ever thought how many things are necessary for the making of your bread?

You have nothing to do but eat the bread after others have made it. But I had to sow, to reap, to thrash, to grind, to sift, to mix, and to bake.

To do all these I needed many tools.

I had no plow to turn up the ground. I had no spade nor shovel with which to dig it. But with great labor I made me a wooden spade, which was better than nothing.

After the ground was turned up, I sowed the seed by scattering it with my hands. But it must be covered so it would grow, and I had no harrow. I cut down the branch of a tree, and dragged it over the field. This, I think, was the way that people in old times harrowed their ground.

The third thing to be done was to build a fence around my field. After that came the reaping, the curing, the carrying home, the thrashing, the parting of the grain from the chaff, the grinding.

I needed a mill to do the grinding. I needed a sieve to sift the flour. I needed yeast and salt to mix with the dough. I needed an oven to bake it.

I had to do without the most of these things. And this made my work very slow and hard.

I was very lucky in having saved so many tools from the wreck, and for this I was indeed thankful. What a hard case I would have been in if I had saved nothing at all!

From time to time, as I felt the need of things I made a number of tools that served me very well. They were not such tools as you would buy at the store, but what did it matter?

I have already told you about the shovel which I made from a piece of hard wood. Next to the shovel I needed a pickax most of all.

Among the many things that I had saved from the wreck, I found an old crowbar. This I heated in the fire until it was almost white hot.

I then found that I could bend it quite easily. Little by little I shaped it until I had made quite a good pickax of it. Of course, it was heavy and not at all pretty. But who would look for beauty in a pickax?

I at first felt the need of some light baskets in which to carry my fruit and grain. So I began to study how baskets are made.

It was not until I had searched almost every nook on the island that I found some long slender twigs that would bend to make wicker ware. Then I spent many an hour learning how to weave these twigs together and shape them into the form of a basket.

In the end, however, I was able to make as good baskets as were ever bought in the market.

I had quite a goodly number of edge tools. Among these there were three large axes and a great store of hatchets; for you will remember that we carried hatchets to trade with the savages. I had also many knives.

But all these became very dull with use. I had saved a grindstone from the wreck, but I could not turn it and grind my tools at the same time.

I studied hard to overcome this difficulty. At last, I managed to fasten a string to the crank of the grindstone in such a way that I could turn it with my foot.

My tools were soon sharp, and I kept them so.

I BECOME A POTTER

(я становлюсь гончаром)

WHEN it came to making bread (когда предстояло делать хлеб: «когда пришло к деланью = иготовлению хлеба»), I found that I needed several vessels (я обнаружил = понял, что мне нужно несколько сосудов). In fact, I needed them in many ways (на самом деле, они нужны были мне по многим причинам).

It would be hard to make wooden vessels (было бы тяжело делать деревянные сосуды). Of course it was out of the question to make vessels of iron or any other metal (конечно, было вне вопроса = было совершенно невозможно сделать сосуды из железа или любого другого металла). But why might I not make some earthen vessels (но почему не мог я сделать несколько глиняных сосудов)?

If I could find some good clay (если бы я смог найти хорошую глину), I felt quite sure that I could make pots strong enough to be of use (я чувствовал полную уверенность, что я смогу делать горшки достаточно крепкими, чтобы быть годными к использованию/полезными).

After much trouble I found the clay (после многих трудностей я нашел глину). The next thing was to shape it into pots or jars (следующей вещью = задачей придать ей форму горшков или кувшинов).

You would have laughed to see the first things I tried to make (вы бы посмеялись, увидев первые вещи, которые я попытался сделать). How ugly they were (какими уродливыми они были)!

Some of them fell in pieces of their own weight (некоторые их них распадались на кусочки от собственного веса). Some of them fell in pieces when I tried to lift them (некоторые их них распадались на кусочки, когда я пытался поднять их).

They were of all shapes and sizes (они были всех форм и размеров = самых разнообразных форм и размеров).

After I had worked two months I had only two large jars (после того, как я проработал два месяца, у меня было только два больших кувшина) that were fit to look at (на которые можно было смотреть; fit — подходящий, подобающий). These I used for holding my rice and barley meal (их я использовал для хранения рисовой и ячменной еды).

Then I tried some smaller things, and did quite well (хзатем я попытался /сделать/ несколько более мелких вещей, и сделал довольно хорошо).

I made some plates (я сделал несколько тарелок), a pitcher (кувшин), and some little jars that would hold about a pint (и несколько маленьких кувшинов, которые удерживали около пинты[6]).

All these I baked in the hot sun (их всех я обжег на горячем солнце). They kept their shape (они сохранили свою форму), and seemed quite hard (и казались довольно крепкими). But of course they would not hold water or bear the heat of the fire (но, конечно, они не удержали бы воды и не выдержали бы жара огня).

One day when I was cooking my meat for dinner (однажды, когда я готовил мясо на обед), I made a very hot fire (я сделал = развел очень жаркий огонь/костер). When I was done with it (когда я закончил это = приготовление ужина), I raked down the coals (я разгреб угли) and poured water on it to put it out (и налил на костер воды, чтобы загасить его).

It so happened that one of my little earthenware jars had fallen into the fire and been broken (так случилось, что один из моих глиняных кувшинов упал в огонь и разбился). I had not taken it out (я не вытащил его), but had left it in the hot flames (а оставил его в горячем пламени; to leave — оставлять).

Now, as I was raking out the coals (так вот, когда я разгребал угли), I found some pieces of it and was surprised at the sight of them (я нашел несколько кусочков его /кувшина/ и был удивлен их видом), for they were burned as hard as stones and as red as tiles (потому что они спеклись /и стали/ крепкими, как камни, и красными, как черепица).

"If broken pieces will burn so (если разбитые куски обжигаются так)," said I, "why cannot a whole jar be made as hard and as red as these (почему целый кувшин не может быть сделан таким же твердым и красным, как эти)?"

I had never seen potters at work (я никогда не видел гончаров за работой). I did not know how to build a kiln for firing the pots (я не знал, как построить печь для обжига горшков). I had never heard how earthenware is glazed (я никогда не слышал, как глазируется глина).

But I made up my mind to see what could be done (но я решил посмотреть, что может быть сделано; to make up one's mind to do smth. — принять решение, решиться /сделать что-л./).

I put several pots and small jars in a pile (я поставил несколько горшков и кувшинов в кучу), one upon another (один на другой). I laid dry wood all over and about them (я положил сухое дерево над и вокруг), and then set it on fire (м затем поджег это).

As fast as the wood burned up (как только дерево прогорало), I heaped other pieces upon the fire (я бросал новые деревяшки в огонь; heap — груда, куча, масса; to heap — бросать в кучу, складывать в кучу, нагромождать). The hot flames roared all round the jars and pots (пламя шумело = бушевало вокруг кувшинов и горшков; to roar — реветь, орать; рычать). The red coals burned beneath them (красные угли горели под ними).

I kept the fire going all day (я поддерживал огонь весь день). I could see the pots become red-hot through and through (я мог видеть, как горшки становятся раскаленно-красными совершенно; through — насквозь; совершенно). The sand on the side of a little jar began to melt and run (песок в стороне от маленького кувшина начал плавиться и течь).

After that I let the fire go down (после этого я позволил огню потухнуть), little by little (мало-помалу). I watched it all night (я смотрел/следил за ним всю ночь), for I did not wish the pots and jars to cool too quickly (потому что я не хотел, чтобы горшки и кувшины остывали слишком быстро).

In the morning I found that I had three very good earthen pots (утром я обнаружил, что у меня были три очень хороших глиняных горшка). They were not at all pretty (они вовсе не были красивыми), but they were as hard as rocks (но они были тверды как камень; rock — скала) and would hold water (и могли: «будут» удержать воду).

I had two fine jars also (у меня также было два прекрасных кувшина), and one of them was well glazed with the melted sand (и один из них был хорошо глазированный расплавленным песком).

After this I made all the pots and jars and plates and pans that I needed (после этого я сделал все горшки, кувшины, тарелки и миски, которые были нужны). They were of all shapes and sizes (они были всех форм и размеров).

You would have laughed to see them (вы бы посмеялись, увидев их).

Of course I was awkward at this work (конечно, я был неуклюжим/неловким при этой работе). I was like a child making mud pies (я был подобен ребенку, делающий пироги из грязи).

But how glad I was when I found that I had a vessel that would bear the fire (но как рад я был, когда обнаружил, что у меня был сосуд, который вынес бы огонь)! I could hardly wait to put some water in it and boil me some meat (я едва мог ждать, чтобы налить воды в него и сварить себе мясо).

That night I had turtle soup (в тот вечер у меня были черепаховый суп; night — ночь; вечер) and barley broth for supper (ячменная похлебка на ужин).

question [ˈkwestʃ(ǝ)n], metal [ˈmet(ǝ)l], ugly [ˈʌɡlɪ], bear [ˈbeǝ], fire [ˈfaɪǝ], earthenware [ˈǝ:Ɵ(ǝ)nweǝ], piece [pi:s], burn [bǝ:n], broth [brɔƟ]

I BECOME A POTTER

WHEN it came to making bread, I found that I needed several vessels. In fact, I needed them in many ways. It would be hard to make wooden vessels. Of course it was out of the question to make vessels of iron or any other metal. But why might I not make some earthen vessels?

If I could find some good clay, I felt quite sure that I could make pots strong enough to be of use.

After much trouble I found the clay. The next thing was to shape it into pots or jars.

You would have laughed to see the first things I tried to make. How ugly they were!

Some of them fell in pieces of their own weight. Some of them fell in pieces when I tried to lift them.

They were of all shapes and sizes.

After I had worked two months I had only two large jars that were fit to look at. These I used for holding my rice and barley meal.

Then I tried some smaller things, and did quite well.

I made some plates, a pitcher, and some little jars that would hold about a pint.

All these I baked in the hot sun. They kept their shape, and seemed quite hard. But of course they would not hold water or bear the heat of the fire.

One day when I was cooking my meat for dinner, I made a very hot fire. When I was done with it, I raked down the coals and poured water on it to put it out.

It so happened that one of my little earthenware jars had fallen into the fire and been broken. I had not taken it out, but had left it in the hot flames.

Now, as I was raking out the coals, I found some pieces of it and was surprised at the sight of them, for they were burned as hard as stones and as red as tiles.

"If broken pieces will burn so," said I, "why cannot a whole jar be made as hard and as red as these?"

I had never seen potters at work. I did not know how to build a kiln for firing the pots. I had never heard how earthenware is glazed.

But I made up my mind to see what could be done.

I put several pots and small jars in a pile, one upon another. I laid dry wood all over and about them, and then set it on fire.

As fast as the wood burned up, I heaped other pieces upon the fire. The hot flames roared all round the jars and pots. The red coals burned beneath them.

I kept the fire going all day. I could see the pots become red-hot through and through. The sand on the side of a little jar began to melt and run.

After that I let the fire go down, little by little. I watched it all night, for I did not wish the pots and jars to cool too quickly.

In the morning I found that I had three very good earthen pots. They were not at all pretty, but they were as hard as rocks and would hold water.

I had two fine jars also, and one of them was well glazed with the melted sand.

After this I made all the pots and jars and plates and pans that I needed. They were of all shapes and sizes.

You would have laughed to see them.

Of course I was awkward at this work. I was like a child making mud pies.

But how glad I was when I found that I had a vessel that would bear the fire! I could hardly wait to put some water in it and boil me some meat.

That night I had turtle soup and barley broth for supper.

I BUILD A BIG CANOE

(я мастерю большое каноэ)

WHILE I was doing these things I was always trying to think of some way to escape from the island (пока я делал эти вещи, я постоянно пытался подумать о каком-то пути /как/ сбежать с острова).

True (правда), I was living there with much comfort (я жил там с большим удобствами). I was happier than I had ever been while sailing the seas (я был счастливее, чем был когда-либо, пока плавал по морям = чем когда плавал по морям).

But I longed to see other men (но я очень хотел увидеть других людей). I longed for home and friends (я очень хотел увидеть дом и друзей; to long for smth. — очень хотеть, страстно желать чего-л., стремиться к чему-л.).

You will remember that when I was over at the farther side of the island (вы, наверное, помните, что когда я был на дальней стороне острова) I had seen land in the distance (я видел на расстоянии/в отдалении землю). Fifty or sixty miles of water lay between me and that land (пятьдесят или шестьдесят миль воды лежало между мной и той землей). Yet I was always wishing that I could reach it (но я всегда желал, чтобы я мог достичь ее).

It was a foolish wish (это глупое желание). For there was no telling what I might find on that distant shore (потому что трудно было предположить, что я мог бы найти на том далеком берегу; distant — отдаленный).

Perhaps it was a far worse place than my little island (возможно, это было намного худшее место, чем мой маленький остров). Perhaps there were savage beasts there (возможно, там были дикие звери). Perhaps wild men lived there who would kill me and eat me (возможно, дикие люди жили там, которые могли убить меня и съесть).

I thought of all these things (я думал обо всех этих вещах); but I was willing to risk every kind of danger rather than stay where I was (но я желал скорее рискнуть любой опасностью = пойти на любую опасность, чем оставаться, где я был).

At last I made up my mind to build a boat (наконец я решил построить лодку). It should be large enough to carry me and all that belonged to me (она должна быть достаточно большой, чтобы перевезти меня и все, что принадлежало мне). It should be strong enough to stand a long voyage over stormy seas (она должна быть достаточно крепкой, чтобы выдержать долгое иутешествие по штормящим морям).

I had seen the great canoes which Indians sometimes make of the trunks of trees (я видел большие каноэ, которые индейцы иногда делают из стволов деревьев). I would make one of the same kind (я захотел сделать каноэ того же вида).

In the woods I found a cedar tree (в лесу я нашел кедр) which I thought was just the right thing for my canoe (который, я думал, был как раз подходящим для моего каноэ).

It was a huge tree (это было огромное дерево). Its trunk was more than five feet through at the bottom (его ствол был более пяти футов в диаметре у нижней части; through — через, сквозь).

I chopped and hewed many days before it fell to the ground (я рубил и разрубал много дней, прежде чем он упал на землю; to chop — отрезать, отрубать; рубить; крошить; to hew — разрубать, рассекать, рубить). It took two weeks to cut a log of the right length from it (потребовалось две недели, чтобы вырезать из него бревно нужной длины).

Then I went to work on the log (затем я приступил к работе над бревном). I chopped and hewed (я рубил и вырубал) and shaped the outside into the form of a canoe (и придал ему снаружи форму каноэ: «и сформировал его наружную часть в форму каноэ»). With hatchet and chisel I hollowed out the inside (топориком и долотом я выдолбил полость внутри /бревна/; hollow — пустой, полый; to hollow /out/ — выкапывать, выдалбливать).

For full three months I worked on that cedar log (полных три месяца я работал над этой кедровым бревном). I was both proud and glad when the canoe was finished (я был и горд, и рад, когда каноэ было закончено; both — оба; и то, и другое). I had never seen so big a boat made from a single tree (я никогда не видел такой большой лодки, сделанной из одного /целого/ дерева; single — один; единственный; целый; не разделенный /на части/).

It was well shaped and handsome (она была изящной: «хорошо сформированной = хорошей формы» и красивой/стройной). More than twenty men might find room to sit in it (более двадцати человек могли бы найти место, чтобы сесть в ней = могли бы поместиться в ней).

But now the hardest question of all must be answered (но теперь самый сложный из всех вопросов должен быть отвечен).

How was I to get my canoe into the water (как я смогу доставить мое каноэ на воду: «в воду»)?

It lay not more than three hundred feet from the little river (оно лежало не более чем в трехстах футах от речки; to lie — лежать; находиться) where I had first landed with my raft (где я впервые причалил с моим плотом).

But how was I to move it three hundred feet, or even one foot (но как я должен был сдвинуть его на триста футов, или даже на один фут)? It was so heavy that I could not even roll it over (оно было таким тяжелым, что я не мог даже перевернуть: «перекатить» его; to roll — катить).

I thought of several plans (я придумал несколько планов). But when I came to reckon the time and the labor (но когда я подошел к подсчету времени и труда), I found that even by the easiest plan it would take twenty years to get the canoe into the water (я обнаружил, что даже при самом простом плане потребовалось бы двадцать лет, чтобы спустить каноэ на воду).

What could I do but leave it in the woods where it lay (что мог я сделать, кроме как оставить его в лесу, где оно лежало)?

How foolish I had been (каким глупым/неразумным я был)! Why had I not thought of the weight of the canoe before going to the labor of making it (почему я не подумал о весе каноэ, перед тем как начать работу по созданию его)?

The wise man will always look before he leaps (мудрый человек всегда посмотрит, прежде чем прыгнет). I certainly had not acted wisely (я определенно не действовал мудро = сделал глупость).

I went back to my castle (я вернулся в мой замок), feeling sad and thoughtful (чувствуя себе грустным и задумчивым).

Why should I be discontented and unhappy (почему я должен быть неудовлетворенным и несчастным)?

I was the master of all that I saw (я был владельцем всего, что я видел). I might call myself the king of the island (я мог назвать себя королем острова).

I had all the comforts of life (у меня были все удобства жизни).

I had food in plenty (у меня была еда в изобилии).

I might raise shiploads of grain (я мог бы вырастить корабли зерна; shipload — судовой груз), but there was no market for it (но для него не было рынка).

I had thousands of trees for timber and fuel (у меня были тысячи деревьев для древесины топлива), but no one wished to buy (но никто не хотел покупать).

I counted the money which I had brought from the ship (я пересчитал деньги, которые я принес с корабля). There were above a hundred pieces of gold and silver (свыше ста монет золота и серебра); but of what use were they (но какая польза от них)?

I would have given all for a handful of peas or beans to plant (я отдал бы все за горсть гороха и бобов /которые можно было бы/ посеять). I would have given all for a bottle of ink (я отдал бы все за бутылку чернил).

escape [ɪsˈkeɪp], reach [ri:tʃ], distant [ˈdɪst(ǝ)nt], danger [ˈdeɪnʤǝ], enough [ɪˈnʌf], canoe [kǝˈnu:], chisel [ˈtʃɪz(ǝ)l], discontented [ˌdɪskǝnˈtentɪd], market [ˈmɑ:kɪt], fuel [ˈfju:ǝl]

I BUILD A BIG CANOE

WHILE I was doing these things I was always trying to think of some way to escape from the island. True, I was living there with much comfort. I was happier than I had ever been while sailing the seas.

But I longed to see other men. I longed for home and friends.

You will remember that when I was over at the farther side of the island I had seen land in the distance. Fifty or sixty miles of water lay between me and that land. Yet I was always wishing that I could reach it.

It was a foolish wish. For there was no telling what I might find on that distant shore.

Perhaps it was a far worse place than my little island. Perhaps there were savage beasts there. Perhaps wild men lived there who would kill me and eat me.

I thought of all these things; but I was willing to risk every kind of danger rather than stay where I was.

At last I made up my mind to build a boat. It should be large enough to carry me and all that belonged to me. It should be strong enough to stand a long voyage over stormy seas.

I had seen the great canoes which Indians sometimes make of the trunks of trees. I would make one of the same kind.

In the woods I found a cedar tree which I thought was just the right thing for my canoe.

It was a huge tree. Its trunk was more than five feet through at the bottom.

I chopped and hewed many days before it fell to the ground. It took two weeks to cut a log of the right length from it.

Then I went to work on the log. I chop and hewed and shaped the outside into the form of a canoe. With hatchet and chisel I hollowed out the inside.

For full three months I worked on that cedar log. I was both proud and glad when the canoe was finished. I had never seen so big a boat made from a single tree.

It was well shaped and handsome. More than twenty men might find room to sit in it.

But now the hardest question of all must answered.

How was I to get my canoe into the water?

It lay not more than three hundred feet from the little river where I had first landed with my raft.

But how was I to move it three hundred feet, or even one foot? It was so heavy that I could not even roll it over.

I thought of several plans. But when I came to reckon the time and the labor, I found that even by the easiest plan it would take twenty years to get the canoe into the water.

What could I do but leave it in the woods where it lay?

How foolish I had been! Why had I not thought of the weight of the canoe before going to the labor of making it?

The wise man will always look before he leaps. I certainly had not acted wisely.

I went back to my castle, feeling sad and thoughtful.

Why should I be discontented and unhappy?

I was the master of all that I saw. I might call myself the king of the island.

I had all the comforts of life.

I had food in plenty.

I might raise shiploads of grain, but there was no market for it.

I had thousands of trees for timber and fuel, but no one wished to buy.

I counted the money which I had brought from the ship. There were above a hundred pieces of gold and silver; but of what use were they?

I would have given all for a handful of peas or beans to plant. I would have given all for a bottle of ink.

I MAKE AN UMBRELLA

(я делаю зонтик)

AS the years went by (пока проходили годы) the things which I had brought from the ship were used up or worn out (вещи, которые я принес с корабля, использовались /до конца/ и износились; to wear — носить /обувь, одежду/; to wear out — изнашивать).

My biscuits lasted more than a year (моего печенья хватило более чем на год); for I ate only one cake each day (так как я ел только одно печенье каждый день; cake — кекс; пирожное; торт).

My ink soon gave out (чернила вскоре иссякли; to give out — иссякать, кончаться /о запасах, силах и т. п./), and then I had no more use for pens or paper (и затем = в дальнейшем я не мог больше использовать перья и бумагу).

At last my clothes were all worn out (наконец, одежда моя была вся изношена).

The weather was always warm on my island (погода была всегда/постоянно теплой на моем острове) and there was little need for clothes (и была малая необходимость в одежде). But I could not go without them (но я не мог обходиться без нее; to go without smth. — обходиться без /чего-л./, мириться с отсутствием /чего-л./).

It so happened that I had saved the skins of all the animals I had killed (так случилось, что я сохранял шкуры всех животных, /которых/ я убил).

I stretched every skin on a framework of sticks (я растягивал каждую шкуру на каркасе из палок) and hung it up in the sun to dry (и вешал на солнце сушиться).

In time I had a great many of these skins (со временем у меня было = скопилось очень много этих шкур). Some were coarse (некоторые были грубыми) and stiff (и жесткими; stiff — тугой, негибкий, неэластичный, жесткий) and fit for nothing (и не подходили ни для чего; fit — подходящий, годный, пригодный). Others were soft to the touch and very pretty to look at (другие были мягкие на ощупь и приятные глазу: «и очень симпатичные, чтобы смотреть на них»).

One day I took one of the finest and made me a cap of it (однажды я взял одну из лучших и сделал себе шапочку из нее). I left all the hair on the outside (я оставил всю шерсть: «волосы» снаружи: «на наружней стороне»), so as to shoot off the rain (так, чтобы сбрасывать дождь = защищаться от дождя).

It was not very pretty (она была не очень красивой); but it was of great use (но была очень полезна: «была большой пользы»), and what more did I want (а чего же больше мне было желать)?

I did so well with the cap that I thought I would try something else (у меня получилось так хорошо с шапочкой, что я подумал, что я бы попытался что-нибудь еще /сделать/). So, after a great deal of trouble (после многих мучений/трудностей), I made me a whole suit (я сделал себе целый костюм).

I made me a waistcoat (я сделал жилет) and a pair of knee breeches (и пару бриджей; knee — колено; breeches — штаны, брюки). I wanted them to keep me cool rather than warm (я хотел, чтобы они «держали» меня скорее в прохладе, чем в тепле). So I made them quite loose (поэтому я сделал их довольно свободными; loose — свободный; непривязанный, неприкрепленный; просторный, широкий /об одежде/).

You would have laughed to see them (вы бы посмеялись, увидев их). They were funny things, I tell you (это были забавные вещи, скажу я вам). But when I went out in the rain (но когда я выходил наружу под дождь), they kept me dry (они не давали мне промокнуть: «сохраняли меня сухим»).

This, I think, put me in mind of an umbrella (это, я думаю, подсказало мне идею сделать зонт).

I had seen umbrellas in Brazil (я видел зонты в Бразилии), although they were not yet common in England (хотя они еще не были еще распространены в Англии; common — общий, всеобщий; общепринятый, распространенный). They were of much use in the summer when the sun shone hot (они были очень полезны летом, когда солнце светило жарко; to shine — светить).

I thought that if they were good in Brazil (я подумал, что если они были хороши в Бразилии), they would be still better here (они будут еще лучше здесь), where the sun was much hotter (где солнце было намного жарче).

So I set about the making of one (поэтому я приступил к тому, чтобы делать зонт).

I took great pains with it (это потребовало больших усилий от меня; pain — боль; мука), and it was a long time before it pleased me at all (и прошло долгое время, прежде чем он понравился мне вообще).

I could make it spread (я мог развернуть его: «заставить его развернуться»; to spread — развертывать/ся/), but it did not let down (но он не складывался: «не опускался»). And what would be the use of an umbrella that could not be folded (и какая была бы польза от зонта, который нельзя было бы сложить: «который не мог быть сложенным»)?

I do not know how many weeks I spent at this work (не знаю, сколько недель я провел за этой работой). It was play work rather than anything else (это была скорее игровая работа = легкая работа/развлечение, чем что-то другое), and I picked it up only at odd times (и я подхватывал ее только в свободное время; odd — нечетный; случайный, нерегулярный).

At last I had an umbrella that opened and shut (в конце концов у меня был зонт, который открывался и закрывался) just as an umbrella should (именно так, как зонт должен = как полагается зонту).

I covered it with skins (я покрыл его шкурами), with the hair on the outside (шерстью наружу). In the rain it was as good as a shed (в дождь он был столь же хорош, как навес). In the sun it made a pleasant shade (на солнце он давал приятную тень).

I could now go out in all kinds of weather (я мог теперь выходить в любую погоду). I need not care whether the rain fell or the sun shone (мне не приходилось беспокоиться, шел: «падал» ли дождь или светило солнце).

For the next five years I lived very quietly (следующие пять лет я жил очень спокойно). I kept always busy (я всегда находил занятие) and did not allow myself to feel lonely (и не позволял себе чувствовать себя одиноким).

I divided each day into parts according to my several duties (я делил каждый день на части в соответствии с рядом моих обязанностей; several — некоторые, несколько).

After reading in my Bible (после чтения Библии), it was my custom to spend about three hours every morning in search of food (моей привычкой было проводить примерно три часа каждое утро в поисках еды). Through the heat of the day (во время дневной жары), I busied myself in the shade of my castle or bower (я занимался = работал в тени замка или беседки).

In the evening, when the sun was low (вечером, когда солнце было низким), I worked in my fields (я работал на полях). But sometimes I went to work very early in the morning (но иногда я шел работать очень рано утром) and left my hunting until the afternoon (и оставлял охоту до послеобеденного времени).

umbrella [ʌmˈbrelǝ], hair [ˈheǝ], pretty [ˈprɪtɪ], whole [ˈhǝul], suit [sju:t], rather [ˈrɑ:ðǝ], common [ˈkɔmǝn], busy [ˈbɪzɪ], divide [dɪˈvaɪd], duty [ˈdju:tɪ], custom [ˈkʌstǝm]

I MAKE AN UMBRELLA

AS the years went by the things which I had brought from the ship were used up or worn out. My biscuits lasted more than a year; for I ate only one cake each day.

My ink soon gave out, and then I had no more use for pens or paper.

At last my clothes were all worn out.

The weather was always warm on my island and there was little need for clothes. But I could not go without them.

It so happened that I had saved the skins of all the animals I had killed.

I stretched every skin on a framework of sticks, and hung it up in the sun to dry.

In time I had a great many of these skins. Some were coarse and stiff and fit for nothing. Others were soft to the touch and very pretty to look at.

One day I took one of the finest and made me a cap of it. I left all the hair on the outside, so as to shoot off the rain.

It was not very pretty; but it was of great use, and what more did I want?

I did so well with the cap that I thought I would try something else. So, after a great deal of trouble, I made me a whole suit.

I made me a waistcoat and a pair of knee breeches. I wanted them to keep me cool rather than warm. So I made them quite loose.

You would have laughed to see them. They were funny things, I tell you. But when I went out in the rain, they kept me dry.

This, I think, put me in mind of an umbrella.

I had seen umbrellas in Brazil, although they were not yet common in England. They were of much use in the summer when the sun shone hot.

I thought that if they were good in Brazil, they would be still better here, where the sun was much hotter.

So I set about the making of one.

I took great pains with it, and it was a long time before it pleased me at all.

I could make it spread, but it did not let down. And what would be the use of an umbrella that could not be folded?

I do not know how many weeks I spent at this work. It was play work rather than anything else, and I picked it up only at odd times.

At last I had an umbrella that opened and shut just as an umbrella should.

I covered it with skins, with the hair on the outside. In the rain it was as good as a shed. In the sun it made a pleasant shade.

I could now go out in all kinds of weather. I need not care whether the rain fell or the sun shone.

For the next five years I lived very quietly. I kept always busy and did not allow myself to feel lonely.

I divided each day into parts according to my several duties.

After reading in my Bible, it was my custom to spend about three hours every morning in search of food. Through the heat of the day, I busied myself in the shade of my castle or bower.

In the evening, when the sun was low, I worked in my fields. But sometimes I went to work very early in the morning and left my hunting until the afternoon.

I HAVE A PERILOUS ADVENTURE

(я переживаю опасное приключение; peril — опасность; риск, угроза)

I HAD never given up the idea of having a canoe (я никогда не оставлял идею иметь каноэ; to give up — оставить, отказаться; бросить /например, привычку/).

My first trial, as you have seen, was a failure (моя первая попытка, как вы видели, была провалом). I had made too big a boat (я сделал слишком большую лодку), and I had made it too far from the water (и я сделал ее слишком далеко от воды). I could do better another time (я мог сделать лучше в другой раз).

One day after I had harvested my grain (однажды после того, как я собрал зерно), I set to work (принялся за работу).

There was no tree near the river that was fit for a canoe (около реки не было дерева, которое подходило для каноэ). But I found a fine one nearly half a mile away (но я нашел хорошее /дерево/ примерно в полумиле).

Before I began to chop the tree (прежде чем я начал рубить дерево), I made all my plans for taking the canoe to the water (я разработал все планы /как/ доставить каноэ к воде).

I worked now with a will (теперь я работал с желанием), for I felt sure that I would succeed (так как я чувствовал себя уверенным, что преуспею).

In a few weeks the little vessel was finished (через несколько недель маленькое судно было готово). It was a very pretty canoe (это было красивое каноэ), and large enough for only two or three persons (и достаточно большое только для двух или трех человек).

Small as it was (маленькое, каким оно было = хотя оно было таким маленьким), it was quite heavy (оно было довольно тяжелым). For you must remember that it was a part of the tree (так как вы должны помнить, что это была часть дерева), hollowed out and shaped like a boat (выдолбленная внутри в форме лодки). It was as much as I could do to lift one end of it (все, что я мог сделать, это поднять один конец его /каноэ/).

How should I ever get it to the river (как я должен когда-либо доставить его к реке = как же мне было доставить его к реке)?

I have already told you that I had made plans for this (я уже говорил вам, что я подготовил планы для этого = уже продумал, как это сделать).

Through the soft ground between the river and the canoe I dug a big ditch (в мягкой земле между рекой и каноэ я прокопал большую канаву; through — сквозь, через; to dig — копать). It was four feet deep and six feet wide (она была четыре фута глубиной и шесть футов шириной) and nearly half a mile long (и почти полмили длиной).

I worked at this ditch for nearly two years (я работал над этой канавой почти два года). When it was done and filled with water from the river (когда она была закончена: «сделана» и наполнена водой из реки), I slid my canoe into it (я спустил мое каноэ в нее). It floated (оно поплыло), as I knew it would (как я и думал, что он будет = сделает).

As I pushed it along to the end of the great ditch and out into the river, it looked very small (когда я протолкал его до конца большой канавы и в реку, оно выглядело очень маленьким). I could never hope to make a long voyage in it (я вовсе не мог надеяться совершить большое путешествие на нем; long — длинный; долгий, длительный)!

But I could sail round the island (но я мог ходить под парусом вокруг острова), and make little journeys close to the shore (и совершать маленькие путешествия близко к берегу).

Before starting out (прежде чем отправиться), I put up a mast in the prow of the canoe (я установил мачту на носу каноэ) and made a sail for it of a piece of the ship's sail that I had kept with great care (и сделал парус для нее из куска корабельного паруса, который я хранил с большой заботой).

Then at each end of the little vessel I made lockers or small boxes (на каждой оконечности маленького судна я сделал отсеки, или маленькие ящики; locker — запирающийся шкафчик; ящик; рундук; to lock — запирать ключом, запирать на замок; lock — замок), in which I put a supply of food (в которые я поместил припасы еды) and other things that I would need on my voyage (и другие вещи, которые могли пригодиться мне во время путешествия).

On the inside of the vessel (внутри судна) I cut a little, long, hollow place or shelf (я вырезал маленькую длинную полость, или полку) where I could lay my gun (куда я мог положить ружье); and above this I tacked a long flap of goatskin (а над ней прикрепил большой кусок козьей шкуры; tack — гвоздик с широкой шляпкой; кнопка; to tack — прикреплять гвоздиками, кнопками, клепками; flap — хлопок, шлепок, удар /чем-л. гибким и широким/; нечто широкое, плоское, свободно свешивающееся, болтающееся; широкий, плоский кусок или часть /любого материала/; to flap — хлопать, шлепать, ударять /чем-л. гибким и широким/) to hang down over it and keep it dry (чтобы она свисала над ним и сохраняла его сухим).

In the stern I set up my umbrella (на корме я установил зонтик), so that it would keep the hot sun off of me while I was steering the canoe (так, чтобы он защищал меня от солнца, пока я правил каноэ).

Then every day I made short trips (затем каждый день я совершал короткие путешествия) down the river to the sea and back again (вниз по реке к морю и обратно: «и обратно снова»). Sometimes, when the wind was fair (иногда, когда ветер был попутным), I sailed a little way out (я выходил немного в море); but I was afraid to go far (но я боялся выходить далеко).

At last I made up my mind for a voyage around the island (в конце концов я решил /совершить/ путешествие вокруг острова).

I filled my lockers with food (я наполнил ящики едой). In one I put two dozen barley cakes (в один я положил две дюжины ячменных лепешек) and a pot full of parched rice (и горшок, полный поджаренного риса; to parch — слегка поджаривать, подрумянивать). In the other I stored the hind quarters of a goat (в другой я положил заднюю часть /бёдра/ козы; quarter — четверть, четвертая часть; задняя часть /животного/; hind quarters — задняя часть /туши/).

I also put in powder and shot enough to kill as much game as I would need (я также положил достаточно пороха и дроби, чтобы убить так много дичи, сколько бы мне понадобилось).

On a day in November I set sail on my voyage (в один ноябрьский день я отправился в плавание: «поставил парус»; to set sail — отправляться в плавание). It proved to be a harder voyage than I had bargained for (оно оказалось более тяжелым, чем я ожидал; to bargain — торговаться, заключать сделку; рассчитывать).

In the first place (во-первых), there were so many rocks along the shore (было столь много скал/рифов вдоль берега) that I sometimes had to sail for miles out into the sea to get around them (что я иногда должен был выходить на несколько миль в море, чтобы обогнуть их).

Then, when I was on the farther side of the island (затем = к тому же/во-вторых, когда я был на дальней стороне острова), I struck a furious current of water (я наткнулся на быстрый поток воды; to strike — ударять; направляться, сворачивать; furious — взбешенный, неистовый, яростный; fury — неистовство; бешенство, ярость) that was pouring round a point of land like the sluice of mill (который лился = бурлил вокруг возвышения земли, как водовод мельницы; sluice — шлюз; перемычка; ворота шлюза; канал, водовод).

I could do nothing in such a current (я не мог ничего делать в таком течении). My canoe was whirled along like a leaf in a whirlwind (мое каноэ крутило, как листок в вихре; to whirl — вертеться; кружиться). The sail was of no use (парус был бесполезным). The little vessel spun round and round in the eddies (это маленькое судно вертелось в воронках; to spin — прясть, сучить /шерсть/; крутиться, вертеться, выписывать круги) and was carried far out to sea (и было вынесено далеко в море).

I gave myself up for lost (я сдался и думал, что пропал). I was so far out that I could hardly see the low shores of my island (я был так далеко в открытом море, что едва мог видеть низкие берега моего острова).

Suddenly I noticed that the canoe was only a little way from the edge of the current (вдруг я заметил, что каноэ было лишь на небольшом расстоянии от края течения). Just beyond it the water was quite calm and smooth (прямо за ним вода была довольно спокойной и ровной; smooth — гладкий).

I took up my paddle again (я взял весло опять) and paddled with all my might (и греб со всей своей силой). With great joy I soon found myself floating in quiet water (к большой радости я вскоре обнаружил себя плывущим в тихой воде; to float — плавать; держаться на поверхности воды).

The wind was fair for the shore (ветер дул к берегу), and I set my sail again (и я вновь поднял парус). The canoe sped swiftly back toward the island (каноэ поспешило быстро назад к острову; to speed — двигаться поспешно; мчаться).

I saw then that I was sailing midway between two strong currents (я увидел затем, что я плыл посредине между двумя сильными течениями). If I should be caught in either (если бы я попал: «был пойман» в одно из них; to catch — ловить), I would again be carried out to sea (я бы опять был вынесен в море).

I needed all the skill I had to steer the canoe aright (мне нужно было все мое умение, которое у меня было, чтобы направить каноэ в нужном направлении; aright — верно, правильно). At last, when the sun was almost down (наконец, когда солнце почти зашло), I brought it into a quiet little cove (я завел его в маленькую бухточку) where the shore was green with grass (где берег был зеленым от травы).

perilous [ˈperɪlǝs], given [ˈɡɪv(ǝ)n], idea [aɪˈdɪǝ], trial [ˈtraɪǝl], failure [ˈfeɪljǝ], succeed [sǝkˈsi:d], person [pǝ:sn], river [ˈrɪvǝ], supply [sǝˈplaɪ], afraid [ǝˈfreɪd], furious [ˈfjuǝrɪǝs], current [ˈkʌr(ǝ)nt], sluice [slu:s], whirl [wǝ:l], edge [eʤ], calm [kɑ:m]

I HAVE A PERILOUS ADVENTURE

I HAD never given up the idea of having a canoe.

My first trial, as you have seen, was a failure. I had made too big a boat, and I had made it too far from the water. I could do better another time. One day after I had harvested my grain, I set to work.

There was no tree near the river that was fit for a canoe. But I found a fine one nearly half a mile away.

Before I began to chop the tree, I made all my plans for taking the canoe to the water.

I worked now with a will, for I felt sure that I would succeed.

In a few weeks the little vessel was finished. It was a very pretty canoe, and large enough for only two or three persons.

Small as it was, it was quite heavy. For you must remember that it was a part of the tree, hollowed out and shaped like a boat. It was as much as I could do to lift one end of it.

How should I ever get it to the river?

I have already told you that I had made plans for this.

Through the soft ground between the river and the canoe I dug a big ditch. It was four feet deep and six feet wide and nearly half a mile long.

I worked at this ditch for nearly two years. When it was done and filled with water from the river, I slid my canoe into it. It floated, as I knew it would.

As I pushed it along to the end of the great ditch and out into the river, it looked very small. I could never hope to make a long voyage in it!

But I could sail round the island, and make little journeys close to the shore.

Before starting out, I put up a mast in the prow of the canoe and made a sail for it of a piece of the ship's sail that I had kept with great care.

Then at each end of the little vessel I made lockers or small boxes, in which I put a supply of food and other things that I would need on my voyage.

On the inside of the vessel I cut a little, long, hollow place or shelf where I could lay my gun; and above this I tacked a long flap of goatskin to hang down over it and keep it dry.

In the stern I set up my umbrella, so that it would keep the hot sun off of me while I was steering the canoe.

Then every day I made short trips down the river to the sea and back again. Sometimes, when the wind was fair, I sailed a little way out; but I was afraid to go far.

At last I made up my mind for a voyage around the island.

I filled my lockers with food. In one I put two dozen barley cakes and a pot full of parched rice. In the other I stored the hind quarters of a goat.

I also put in powder and shot enough to kill as much game as I would need.

On a day in November I set sail on my voyage. It proved to be a harder voyage than I had bargained for.

In the first place, there were so many rocks along the shore that I sometimes had to sail for miles out into the sea to get around them.

Then, when I was on the farther side of the island, I struck a furious current of water that was pouring round a point of land like the sluice of mill.

I could do nothing in such a current. My canoe was whirled along like a leaf in a whirlwind. The sail was of no use. The little vessel spun round and round in the eddies and was carried far out to sea.

I gave myself up for lost. I was so far out that I could hardly see the low shores of my island.

Suddenly I noticed that the canoe was only a little way from the edge of the current. Just beyond it the water was quite calm and smooth.

I took up my paddle again and paddled with all my might. With great joy I soon found myself floating in quiet water.

The wind was fair for the shore, and I set my sail again. The canoe sped swiftly back toward the island.

I saw then that I was sailing midway between two strong currents. If I should be caught in either, I would again be carried out to sea.

I needed all the skill I had to steer the canoe aright. At last, when the sun was almost down, I brought it into a quiet little cove where the shore was green with grass.

I AM ALARMED BY A VOICE

(я разбужен голосом; alarm — боевая тревога, сигнал тревоги; to alarm — поднять тревогу, дать сигнал тревоги; предупредить об опасности; встревожить, взволновать; напугать; насторожить; вызвать тревогу)

AS soon as I touched the land (как только я коснулся земли), I fell upon my knees and gave God thanks for bringing me safe out of so great danger (я пал на колени и возблагодарил Бога: «отдал Богу благодарности» за то, что он вывел меня живым из такой большой опасности).

I made the canoe fast to a rock by the shore (привязал каноэ к скале у берега; fast — крепкий, твердый), and lay down on the grass (и лег на траву).

I was so tired (я был таким уставшим) that I soon fell asleep (что скоро заснул) and did not waken once until the next morning (и не просыпался до следующего утра).

I went up a little hill close by the shore (я поднялся по маленькому холму /расположенному/ близко к берегу), and looked around to see what part of the island I was in (и осмотрелся вокруг, чтобы увидеть, в какой части острова я был).

To my right I saw some well-known trees (справа я увидел хорошо известные деревья) which I had visited when I was exploring the island (которые я посетил = видел, когда исследовал остров). Then I knew that I was only a little way from my summer house (тогда я понял, что я был всего лишь на небольшом расстоянии от моего летнего дома) and that I could reach it easily by walking (и мог легко достичь его пешком).

I was sick of the sea (я устал от моря; sick — больной; пресыщенный; уставший /of — от чего-л./), and I thought that nothing would be so pleasant as a few days in my quiet bower (и я подумал, что ничто не было бы столь приятно, как несколько дней в моей тихой беседке).

So, with my umbrella over my head (поэтому, с зонтом над головой), I started across the country (я отправился через местность). It was a hot day (был жаркий день), and I walked slowly (и я шел медленно).

I stopped often to rest (я часто останавливался отдохнуть), and did not reach my summer house until it was growing dark (и достиг дома, лишь когда стало темнеть: «и не достиг дома, пока стало темнеть»).

I saw that everything was standing just as I had left it (я увидел, что все было таким, как я оставил его: «все стояло точно так, как…»); for I always kept it in good order (так как я всегда содержал его = все вещи в хорошем порядке).

As soon as I got over the fence (как только я перелез через забор; to get over — перейти, перелезть, переправиться /через/), I sat down to rest (я сел отдохнуть); and I was so tired that I fell asleep (и был таким уставшим, что заснул).

Then, all at once in the darkness (затем вдруг в темноте), I heard a voice calling me (я услышал голос, зовущий меня), "Robin, Robin, Robin Crusoe!"

I was so full of sleep (я так крепко спал: «был столь полон сна») that I did not wake up at once (что не проснулся сразу). But between sleeping and waking I could hear somebody saying (но между сном и бодрствованием я мог слышать, как кто-то говорит), "Robin Crusoe, Robin Crusoe!"

I wondered who it could be (я задавался вопросом, кто это мог быть), but I was still more than half asleep (но я все еще спал).

Then the voice screamed in my ear (затем голос крикнул в ухо), "ROBIN CRUSOE!"

I sprang to my feet (я вскочил на ноги; to spring — прыгать, скакать). I was frightened almost out of my wits (я был напуган почти до безумия; wit /часто множ. ч./ — ум, разум). Who in the world could be speaking my name in that place (кто в мире мог произносить мое имя в этом месте)?

No sooner were my eyes well open (как только мои глаза совершенно раскрылись: «были вполне открыты»; no sooner … than — не раньше, чем = как только) than I saw in the dim light of the moon (я увидел при тусклом свете луны) my Poll Parrot (моего попугая Попку) sitting on a post quite close to my shoulder (сидящего на колышке довольно близко к моему плечу).

"Poor Robin Crusoe (бедный Робин Крузо)," he said. "Poor Robin Crusoe."

He was looking down at me as though in pity (он смотрел на веня вниз, как будто сжалившись: «словно в жалости»).

He was but repeating the words I had taught him (он всего лишь повторял слова, которым я его научил). I knew that he was glad to see me (я знал, что он рад видеть меня), as I also was glad to see him (равно как и я был рад видеть его).

I let him sit on my thumb (я позволил ему сесть на мой большой палец) as he often did at home (как он часто делал дома). He rubbed his bill on my face (он потер своим клювом о мое лицо) and kept saying (и продолжал говорить): "Poor Robin Crusoe! Where are you (где ты)? Where have you been (где ты был)?" and other words that he knew (и другие слова, которые он знал).

I wondered how the bird had come to this place (я задавался вопросом, как птица попала в это место), for I had left him at the castle (ведь я оставил его в замке). I asked him (я спросил его); "Why are you here, Poll (почему ты здесь, Попка)?"

But he answered me only by saying (но он отвечал мне только, говоря): "Poor Robin Crusoe! Where have you been?"

I surely believe that the bird loved me (я несомненно верю, что птица любила меня; surely — конечно, несомненно).

In the morning I carried him with me back to my castle (утром я взял: «отнес» его с собой обратно в замок).

As for the canoe (что касается каноэ), I would gladly have brought it back to its place in the little river (я бы с радостью привел его обратно к тому месту на маленькой реке). But I was afraid of being caught again in the furious currents (но я боялся, что вновь попаду в те неистовые потоки: «был боящимся оказаться схваченным/захваченным»; to catch — ловить); and so I left it in the safe cove on the other side of the island (и потому оставил его в безопасной бухточке на другой стороне острова).

alarm [ǝˈlɑ:m], voice [ˈvɔɪs], touch [tʌtʃ], knee [ni:], thumb [Ɵʌm]

I AM ALARMED BY A VOICE

AS soon as I touched the land, I fell upon my knees and gave God thanks for bringing me safe out of so great danger. I made the canoe fast to a rock by the shore, and lay down on the grass.

I was so tired that I soon fell asleep and did not waken once until the next morning.

I went up a little hill close by the shore, and looked around to see what part of the island I was in.

To my right I saw some well-known trees which I had visited when I was exploring the island. Then I knew that I was only a little way from my summer house and that I could reach it easily by walking.

I was sick of the sea, and I thought that nothing would be so pleasant as a few days in my quiet bower.

So, with my umbrella over my head, I started across the country. It was a hot day, and I walked slowly.

I stopped often to rest, and did not reach my summer house until it was growing dark.

I saw that everything was standing just as I had left it; for I always kept it in good order.

As soon as I got over the fence, I sat down to rest; and I was so tired that I fell asleep.

Then, all at once in the darkness, I heard a voice calling me, "Robin, Robin, Robin Crusoe!"

I was so full of sleep that I did not wake up at once. But between sleeping and waking I could hear somebody saying, "Robin Crusoe, Robin Crusoe!"

I wondered who it could be, but I was still more than half asleep.

Then the voice screamed in my ear, "ROBIN CRUSOE!"

I sprang to my feet. I was frightened almost out of my wits. Who in the world could be speaking my name in that place?

No sooner were my eyes well open than I saw in the dim light of the moon my Poll Parrot sitting on a post quite close to my shoulder.

"Poor Robin Crusoe," he said. "Poor Robin Crusoe."

He was looking down at me as though in pity.

He was but repeating the words I had taught him. I knew that he was glad to see me, as I also was glad to see him.

I let him sit on my thumb as he often did at home. He rubbed his bill on my face and kept saying: "Poor Robin Crusoe! Where are you? Where have you been?" and other words that he knew.

I wondered how the bird had come to this place, for I had left him at the castle. I asked him; "Why are you here, Poll?"

But he answered me only by saying: "Poor Robin Crusoe! Where have you been?"

I surely believe that the bird loved me.

In the morning I carried him with me back to my castle.

As for the canoe, I would gladly have brought it back to its place in the little river. But I was afraid of being caught again in the furious currents; and so I left it in the safe cove on the other side of the island.

I AM HAPPY AS A KING

(я счастлив как король)

I HAD now had adventures enough for a time (у меня было достаточно приключений пока = уже достаточно приключений), and I felt very happy to be at home with my goats and other pets (и я чувствовал себя очень счастливым быть дома с моими козами и другими питомцами).

A few years before (несколькими годами ранее), I had started with keeping three kids that I had caught (я начал с содержания трех козлят, которых я поймал; to catch — ловить). Now I had a herd of three and forty goats (теперь у меня было стадо из сорока трех коз), some of them young, some old (некоторые из них /были/ старые, некоторые молодые).

I kept them in five little fields that I had fenced (я содержал их в пяти маленьких полях, которые я огородил; to keep — держать, не отдавать; хранить; сохранять; беречь; содержать; держать /животное/), at the foot of my castle hill (у подножия моего холма с замком). I never had any lack of meat and I had plenty of milk, too (у меня никогда не было недостатка в мясе и и было к тому же много молока).

Indeed (на самом деле), I had gone so far as to set up a little dairy (я зашел так далеко, что устроил небольшую маслобойню; to set up — воздвигать, устанавливать, ставить; основывать, открывать /дело, предприятие и т. п./), and sometimes my goats gave me a gallon or two of milk in a day (и подчас мои козы давали мне галлон[7] или два молока в день).

Before coming to the island I had never milked a cow (до того, как я прибыл на остров, я никогда не доил корову), much less a goat (тем более: «гораздо менее» козу = не говоря уж о козе). I had never seen butter made (я никогда не видел, как делается масло), or even cheese (или даже сыр). But I learned how to do everything of the kind (я научился, как делать все эти вещи; kind — сорт, разновидность; разряд; вид, класс, род). And now I had more butter and cheese than I could eat (и теперь у меня было больше масла и сыра, чем я мог съесть).

After dinner it was my custom to go out for a stroll (после обеда у меня была привычка выходить на прогулку). How proud I was of my little kingdom (как я гордился: «как горд был» своим маленьким королевством)!

If you had seen me then (если бы вы увидели меня тогда), you would not have laughed (вы не посмеялись бы). You would have been frightened (вы испугались бы). For a stranger-looking fellow you never saw (ибо более странно выглядящего человека вы никогда не видели; fellow — приятель, товарищ, коллега, собрат; /разг./ человек, парень).

Be pleased to take a picture of me (пожалуйста, «возьмите» описание меня = вот вам…).

On my head was a big cap made of goatskin (на моей голове была большая шапка, сделанная из козьей шкуры). It was very tall and without shape (она была очень высокая и без формы). A flap hung down from the back of it to keep the rain off my neck (лоскут свисал с нее назад, чтобы оберегать шею от дождя).

I wore a short jacket of goatskin (короткая куртка из козьей шкуры) and a pair of knee breeches of the same (и бриджи из того же /материала/).

I had neither stockings nor shoes (у меня не было ни чулок, ни туфель/башмаков). But I wore around my legs and feet some queer things (я носил вокруг ног и ступней странные вещи; to wear — носить /одежду, обувь/) that I called buskins (которые я называл баскинами; buskins — высокие башмаки со шнуровкой на толстой подошве). They were made of goatskin, too (они были сделаны из козьей шкуры, также), and were of great use when walking among briers or stones (и были очень удобны при ходьбе между кустами и камнями; brier — колючий кустарник).

Around my waist I had a broad belt of rawhide (вокруг талии у меня был широкий пояс из сыромятной кожи; raw — сырой; необработанный; hide — кожа, шкура). I had no need of sword or dagger (мне не требовался ни меч, ни кинжал); and so I carried in this belt a little saw and a hatchet (и потому я носил в этом поясе маленькую пилу и топорик).

Another belt, which hung over my shoulder (другой ремень, который висел на плече), held my powderhorn and shot pouch (держал рог с порохом и мешочек с дробью).

On my back was slung a basket (на спине висела корзина; to sling — бросать, швырять; вешать через плечо). On my shoulder was my gun (на плече было мое ружье). Above my head I carried my great clumsy, ugly umbrella (над головой я носил мой большой грубый, уродливый зонт; clumsy — неловкий; топорный, неаккуратно сделанный).

My face was as dark as mahogany (мое лицо было темным, как красное дерево). It was tanned by the sun and browned by the hot winds (оно было смуглым от солнца и загорелым от горячих ветров; to tan — дубить /кожу/; обжигать кожу /о солнце/).

My beard was at one time a yard long (борода была одно время ярд[8] длиной). But I soon grew tired of it (но я вскоре устал от нее = вскоре она надоела мне) and cut it pretty short (и я обрезал ее довольно коротко; to cut — резать). Yet even then it looked grizzly enough (и все же даже тогда она выглядела довольно седой; grizzly — серый; с сильной проседью), I assure you (уверяю вас).

It is not a very handsome picture (не очень красивая картинка), is it (не так ли)?

But do not blame me (не вините меня). I dressed as well as I could (я одевался так, как мог). I kept myself clean (я содержал себя в чистоте). I tried to be worthy of respect (я старался быть достойным уважения), even though no one saw me (даже хотя никто не видел меня).

I looked over my little kingdom (я смотрел на/осматривал мое королевство) and was proud and happy (и был горд и счастлив).

You would have laughed to see me and my family when dinner time came (вы бы посмеялись, видя меня и мое семейство, когда приходило время обеда).

First there was myself (во-первых, вот я сам), Robinson Crusoe, king of the island (король острова). I was the lord of everything I could see (я был повелителем всего, что я мог видеть).

Then, like a king (затем = во-вторых, подобно королю), I dined alone (я ел один), with my servants looking on (со слугами, смотрящими на /меня/).

No one was allowed to talk to me but Poll Parrot (никому не было позволено говорить со мной, кроме попугая Попки), who sat on the back of my chair (который сидел на спинке стула) and waited for what I would give him (и ждал того, что я ему дам).

My dog was now so old and feeble (мой пес был теперь столь старым и немощным) that he could hardly stir (что едва мог пошевелиться). He sat always at my right hand (он сидел всегда по правую руку от меня) and wagged his tail if I did but snap my finger (и вилял хвостом, стоило мне щелкнуть пальцем: «если я лишь щелкал пальцем»).

My two cats waited (мои две кошки ждали), one on each side of the table (одна на каждой стороне от стола = каждая со своей стороны стола), to see what I would give them (ожидая подачки: «чтобы увидеть, что я им дам»).

These two cats were not the same that I had brought from the ship (эти две коши были не те же самые, которых я принес с корабля). Those were dead (те умерли: «были мертвы»), long ago (/уже/ давно), of old age (от старости: «от старого возраста»). But they had left many kittens (но они оставили много котят; to leave — оставлять).

Indeed (в самом деле), there had come to be so many cats that I was forced to drive them away (оказалось: «случилось быть» так много кошек, что я был вынужден выгнать их; to drive — гнать; to drive away — гнать прочь, выгонять, отгонять). All but these two had gone into the woods (все, кроме этих двух, ушли в леса) and become very wild (и стали очень дикими).

adventure [ǝdˈventʃǝ], young [jʌŋ], old [ˈǝuld], dairy [ˈdeǝrɪ], gallon [ˈɡælǝn], stroll [ˈstrǝul], kingdom [ˈkɪŋdǝm], picture [ˈpɪktʃǝ], mahogany [mǝˈhɔɡ(ǝ)nɪ], assure [ǝˈʃuǝ], servant [ˈsǝ:vǝnt], dead [ded], ago [ǝˈɡǝu]

I AM HAPPY AS A KING

I HAD now had adventures enough for a time, and I felt very happy to be at home with my goats and other pets.

A few years before, I had started with keeping three kids that I had caught. Now I had a herd of three and forty goats, some of them young, some old.

I kept them in five little fields that I had fenced, at the foot of my castle hill. I never had any lack of meat and I had plenty of milk, too.

Indeed, I had gone so far as to set up a little dairy, and sometimes my goats gave me a gallon or two of milk in a day.

Before coming to the island I had never milked a cow, much less a goat. I had never seen butter made, or even cheese. But I learned how to do everything of the kind. And now I had more butter and cheese than I could eat.

After dinner it was my custom to go out for a stroll. How proud I was of my little kingdom!

If you had seen me then, you would not have laughed. You would have been frightened. For a stranger-looking fellow you never saw.

Be pleased to take a picture of me.

On my head was a big cap made of goatskin. It was very tall and without shape. A flap hung down from the back of it to keep the rain off my neck.

I wore a short jacket of goatskin and a pair of knee breeches of the same.

I had neither stockings nor shoes. But I wore around my legs and feet some queer things that I called buskins. They were made of goatskin, too, and were of great use when walking among briers or stones.

Around my waist I had a broad belt of rawhide. I had no need of sword or dagger; and so I carried in this belt a little saw and a hatchet.

Another belt, which hung over my shoulder, held my powderhorn and shot pouch.

On my back was slung a basket. On my shoulder was my gun. Above my head I carried my great clumsy, ugly umbrella.

My face was as dark as mahogany. It was tanned by the sun and browned by the hot winds.

My beard was at one time a yard long. But I soon grew tired of it and cut it pretty short. Yet even then it looked grizzly enough, I assure you.

It is not a very handsome picture, is it?

But do not blame me. I dressed as well as I could. I kept myself clean. I tried to be worthy of respect, even though no one saw me.

I looked over my little kingdom and was proud and happy.

You would have laughed to see me and my family when dinner time came.

First there was myself, Robinson Crusoe, king of the island. I was the lord of everything I could see.

Then, like a king, I dined alone, with my servants looking on.

No one was allowed to talk to me but Poll Parrot, who sat on the back of my chair and waited for what I would give him.

My dog was now so old and feeble that he could hardly stir. He sat always at my right hand and wagged his tail if I did but snap my finger.

My two cats waited, one on each side of the table, to see what I would give them.

These two cats were not the same that I had brought from the ship. Those were dead, long ago, of old age. But they had left many kittens.

Indeed, there had come to be so many cats that I was forced to drive them away. All but these two had gone into the woods and become very wild.

I LEARN TO BAKE AND AM PROSPEROUS

(я учусь печь, и я процветаю; prosperous — процветающий, преуспевающий; удачливый)

I HAVE already told you about farming (я уже рассказал вам о фермерстве), and of the difficulties under which I did my work (и о сложностях, с которыми: «под которыми» я делал свою работу = которые возникали в моей работе). The thing which I wished to do most of all to make good bread (вещь, которую я хотел сделать больше всего, — сделать хороший хлеб).

I tried many plans, but it was several years before I could think of myself as a really good baker (я испробовал много планов, но прошло несколько лет, прежде чем я мог думать о себе как о действительно хорошем пекаре = считать себя действительно хорошим пекарем).

My barley was very fine (мой ячмень был очень хорош). The grains were large and smooth (зерна были большими и гладкими). When boiled a long time with a bit of goat's meat (при варке в течение долгого времени с куском козьего мяса), they made good food (они были хорошей едой: «делали = составляли хорошую еду»).

But they did not take the place of bread (но они не заменяли: «не занимали место» хлеба). Before bread could be made, the grains of barley must be ground into meal (прежде чем хлеб может быть сделан, зерна ячменя должны быть помолоты в муку; to grind — молоть, перемалывать; растирать /в порошок/; толочь).

I tried pounding them with a stone (я пытался растирать их камнем; to pound — бить, колотить; толочь). But that was slow work (но то была медленная работа). The stone crumbled into sand (камень рассыпался в песок; to crumble— сыпаться, осыпаться; обваливаться). My meal was worth nothing (такая еда не стоила ничего: «была стоящей ничего»).

I looked all over the island for a harder stone (я обыскал весь остров /в поисках/ более твердого камня). All were alike (все были одинаковыми; alike — одинаковый; идентичный, подобный, похожий, тождественный).

So at last I cut a large block of very hard wood (в конце концов я срезал большой кусок очень крепкой древесины). I rounded it on the outside with my hatchet (я закруглил его снаружи топориком). Then, partly by chopping (затем частично рубкой), partly by burning (частично выжиганием), I made a hollow place in the end of it (я сделал полость на конце его).

Out of a piece of ironwood (из куска железного дерева; ironwood — "железное" дерево /термин употребляется для различных древесных пород с твердой тяжелой древесиной/) I made a heavy pestle or beater (я сделал тяжелый пестик, или колотушку).

I had now a very good little mill (теперь у меня была очень хорошая мельница). In a short time I had crushed enough barley to make meal for a large loaf (в короткое время я размолол достаточно ячменя, чтобы сделать муку для большой буханки; loaf — буханка, каравай; булка, батон /порция испеченного хлеба/).

It was easy to make the dough (было легко сделать тесто). I had only to mix the meal with water and knead it with my hands (мне нужно было лишь смешать муку с водой и размять ее руками). I must not think of yeast to make the dough light (мне не приходилось думать о дрожжах, чтобы сделать тесто легким; light — легкий; /кул./ хорошо поднявшийся, легкий, воздушный /о тесте/).

The baking part was the main thing (выпекание было основным делом), and the hardest to learn (и самым сложным, чтобы научиться = и ему труднее всего было научиться).

At first I put my biscuits of dough in the hot ashes (вначале я клал куски теста в горячие угли) and left them there till they were baked (и оставлял их там, пока не испекутся). But I did not like these ash cakes very well (но мне не нравились эти пироги с золой).

Then I tried another plan (потом я попробовал иной план = попробовал сделать по-другому).

I made two large earthen vessels (я сделал два больших глиняных сосуда; vessel — сосуд /для жидкости/; корабль, судно). They were broad and shallow (они были широкими и неглубокими: «мелкими»). Each was about two feet across and not more than nine inches deep (каждый был около двух футов в ширину и не более девяти дюймов в глубину).

These I burned in the fire (их я обжег на огне) till they were as hard as rocks and as red as tiles (пока они не стали твердыми, как камни, и красными, как черепица).

I made also a hearth before my fireplace (я соорудил также /специальный/ очаг перед местом костра; hearth/fireplace — очаг; камин), and paved it with some square tiles of my own making (и выложил его квадратными черепицами моего собственного изготовления). But, perhaps I ought not to call them square (но, возможно, не стоит их называть квадратными: «я не должен бы…»).

The hearth, when finished, was quite level and smooth (очаг, когда был завершен, был довольно ровным и гладким). It was as pretty as I could have wished (он был таким красивым, как я мог желать).

Next I built a great fire of hard wood (затем я развел большой огонь/костер из твердой древесины). When the wood had burned down (когда дерево прогорело), I raked the hot coals out upon my hearth (я выгреб /из костра/ угли на мой очаг). I left them there till the hearth was hot through and through (я оставил их там, пока очаг не прогрелся основательно).

My loaves of dough were all ready (куски теста были готовы). I swept hearth clean (я вымел очаг дочиста; to sweep — мести) and then put the loaves down upon the hottest part of it (и затем положил куски на самую горячую его часть).

Over each loaf I put one of the large earthen vessels I had made (над каждой буханкой я поставил один из больших глиняных сосудов, которые я сделал). Then I heaped hot coals on the top of the vessel (затем я наложил горячие угли поверх каждого сосуда; to heap — бросать в кучу, складывать в кучу, нагромождать) and all round the sides of it (и вокруг его боков = обложил углями его бока).

In a short time I lifted the vessels and took out my loaves (через короткое время я поднял сосуды и вынул мои буханки; to take out — вынимать). They were baked as well as the best oven in the world could have baked them (они были выпечены так, как лучшая печка в мире выпекла бы их).

By trying and trying again (пробуя/пытаясь вновь и вновь), I at last learned to bake almost everything I wanted (я наконец научился печь почти все, что я хотел). I baked cakes and rice pudding fit for a king (я пек лепешки и рисовый пудинг, годные/подходящие для короля). But I did not care for pies (но я не заботился о пирогах = был равнодушен к пирогам).

I now felt quite contented and prosperous (теперь я чувствовал себя удовлетворенным и процветающим). For did I not have everything that I needed (ибо разве у меня не было всего, что мне нужно)?

I had two homes on the island (у меня было два дома на острове). I called them my plantations (я называл их моими плантациями).

The first of these was my strong castle under the rock (первым из них был мой крепкий замок под скалой). I had enlarged it until my cave contained many rooms (я расширял его, пока моя пещера не стала содержать много комнат), one opening into another (открывающихся = выходящих одна в другую).

The largest and driest of these was my storeroom (самая большая и самая сухая из них была складская комната; dry — сухой; store — склад). Here I kept the largest of my earthen pots (здесь я держал/хранил самые большие из моих глиняных горшков; to keep — хранить; сохранять). Here also were fourteen or fifteen big baskets (здесь были также четырнадцать или пятнадцать больших корзин), all filled with grain (наполненных зерном).

My sitting room was not large (зал был не большим; sitting room — гостиная), but it was made for comfort (но он был сделан для комфорта = обустроен удобно).

As for the wall in front of the castle (что касается стены перед замком), it was a wonderful thing (это была удивительная вещь). The long stakes which I had driven down had all taken root (длинные колья, которые я вбил, все укоренились: «взяли корень»). They had grown like trees (они выросли, как деревья), and were now so big and so thick with branches that it was hard to see between them (и были сейчас такими большими и такими толстыми, с /такими/ ветвями, что было сложно видеть /что-либо/ между ними).

No one passing by (ни один проходящий мимо) would ever think there was a house behind this matted row of trees (никогда бы не подумал, что там был дом за этим переплетенным рядом деревьев; to mat — сбивать, спутывать, сваливать в ком /траву, шерсть и т. п./; плести /циновки, подстилки и т. п./; mat — рогожа; циновка; /спорт./ мат).

Near this dwelling of mine (около этого моего обиталища), but a little farther within the land (только немного дальше вглубь местности), were my two barley fields (были два моих ячменных поля). These I cultivated with care (их я возделывал с заботой), and from them I reaped a good harvest (и с них я получал хороший урожай; to reap — жать, пожинать, собирать урожай). As often as I felt the need of more barley I made my fields larger (как только я чувствовал необходимость в большем количестве ячменя, я расширял свои поля).

Farther away was what I called my country seat (дальше было то, что я называл своим деревенским пристанищем/деревенской резиденцией; seat — сиденье; местонахождение). There was my pleasant summer house or bower (мой приятный/симпатичный летний дом или беседка), where I liked to go for rest (куда мне нравилось уходить отдохнуть; rest — покой, отдых).

In the middle of my bower (в центре беседки) I had my tent always set (для меня всегда был установлен навес). It was made of a piece of sail spread over some poles (он был сделан из куска паруса, натянутого на колья; to spread — развертывать; раскидывать; расстилать).

Under the tent I had made a soft couch (под навесом я устроил мягкую кушетку) with the skins of animals and a blanket thrown over them (из шкур животных и одеяла, накинутого на них; to throw — бросать). Here, when the weather was fair, I often slept at night (здесь я часто спал ночью при хорошей погоде).

A little way from the bower was the field (в некотором удалении от беседки было поле) in which I kept my cattle (на котором я держал мой скот) — that is to say (то есть), my goats (коз).

I had taken great pains to fence and inclose this field (я приложил много труда, чтобы обнести забором и огородить это поле). I was so fearful, lest the goats should break out (я так боялся, как бы козы не вырвались наружу; fearful — испытывающий страх, испуганный; fear — страх), that I worked many a day planting a hedge all around (что я проработал много дней, высаживая /живую/ изгородь вокруг). The hedge grew to be very tall and was as strong as a wall (/живая/ изгородь выросла и стала крепкой, как стена: «чтобы стать крепкой…»; to grow — расти).

On the shore of the sea (на берегу моря), some distance beyond my summer house (на некотором расстоянии от моего летнего дома), was the little inlet where I had laid up my canoe (был /узкий/ залив, где я хранил мое каноэ; to lay up — откладывать, копить; выводить временно из строя).

prosperous [ˈprɔsp(ǝ)rǝs], pestle [pesl], dough [ˈdǝu], shallow [ˈʃælǝu], square [ˈskweǝ], hearth [hɑ:Ɵ], contented [kǝnˈtentɪd], enlarge [ɪnˈlɑ:ʤ, enˈlɑ:ʤ]

I LEARN TO BAKE AND AM PROSPEROUS

I HAVE already told you about farming, and of the difficulties under which I did my work. The thing which I wished to do most of all to make good bread. I tried many plans, but it was several years before I could think of myself as a really good baker.

My barley was very fine. The grains were large and smooth. When boiled a long time with a bit of goat's meat, they made good food.

But they did not take the place of bread. Before bread could be made, the grains of barley must be ground into meal.

I tried pounding them with a stone. But that was slow work. The stone crumbled into sand. My meal was worth nothing.

I looked all over the island for a harder stone. All were alike.

So at last I cut a large block of very hard wood. I rounded it on the outside with my hatchet. Then, partly by chopping, partly by burning, I made a hollow place in the end of it.

Out of a piece of ironwood I made a heavy pestle or beater.

I had now a very good little mill. In a short time I had crushed enough barley to make meal for a large loaf.

It was easy to make the dough. I had only to mix the meal with water and knead it with my hands. I must not think of yeast to make the dough light.

The baking part was the main thing, and the hardest to learn.

At first I put my biscuits of dough in the hot ashes and left them there till they were baked. But I did not like these ash cakes very well.

Then I tried another plan.

I made two large earthen vessels. They were broad and shallow. Each was about two feet across and not more than nine inches deep.

These I burned in the fire till they were as hard as rocks and as red as tiles.

I made also a hearth before my fireplace, and paved it with some square tiles of my own making. But, perhaps I ought not to call them square.

The hearth, when finished, was quite level and smooth. It was as pretty as I could have wished.

Next I built a great fire of hard wood. When the wood had burned down, I raked the hot coals out upon my hearth. I left them there till the hearth was hot through and through.

My loaves of dough were all ready. I swept hearth clean and then put the loaves down upon the hottest part of it.

Over each loaf I put one of the large earthen vessels I had made. Then I heaped hot coals on the top of the vessel and all round the sides of it.

In a short time I lifted the vessels and took out my loaves. They were baked as well as the best oven in the world could have baked them.

By trying and trying again, I at last learned to bake almost everything I wanted. I baked cakes and rice pudding fit for a king. But I did not care for pies.

I now felt quite contented and prosperous. For did I not have everything that I needed?

I had two homes on the island. I called them my plantations.

The first of these was my strong castle under the rock. I had enlarged it until my cave contained many rooms, one opening into another.

The largest and driest of these was my storeroom. Here I kept the largest of my earthen pots. Here also were fourteen or fifteen big baskets, all filled with grain.

My sitting room was not large, but it was made for comfort.

As for the wall in front of the castle, it was a wonderful thing. The long stakes which I had driven down had all taken root. They had grown like trees, and were now so big and so thick with branches that it was hard to see between them.

No one passing by would ever think there was a house behind this matted row of trees.

Near this dwelling of mine, but a little farther within the land, were my two barley fields. These I cultivated with care, and from them I reaped a good harvest. As often as I felt the need of more barley I made my fields larger.

Farther away was what I called my country seat. There was my pleasant summer house or bower, where I liked to go for rest.

In the middle of my bower I had my tent always set. It was made of a piece of sail spread over some poles.

Under the tent I had made a soft couch with the skins of animals and a blanket thrown over them. Here, when the weather was fair, I often slept at night.

A little way from the bower was the field in which I kept my cattle — that is to say, my goats.

I had taken great pains to fence and inclose this field. I was so fearful, lest the goats should break out, that I worked many a day planting a hedge all around. The hedge grew to be very tall and was as strong as a wall.

On the shore of the sea, some distance beyond my summer house, was the little inlet where I had laid up my canoe.

I SEE SOMETHING IN THE SAND

(я вижу кое-что в песке)

WHEN the weather was fine I often went over to the other side of the island to look at my canoe (когда погода была хорошей, я часто ходил на другую сторону острова, чтобы посмотреть на мое каноэ).

Sometimes I spent several days at my summer house (иногда я проводил несколько дней в моем летнем доме). Then, going over to where the canoe was kept (затем, идя туда, где содержалось каноэ), I took short sails along the shore (я предпринимал короткие походы под парусом вдоль берега). These little voyages gave me a great deal of pleasure (эти маленькие путешествия доставляли мне много удовольствия; deal — некоторое количество; great deal of — много).

One morning as I was going to the canoe a strange thing happened (однажды утром, когда я шел к каноэ, произошла одна странная вещь).

I was walking slowly along and looking down (я шел медленно вдоль /берега/ и смотрел вниз), and what do you think I saw (и что вы думаете, я увидел)?

I saw the print of a man's naked foot in the sand (я увидел отпечаток голой ноги человека на песке).

The sight made me cold all over (это зрелище заставило меня всего похолодеть; all over — всюду, повсюду; /зд./ по всему телу).

I stood like one that had seen a ghost (я стоял как кто-то, кто увидел привидение). I looked around (я посмотрел вокруг/осмотрелся). I listened (я прислушался). I trembled (я дрожал; to tremble — дрожать; трястись).

I went to the top of a little hill to look farther (я пошел на верхушку маленького холма, чтобы посмотреть дальше). Then I walked up the shore and down the shore (затем я я прошел «вверх и вниз» = взад и вперед/туда-сюда по берегу). I saw no other tracks (и не увидел никаких других следов).

I went back to make sure that I was not dreaming (я пошел обратно, чтобы удостовериться, что я не увидел это во сне; to dream — видеть сон; dream — сновидение). Yes, there in the sand was the print of man's foot (да, на песке был отпечаток ноги человека). It showed the toes (он показывал = были отчетливо видны пальцы /ног/), the heel (пятку), and the sole of the foot (и ступню ноги; sole — подошва; ступня). I was not dreaming (я не видел сон = это был не сон).

My mind was filled with a thousand thoughts and questions (мой ум был наполнен тысячею мыслей и вопросов). Where was the man who made that track (где был человек, который оставил тот след)? Who was he (кем он был)? How did he get there (как он сюда попал)?

I was so frightened that I did not go to the canoe (я был так напуган, что не пошел к каноэ). I turned back and went to my castle as fast as I could (я повернулся и пошел к замку так быстро, как только мог).

Whether I went over by the ladder or through the hole in the rock (попал ли я /домой/ по лестнице или через отверстие в скале), I do not know (я не знаю = не помню). But I shut myself up as quickly as I could and began to get ready to defend myself (но я закрылся так быстро, как мог, и начал готовиться защищать себя; to get ready — готовиться: «становиться готовым»).

That night I could not sleep (той ночью я не мог спать). I lay in my hammock, and thought and thought (я лежал гамаке, и думал, и думал; to lie — лежать).

The track must have been made by an Indian (след, должно быть, оставлен индейцем) or some other wild savage (или каким-то другим дикарем; wild — дикий; savage — дикарь). This savage had come perhaps from the land that I had seen far across the sea (это дикарь, возможно, прибыл с земли, которую я видел за морем: «далеко через море»).

Perhaps he had come to the island alone (возможно, он прибыл на остров не один). Perhaps he had come with many others of his kind (возможно, он прибыл со многими другими его вида = такими же, как он). But where was he now (но где он был сейчас)?

I was so much afraid that I did not stir out of my castle for three days and nights (я был так сильно напуган, что не высовывался из замка три дня и три ночи; to stir — шевелиться; двигаться). I was almost starved (я чуть не умер от голода; to starve — голодать, умирать от голода), for I had only two or three barley cakes in my kitchen (потому что у меня на кухне было всего лишь две или три ячменной лепешки).

Little by little I became brave enough to go out again (мало-помалу я стал достаточно смелым = набрался смелости, чтобы выйти опять). I crept softly down to my fields to milk the goats (я пробрался потихоньку на мои поля, чтобы подоить коз; to creep — ползать; красться; пробираться). Poor things (бедные существа)! They were glad enough to see me (они были очень рады увидеть меня).

But every sound made me start and look around (но каждый звук заставлял меня вздрагивать и смотреть по сторонам/оглядываться). I fancied (мне казалось; to fancy — воображать, представлять себе) that I saw a savage behind every tree (что я видел дикаря за каждым деревом). I lived for days like some hunted thing (я жил дни = целый ряд дней, как какое-то преследуемое существо/существо, за которым охотятся; to hunt — охотиться /на кого-л.; особ. с гончими/; травить, гнать; преследовать) that trembles at its own shadow (которое дрожит от своей собственной тени).

And all because I had seen the print of a foot in the sand (и все потому, что я видел отпечаток ступни на песке)!

Little by little I grew bolder (мало-помалу я стал отважнее; to grow — расти; становиться), and I made up my mind to strengthen my castle (и решил укрепить замок). If savage Indians should indeed come and find me, I would be ready for them (если дикие индейцы в самом деле придут и найдут меня, я был бы готов к ним = к этому).

So I carried out earth and small stones (поэтому я притащил: «вынес» земли и небольших камней), and piled them up against the castle wall till it was ten feet thick (и уложил их у стены: «к стене» замка, пока она не стала толщиной в десять футов; to pile — складывать, сваливать в кучу; thick — толстый). I have already told you how strong it was at first (я уже рассказал вам, какой крепкой она была в самом начале), and how I had made a dense hedge of trees on the outside (и как я сделал плотную ограду из деревьев снаружи). It was now so strong that nothing could break through it (такой крепкой, что ничто не могло прорваться сквозь нее).

Through the wall at certain places (сквозь стену в определенных местах) I made five holes large enough (я проделал пять достаточно больших отверстий) for a man's arm to reach in (чтобы человеческая рука могла просунуться сквозь них; to reach — протягивать, вытягивать). In each of these holes I planted a gun (в каждом из этих отверстий я установил ружье; to plant — сажать /растения/; всаживать, втыкать; прочно ставить, устанавливать; plant — растение); for you will remember (ибо, как вы помните) that I brought several from the ship (я принес несколько /ружей/ с корабля).

Each one of these guns was fitted in a frame that could be drawn back and forth (каждое ружье было установлено в раму, которую можно было передвигать назад и вперед; to draw — тащить, волочить; тянуть). They worked so well in their places (они так хорошо двигались в своих местах = каждое в своем месте; to work — работать; двигать, передвигать) that I could shoot off all five of them in less than two minutes (что мог выстрелить из всех пяти менее чем за две минуты).

Many a weary month did I work before I had my wall to my notion (много изматывающих месяцев я работал, прежде чем я имел стену по своему видению = какую хотел; notion — идея, представление, понятие; намерение, желание). But at last it was finished (но наконец она была завершена).

The hedge that was before it grew up so thick and high that no man nor animal could see through it (ограда, которая была перед ней, выросла такой плотной и высокой, что ни человек, ни животное не могли видеть сквозь нее). If you had seen it (если бы вы увидели ее), you would not have dreamed there was anything inside of it (вам бы не приснилось = не подумалось, что было что-то внутри), much less a house (не говоря уж о доме: «гораздо менее — дом»).

For two years I lived in fear (два года я жил в страхе). All that I did was to make my home stronger and safer (все, что я делал, было сделать мой дом крепче и безопаснее).

Far in the woods I built a large pen of logs and stakes (далеко в лесу я построил большой склад из бревен и кольев; pen — загон; огороженная площадка). Around it I planted a hedge like that in front of the castle (вокруг него я посадил живую изгородь, как перед моим замком). Then I put a dozen young goats into it (затем я пустил дюжину молодых коз в него), to feed upon the grass and grow (чтобы питаться = пастись на траве и расти).

If savages should come, and if they should kill the other goats (если бы дикари пришли и убили бы других коз), they could not find these (они бы не нашли этих); for they were too well hidden in the deep woods (так как они были слишком хорошо спрятаны в глубоком лесу; to hide — прятать).

All these things I did because I had seen the print of a man's foot in the sand (все эти вещи я сделал потому, что увидел след человека на песке).

often [ˈɔf(ǝ)n, ˈɔft(ǝ)n], pleasure [ˈpleʒǝ], naked [ˈneɪkɪd], ghost [ˈɡǝust], defend [dɪˈfend], stir [stǝ:], weary [ˈwɪǝrɪ], notion [ˈnǝuʃ(ǝ)n]

I SEE SOMETHING IN THE SAND

WHEN the weather was fine I often went over to the other side of the island to look at my canoe.

Sometimes I spent several days at my summer house. Then, going over to where the canoe was kept, I took short sails along the shore. These little voyages gave me a great deal of pleasure.

One morning as I was going to the canoe a strange thing happened.

I was walking slowly along and looking down, and what do you think I saw?

I saw the print of a man's naked foot in the sand.

The sight made me cold all over.

I stood like one that had seen a ghost. I looked around. I listened. I trembled.

I went to the top of a little hill to look farther. Then I walked up the shore and down the shore. I saw no other tracks.

I went back to make sure that I was not dreaming. Yes, there in the sand was the print of man's foot. It showed the toes, the heel, and the sole of the foot. I was not dreaming.

My mind was filled with a thousand thoughts and questions. Where was the man who made that track? Who was he? How did he get there?

I was so frightened that I did not go to the canoe. I turned back and went to my castle as fast as I could.

Whether I went over by the ladder or through the hole in the rock, I do not know. But I shut myself up as quickly as I could and began to get ready to defend myself.

That night I could not sleep. I lay in my hammock, and thought and thought.

The track must have been made by an Indian or some other wild savage. This savage had come perhaps from the land that I had seen far across the sea.

Perhaps he had come to the island alone. Perhaps he had come with many others of his kind. But where was he now?

I was so much afraid that I did not stir out of my castle for three days and nights. I was almost starved, for I had only two or three barley cakes in my kitchen.

Little by little I became brave enough to go out again. I crept softly down to my fields to milk the goats. Poor things! They were glad enough to see me.

But every sound made me start and look around. I fancied that I saw a savage behind every tree. I lived for days like some hunted thing that trembles at its own shadow.

And all because I had seen the print of a foot in the sand!

Little by little I grew bolder, and I made up my mind to strengthen my castle. If savage Indians should indeed come and find me, I would be ready for them.

So I carried out earth and small stones, and piled them up against the castle wall till it was ten feet thick. I have already told you how strong it was at first, and how I had made a dense hedge of trees on the outside. It was now so strong that nothing could break through it.

Through the wall at certain places I made five holes large enough for a man's arm to reach in. In each of these holes I planted a gun; for you will remember that I brought several from the ship.

Each one of these guns was fitted in a frame that could be drawn back and forth. They worked so well in their places that I could shoot off all five of them in less than two minutes.

Many a weary month did I work before I had my wall to my notion. But at last it was finished.

The hedge that was before it grew up so thick and high that no man nor animal could see through it. If you had seen it, you would not have dreamed there was anything inside of it, much less a house.

For two years I lived in fear. All that I did was to make my home stronger and safer.

Far in the woods I built a large pen of logs and stakes. Around it I planted a hedge like that in front of the castle. Then I put a dozen young goats into it, to feed upon the grass and grow.

If savages should come, and if they should kill the other goats, they could not find these; for they were too well hidden in the deep woods.

All these things I did because I had seen the print of a man's foot in the sand.

I AM AGAIN ALARMED

(я вновь встревожен)

FIVE or six years had passed (пять или шесть лет прошли), and not another footprint had I seen (а я не видел другого отпечатка ноги).

I had gotten over my great fright (я преодолел мой большой страх; to get over smth. — перейти, перелезть, переправиться через что-л.; преодолеть /трудности/; привыкнуть к чему-л.; свыкнуться с мыслью о чем-л.), and yet I was not so bold as I had been (но все же я не был не столь отважным, каким был /раньше/). Any sudden sound would make me start and look around (любой неожиданный звук мог заставить меня вздрогнуть и /начать/ осматриваться).

I thought that if savage men had been on the island once (я думал, что если дикие люди были на острове однажды), they were quite likely to come again (они вполне могли прийти опять; likely — вероятно). So I kept on the lookout for them all the time (поэтому я продолжал быть начеку все время/поджидал их все время).

My flock of goats had now grown to be very large (мое стадо коз выросло и стало очень большим), and I needed another field (и мне требовалось другое поле). I wished to put some of them in a hidden spot (я хотел спрятать некоторых из них в потаенное место; to hide — прятать) where the savages, if they did come, would not find them (где дикари, если бы они пришли, не нашли бы их).

I had already a small flock in one such spot (у меня уже было маленькое стадо в одном таком месте), as I have told you (как я вам /уже/ говорил). But now I wished to have another (но теперь я желал, чтобы было еще одно).

In looking for the right kind of place (ища подходящее место), I went all over the island (я обошел весь остров). I even went far out on a rocky point beyond the place where I kept my canoe (я вышел даже на скалистое место за тем местом, где я держал каноэ; point — точка; место, пункт).

As I was standing on a rock and looking out to sea (когда я стоял на скале и смотрел на море), I thought I saw a boat in the distance (я подумал, что увидел лодку на расстоянии = мне показалось, что вдали я увидел лодку). It was only a little speck on the water (это было лишь пятнышко на воде), and it seemed to rise and fall with the waves (и, казалось, оно поднимается и падает с волнами). It could not be a rock (это не могла быть скала).

I looked at it till my eyes could look no more (я глядел на него, пока мои глаза больше не могли смотреть). I had saved a spyglass out of the ship (я сохранил/спас подзорную трубу с корабля); but, as luck would have it (но, как было угодно судьбе; luck — фортуна, судьба; счастливый случай, шанс), I had left it at home (я оставил ее дома; to leave — оставлять). How I wished for it then (как я желал ее тогда)!

Whether I really saw a boat or not (видел ли я в действительности лодку или нет), I do not know (не знаю). But as I walked back along the shore (но пока я шел обратно вдоль берега), I made up my mind never to go out again without my spyglass (я решил никогда больше не выходить без подзорной трубы).

I walked slowly along, thinking of what I had seen (я шел медленно, думая о том, что увидел). All at once I came upon that which made my heart stand still (вдруг я наткнулся на то, что заставило мое сердце остановиться; to stand still — стоять на месте: «стоять неподвижно»).

On the sandy, sloping beach of a pleasant little harbor (на песчаной, спускающейся /к воде/ береговой полосе красивой маленькой заводи; slope — наклон, уклон; скат, склон; откос; to slope — клониться; иметь наклон) I saw not only one footprint, but hundreds of them (я увидел не только один отпечаток ноги, но сотни их; print — оттиск; отпечаток; след).

I stood still, afraid to move (я стоял как вкопанный, боясь пошевелиться).

But the footprints were not all (но отпечатки ноги — это было не все). The beach at one place was covered with bones and bits of flesh (берег был покрыт костями и кусками мяса), as in a slaughter house (как на скотобойне; slaughter — убой, забой /скота/). Some of the bones were quite fresh (некоторые из костей были довольно свежими); some had been charred with fire (некоторые потемнели от огня: «были опаленными огнем»; to char — обжечь, опалить).

"Here the savages have been holding a feast (здесь дикари устраивали: «держали» пир)," I said to myself (сказал я себе).

A little farther on I saw that a pit had been dug in the sand (немного дальше я увидел, что в песке была выкопана яма; to dig — копать), and here they had had their fire (и /что/ здесь у них был костер). The ashes were still warm (зола еще была теплой).

I wondered what kind of a feast these wild men had been having (я задавался вопросом, какой пир эти дикие люди устраивали). There were savages on the mainland who were said to kill and eat the captives (были дикари на материке, которые, как говорили, убивали и ели пленников) whom they took in war (которых они брали на войне). Cannibals they were called (их называли: «они были называемы» каннибалами).

Could this have been a feast of cannibals (могло это быть пиром каннибалов)? And were these the bones and flesh of human beings (были ли это кости и мясо людей: «людских существ»)?

I trembled as I thought of it (я задрожал, когда подумал об этом).

I turned and ran from the place as fast as I could (я развернулся и побежал от этого места так быстро, как /только/ мог).

I ran until I could go no farther (я бежал, пока не мог двигаться больше). My breath came fast (мое дыхание прерывалось: «приходило быстро»). I sank down upon the ground (я опустился/упал на землю; to sink — опускаться, падать).

When I had rested a little while (когда я отдохнул немного; while — промежуток времени), I looked around and found that I was not very far from my castle (я осмотрелся и обнаружил, что я был не очень далеко от моего замка). All around me was peaceful and still (все вокруг меня было мирно и спокойно; still — бесшумный, тихий, безмолвный; неподвижный). I was surely safe from harm (я был определенно спасен от вреда/беды = был в безопасности).

With tears in my eyes (со слезами на глазах) I knelt down and gave thanks to God (я упал на колени и вознес благодарность Богу; to kneel — преклонять колени, становиться на колени). I thanked him that he had kept me alive and safe through so many years (я благодарил Его, /за то/ что Он сохранил меня живым и невредимым на протяжении стольких многих лет). I thanked him that I had been cast on the side of the island which was never visited by savages (я благодарил Его за то, что я был выброшен на /ту/ сторону острова, которую никогда не посещали дикари). I thanked him for all the comforts and blessings that were mine (за все удобства и благословения = счастье, которые были моими = выпали мне на долю; blessing — благословение; блаженство, счастье; to bless — благославлять).

Then I arose and went home to my castle (затем я встал и пошел домой в мой замок; to arise — подниматься, вставать).

As I sat before my door that evening (когда я сидел перед своей дверью в тот вечер), I thought the whole matter over (я обдумал весь вопрос: «всю материю»; to think smth. over — обдумывать что-л.), and felt much easier in my mind (и почувствовал намного легче в душе = почувствовал облегчение; mind — разум; умственные способности; ум; настроение, расположение духа).

I had been on the island eighteen years before I saw the first footprint (я пробыл на острове восемнадцать лет, прежде чем увидел первый отпечаток ноги). I had been there twenty-three years before I saw any other signs of savages (я пробыл там двадцать три года, прежде чем увидел другие признаки дикарей; sign — знак). It was likely that many more years would pass before any harm should come to me (было похоже, что много лет пройдут, прежде чем какая-либо беда постигнет меня).

With these thoughts I lay down in my hammock and slept without fear (с этими мыслями я лег в мой гамак и спал без страха).

But it was a long time before I went again to the farther shore of the island (но прошло долгое время, прежде чем я пошел опять на дальний берег острова). I did not even go to look after my canoe (я даже не пошел взглянуть на мое каноэ = проверить свое каноэ; to look after smb., smth. — следить глазами, взглядом; присматривать, ухаживать за кем-л., чем-л., заботиться о ком-л., чем-л.).

The days went quietly by (дни тихо проходили). I kept quite close to my castle (я держался довольно близко к замку), and busied myself with my goats and my grain (и занимался козами и зерном).

I was always on my guard (я постоянно был начеку; guard — охрана, защита; бдительность, осторожность), and never stepped out of doors without first looking around me (и никогда не выходил из дверей, сначала не осмотревшись).

bold [ˈbǝuld], harbor [ˈhɑ:bǝ], slaughter [ˈslɔ:tǝ], cannibal [ˈkænɪb(ǝ)l], breath [breƟ], look [luk]

I AM AGAIN ALARMED

FIVE or six years had passed, and not another footprint had I seen.

I had gotten over my great fright, and yet I was not so bold as I had been. Any sudden sound would make me start and look around. I thought that if savage men had been on the island once, they were quite likely to come again. So I kept on the lookout for them all the time.

My flock of goats had now grown to be very large, and I needed another field. I wished to put some of them in a hidden spot where the savages, if they did come, would not find them.

I had already a small flock in one such spot, as I have told you. But now I wished to have another.

In looking for the right kind of place, I went all over the island. I even went far out on a rocky point beyond the place where I kept my canoe.

As I was standing on a rock and looking out to sea, I thought I saw a boat in the distance. I was only a little speck on the water, and it seemed to rise and fall with the waves. It could not be a rock.

I looked at it till my eyes could look no more. I had saved a spyglass out of the ship; but, as luck would have it, I had left it at home. How I wished for it then!

Whether I really saw a boat or not, I do not know. But as I walked back along the shore, I made up my mind never to go out again without my spyglass.

I walked slowly along, thinking of what I had seen. All at once I came upon that which made my heart stand still.

On the sandy, sloping beach of a pleasant little harbor I saw not only one footprint, but hundreds of them.

I stood still, afraid to move.

But the footprints were not all. The beach at one place was covered with bones and bits of flesh, as in a slaughter house. Some of the bones were quite fresh; some had been charred with fire.

"Here the savages have been holding a feast," I said to myself.

A little farther on I saw that a pit had been dug in the sand, and here they had had their fire. The ashes were still warm.

I wondered what kind of a feast these wild men had been having. There were savages on the mainland who were said to kill and eat the captives whom they took in war. Cannibals, they were called.

Could this have been a feast of cannibals? And were these the bones and flesh of human beings?

I trembled as I thought of it.

I turned and ran from the place as fast as I could.

I ran until I could go no farther. My breath came fast. I sank down upon the ground.

When I had rested a little while, I looked around and found that I was not very far from my castle. All around me was peaceful and still. I was surely safe from harm.

With tears in my eyes I knelt down and gave thanks to God. I thanked him that he had kept me alive and safe through so many years. I thanked him that I had been cast on the side of the island which was never visited by savages. I thanked him for all the comforts and blessings that were mine.

Then I arose and went home to my castle.

As I sat before my door that evening, I thought the whole matter over, and felt much easier in my mind.

I had been on the island eighteen years before I saw the first footprint. I had been there twenty-three years before I saw any other signs of savages. It was likely that many more years would pass before any harm should come to me.

With these thoughts I lay down in my hammock and slept without fear.

But it was a long time before I went again to the farther shore of the island. I did not even go to look after my canoe.

The days went quietly by. I kept quite close to my castle, and busied myself with my goats and my grain.

I was always on my guard, and never stepped out of doors without first looking around me.

I MAKE A SURPRISING DISCOVERY

(я совершаю удивительное открытие)

ONCE every week I went into the woods to see the flock of goats that I had hidden there (один раз каждую неделю я ходил в лес посмотреть на стадо коз, которое я спрятал там; to hide — прятать).

I always carried my gun (я всегда носил = имел при себе ружье), but since my last great fright (но с последнего моего большого страха = с тех пор, как я сильно был напуган) I did not dare to fire it off (я не осмеливался выстрелить из него). I was afraid even to drive a nail (я боялся даже забить гвоздь) or chop a stick of wood (или срубить ветку дерева), lest some savages might be near enough to hear the sound (так как дикари могли быть достаточно близко, чтобы услышать звук; lest — чтобы не, как бы не; что /после глаголов и фраз, обозначающих опасение: вводит дополнение, выражаюшее событие, которого опасаются/).

I was afraid to build a fire at my castle (я боялся развести огонь у моего замка), lest the smoke should be seen (так как дым мог быть увиден).

At last I carried some of my pots and kettles to my hidden field in the woods (в конце концов я принес несколько моих горшков и чайников на мое спрятанное поле в лесу; pot — горшок, котелок, кастрюля). I could do my cooking there much more safely than at my castle (я мог заниматься готовкой там намного в большей безопасности, чем в замке).

Hardly had I put things in order there when I found something that made me very glad (едва я разложил там вещи в порядке, как обнаружил нечто, что сделало меня очень радостным = очень обрадовало меня). What do you suppose it was (что, вы полагаете, это было; to suppose — предполагать)?

It was a cave — a real cave (это была пещера — настоящая пещера). The door into it was through a little hollow place at the bottom of a great rock (дверь в нее была через маленькое отверстие: «полое место» у подножия большой скалы). It was so well hidden that no one could have found it even by looking for it (оно было так хорошо спрятано, что никто не мог бы найти его, даже ища его).

Shall I tell you how I came upon it (должен ли я сказать вам, как как я наткнулся на нее)?

I was afraid to make a smoke near my house (я боялся разводить дым около моего дома), and yet I could not live without cooking meat (но все же не мог жить, не готовя мяса). I tried all kinds of dry wood (я испытал все виды сухой древесины), and yet there was always some smoke (но все же всегда был какой-то дым). Then I thought I would try charcoal (затем я подумал, что стоит попробовать древесный уголь). But I must first make the charcoal (но сначала я должен был сделать древесный уголь).

I found a place in the darkest part of the woods (я нашел место в самой темной части леса) where the smoke would hardly rise to the tops of the trees (где бы дым едва поднялся бы до макушек деревьев). There I built my charcoal pit (там я устроил яму для древесного угля; to build — строить).

This was done in the following way (это было сделано следующим способом):

First, I cleared off a round space about ten feet in diameter (сначала я расчистил круглое пространство около десяти футов в диаметре). Here I dug out the earth (здесь я выкопал землю; to dig out — выкапывать) till I made a pit about a foot deep (пока не сделал яму около фута глубиной). Then I cut a cord or more of wood (затем я нарубил корд[9] или больше дров) and piled it up in this space (и уложил его на этом пространстве). I piled it up until it was almost as high as my shoulders (я укладывал их /дрова/, пока они не было почти такими высокими, как мои плечи = на уровне моих плеч; to pile up — нагромождать). I covered it a foot deep with earth and turf (я накрыл их слоем земли и дерна глубиной в фут; deep — глубокий), leaving a small open place at the bottom (оставив маленькое открытое место у основания).

When this was done (когда это было сделано), I set fire to the wood through the hole in the bottom (я поджег древесину через отверстие у основания). It burned slowly (она горела медленно). The wood became charcoal (древесина стала древесным углем; to become — становиться).

One day, while cutting wood for my charcoal pit (однажды, когда я рубил дерево для моей ямы для древесного угля), I happened to see a hollow place in the rock close by a tree I was chopping (мне случилось увидеть углубление в скале близко к дереву, которое я рубил).

It was half covered with brush (оно было наполовину закрыто кустарником). I pushed this aside and looked in (я отодвинул его в сторону и заглянул внутрь). I saw a little cave just large enough for me to creep into on my hands and knees (я увидел маленькую пещеру, достаточно большую только /для того, чтобы/ я пробрался на руках и коленях = на четвереньках; to creep — ползти; пробираться).

But, a little farther in (но немного дальше вглубь), it was larger (она была больше; large — большой, крупный). It was so high that I could stand upright (она была такой высокой = такой высоты, что я мог стоять выпрямившись), and it was so wide that two men could have walked in it side by side (и была такой широкой = такой ширины, что два человека могли идти в ней бок о бок).

It was a very dark place (это было очень темное место), and I stood still a moment (и я мгновение стоял неподвижно) till my eyes should become a little used to it (пока мои глаза немного не привыкли к ней: «пока мои глаза не станут немного привыкшими к ней»).

All at once I saw something in the darkness that made me scramble out of that place much faster than I had come into it (вдруг я увидел что-то в темноте, что заставило меня выкарабкаться из этого места намного быстрее, чем я вошел туда; to scramble — продираться, карабкаться).

What do you think it was (что, вы думаете, это было)? Two big shining eyes (два больших блестящих глаза) that glowed like coals in the darkness (которые пылали, как угли в темноте). Whether they were the eyes of a man or of some fierce beast (были ли это глаза человека или какого-то свирепого животного), I did not stop to see (я не остановился посмотреть = не стал дожидаться ясности).

I stood a little while by the mouth of the cave (я постоял немного у входа в пещеру; mouth — рот; устье, вход; входное отверстие) and then I began to get over my fright (и затем я начал превозмогать свой страх).

What could there be in this cave that would do me harm (что могло быть в этой пещере, что могло причинить мне вред)? No man could live there in the darkness (ни один человек не мог жить там в темноте). As for any animal (что касается любого животного), I knew there was nothing fiercer on the island than one of my cats (я знал, что не было ничего более свирепого на острове, чем одна из моих кошек; fierce — жестокий, лютый, свирепый).

So, with a blazing stick for a torch (поэтому, с ярко горящей палкой вместо = в качестве факела; to blaze — гореть ярким пламенем; сверкать, сиять, блистать; stick — палка; прут; torch — факел), I crept back into the cave (я пробрался обратно в пещеру). But I had not gone three steps before I was frightened almost as much as before (но я не прошел трех шагов, как был напуган почти так же сильно, как раньше).

I heard a loud sigh (я услышал громкий вздох), like that of a man in trouble (как /звук/ человека в беде). Then there were low moans (затем раздались: «были»низкие стоны), and sounds as of some one trying to speak (и звуки, словно от кого-то, пытающегося говорить = словно издаваемые кем-то…).

I stopped short (я остановился как вкопанный; short — короткий; резко, круто). Cold chills ran down my back (холодок: «холодный озноб» пробежал вниз у меня по спине; chill — простуда, озноб). My hair seemed to stand on end (казалось, волосы встали дыбом; on end — стоймя; дыбом). But I would not allow myself to run out again (но я не позволил бы себе выбежать опять).

I pushed my little torch forward into the darkness (я толкнул = протянул мой маленький факел вперед в темноту), as far as I could (так далеко, как я мог). The blaze lit up the cave (пламя осветило пещеру; blaze — яркий огонь, пламя; to light /up/ — зажигать; освещать). And what do you suppose I saw then (и что вы полагаете, я увидел затем)?

Why, nothing but a shaggy old goat (да ничего, как только потрепанную старого козла; goat — козел; коза) that I had missed from my flock for nearly a week past (которого недоставало моему стаду почти неделю уже = который пропал из стада почти неделю назад; to miss smth. — обнаружить отсутствие /чего-л./).

He was stretched on the floor of the cave (он лежал, растянувшись на полу пещеры), and too weak to rise up (и был слишком слаб, чтобы встать). He was a very old fellow (он был очень старым: «старым парнем»), and perhaps had gone in there to die (и, возможно, зашел сюда умирать).

I gave him some food and water (я дал ему еды и воды), and made him as comfortable as I could (и сделал ему так удобно, как мог). But he was too far gone to live long (но он был слишком стар, чтобы прожить долго).

I found that, although I could stand up in the cave, it was very small (я обнаружил, что, хотя я мог стоять в пещере, она была очень маленькой). It was only a hole in the rocks (она была лишь дырой в скалах), and was neither round nor square (и не была ни круглой, ни квадратной).

But at the end of this little chamber there seemed to be a passage that led farther in (но в конце этой маленькой комнаты, казалось, был проход, который вел дальше внутрь; to lead — вести). This passage was very narrow and dark (этот проход был узким и темным; to pass — проходить), and as my torch had burned out (и поскольку мой факел выгорел), I did not try to follow it (я не попытался последовать по нему).

I went back to my wood chopping (я вернулся к моей рубке леса).

discovery [dɪˈskʌv(ǝ)rɪ], suppose [sǝˈpǝuz], upon [ǝˈpɔn], charcoal [ˈtʃɑ:kǝul], brush [brʌʃ], aside [ǝˈsaɪd], sigh [ˈsaɪ], chamber [ˈtʃeɪmbǝ], passage [ˈpæsɪdʒ]

I MAKE A SURPRISING DISCOVERY

ONCE every week I went into the woods to see the flock of goats that I had hidden there. I always carried my gun, but since my last great fright I did not dare to fire it off. I was afraid even to drive a nail or chop a stick of wood, lest some savages might be near enough to hear the sound.

I was afraid to build a fire at my castle, lest the smoke should be seen.

At last I carried some of my pots and kettles to my hidden field in the woods. I could do my cooking there much more safely than at my castle.

Hardly had I put things in order there when I found something that made me very glad. What do you suppose it was?

It was a cave — a real cave. The door into it was through a little hollow place at the bottom of a great rock. It was so well hidden that no one could have found it even by looking for it.

Shall I tell you how I came upon it?

I was afraid to make a smoke near my house, and yet I could not live without cooking meat. I tried all kinds of dry wood, and yet there was always some smoke. Then I thought I would try charcoal. But I must first make the charcoal.

I found a place in the darkest part of the woods where the smoke would hardly rise to the tops of the trees. There I built my charcoal pit.

This was done in the following way:

First, I cleared off a round space about ten feet in diameter. Here I dug out the earth till I made a pit about a foot deep. Then I cut a cord or more of wood and piled it up in this space. I piled it up until it was almost as high as my shoulders. I covered it a foot deep with earth and turf, leaving a small open place at the bottom.

When this was done, I set fire to the wood through the hole in the bottom. It burned slowly. The wood became charcoal.

One day, while cutting wood for my charcoal pit, I happened to see a hollow place in the rock close by a tree I was chopping.

It was half covered with brush. I pushed this aside and looked in. I saw a little cave just large enough for me to creep into on my hands and knees.

But, a little farther in, it was larger. It was so high that I could stand upright, and it was so wide that two men could have walked in it side by side.

It was a very dark place, and I stood still a moment till my eyes should become a little used to it.

All at once I saw something in the darkness that made me scramble out of that place much faster than I had come into it.

What do you think it was? Two big shining eyes that glowed like coals in the darkness. Whether they were the eyes of a man or of some fierce beast, I did not stop to see.

I stood a little while by the mouth of the cave and then I began to get over my fright.

What could there be in this cave that would do me harm? No man could live there in the darkness. As for any animal, I knew there was nothing fiercer on the island than one of my cats.

So, with a blazing stick for a torch, I crept back into the cave. But I had not gone three steps before I was frightened almost as much as before.

I heard a loud sigh, like that of a man in trouble. Then there were low moans, and sounds as of some one trying to speak.

I stopped short. Cold chills ran down my back. My hair seemed to stand on end. But I would not allow myself to run out again.

I pushed my little torch forward into the darkness, as far as I could. The blaze lit up the cave. And what do you suppose I saw then?

Why, nothing but a shaggy old goat that I had missed from my flock for nearly a week past.

He was stretched on the floor of the cave, and too weak to rise up. He was a very old fellow, and perhaps had gone in there to die.

I gave him some food and water, and made him as comfortable as I could. But he was too far gone to live long.

I found that, although I could stand up in the cave, it was very small. It was only a hole in the rocks, and was neither round nor square.

But at the end of this little chamber there seemed to be a passage that led farther in. This passage was very narrow and dark, and as my torch had burned out, I did not try to follow it.

I went back to my wood chopping.

I EXPLORE MY CAVE FURTHER

(я исследую мою пещеру дальше)

THE next day I brought out with me six big candles (на следующий день в вынес с собой шесть больших свечей).

For you must know that I was a candle maker (так как вы должны знать, что я был создателем свечей = делал свечи) as well as a baker (равно как и пекарем). Indeed, I made very good candles of goats' tallow, using some bits of old ropes for the wicks (в самом деле, я делал очень хорошие свечи из сала коз, использую куски веревки для фитилей).

As I have just said, I took six candles with me, for I had made up my mind to learn more about the cave I had found (как я только что сказал, я взял шесть свечей собой, так как я решил узнать больше о пещере, которую я нашел).

I lit two of the candles (я зажег две свечи; to light — зажигать), and went in (зашел внутрь). The poor old goat was dead (бедный старый козел был мертв), and it was no easy work to dig a hole right there and bury him (и было нелегкой работой выкопать яму прямо там и похоронить его; hole — дыра; отверстие; яма).

After this unpleasant task was done (после того как это неприятное задание было сделано), I went into the back part of the cave (я пошел в заднюю часть пещеры). The flame of the candles lighted up the darkness (пламя свечей освещало темноту), and I could see quite plainly (и я мог видеть довольно сносно; plainly — ясно, различимо, отчетливо; plain — плоский, ровный /уст./; очевидный, явный, ясный).

The narrow passage of which I have told you was no less than thirty feet long (узкий проход, о котором я рассказал вам, был не меньше тридцати футов длиной). In one place it was so low that I had to creep through on all fours (в одном месте он был таким низким, что мне пришлось ползти на четвереньках: «на всех четырех»; through — через, сквозь, по).

But no sooner was I through this low place than I found myself in a splendid chamber (но как только я прошел это низкое место, я обнаружил себя в великолепной комнате). It was large enough to shelter a hundred men (она была достаточно большой, чтобы укрыть сто человек).

Indeed, it seemed like the great hall of some old English castle (в самом деле, она казалось /похожей/ на большую залу старого английского замка). I had never seen anything so grand (я никогда не видел ничего столь величественного).

The roof was at least twenty feet high (крыша была, по крайне мере, двадцати футов высотой). The light from my two candles shone upon the walls (свет моих двух свечей освещал стены: «светил на стены»; to shine — светить) and made it look as though covered with thousand of bright stars (и заставлял их выглядеть, как будто они покрыты тысячею ярких звезд).

Whether these were diamonds (были ли это бриллианты), or gold (или золото), or some other precious things (или какие-то другие ценные вещи = ценности), I did not know (я не знал), and in fact I never learned (и на самом деле никогда и не узнал).

The floor was dry and level (пол был сухим и ровным). It was covered with white sand (он был покрыт белым песком), which was very clean (который был очень чистым).

I was delighted (я был рад/в восторге; delight — удовлетворение, удовольствие, наслаждение; to delight — радовать, восхищать /обыкновенно: to be delighted — быть обрадованным/). No better or safer storehouse could I have wished (лучшего или более безопасного склада я не мог и желать).

When I had looked at the room on every side and found that it was really the end of the cave (когда я осмотрел комнаты с каждой стороны и обнаружил, что это действительно был конец пещеры), I went out and hurried back to my castle (я вышел и поспешил обратно в замок).

I found that I still had about sixty pounds of powder (я обнаружил, что у меня все еще есть почти шестьдесят фунтов пороха). This was the first thing that I carried to my new cavern (это было первое, что я отнес в мою новую пещеру). I took thither also the lead (я взял туда также свинец) that I had for making bullets and small shot (который был у меня для изготовления пуль и маленькой = мелкой дроби).

I felt now like one of the wonderful elves that you read about (я чувствовал себя, как один из тех прекрасных эльфов, о которых вы читаете). They live, as you know, in rocks and in caves where none can get at them (они живут, как вы знаете, в скалах и пещерах, где никто не может добраться до них); and they have hidden treasures of gold and precious stones (и у них есть спрятанные сокровища золота и ценных камней).

What if a hundred savages should hunt me (что если сто дикарей погонятся за мной; to hunt — охотиться; травить, гнать)? They could not come near me here (они не смогут приблизиться ко мне здесь). I was safe from all foes (был в безопасности от всех врагов).

I fitted the cave up with whatever was needed to make it comfortable (я оборудовал пещеру всем, что было необходимо, чтобы сделать ее удобной для жизни).

If the worst came to the worst (если бы случилось самое страшное: «если бы худшее пришло к к худшему»; the worst — худшее), I meant to live there (я намеревался жить там). And yet I did not wish to be obliged to do this (но все же я не желал быть вынужденным делать это; to oblige — обязывать; связывать /обязательством, клятвой/; заставлять, принуждать).

When everything was safe and snug (когда все было безопасно и удобно/уютно; snug — удобный; приятный; уютный), I laid some green branches over the entrance and went back to my castle (я уложил несколько зеленых веток над входом = прикрыл вход ветками и пошел обратно в замок; to lay — класть).

I was very glad when I sat down in my old kitchen again (я был очень рад, когда снова сел в моей старой кухне; to sit down — садиться). For, after all, no other place was so much like home (так как, после всего = в конце концов, нет места лучше дома: «никакое другое место не было столь сильно похоже на дом»).

I had now been twenty-three years on this island (я пробыл на острове уже двадцать три года). If it had not been for fear of savages (если бы не страх перед дикарями), I would have been the happiest man in the world (я был бы самым счастливым человеком в мире).

During all those years I had been very busy (в течение всех этих лет я был очень занят). I did not work all the time, as you know (я не работал все время, как вы знаете), but I amused myself in various ways (но развлекал себя разными способами).

I spent much time with Poll, the parrot (я проводил много времени с Попкой-попугаем; to spend — проводить /время/). He soon learned to talk so well that it was a pleasure to hear him (он вскоре научился говорить так хорошо, что было удовольствием слушать его).

My dog had been my best friend and companion (мой пес был моим лучшим другом и спутником/товарищем). He lived for sixteen years (он прожил шестнадцать лет), and then died of old age (и затем умер от старости).

As for my cats, the woods were full of them (что касается моих кошек, леса были полны ими). All ran wild except the two that I kept in my castle (все стали дикими, за исключением двух, которых я держал в замке; to run wild — одичать). These were good mousers and fine pets (они были хорошими ловцами мышей и прекрасными любимцами /домашними животными/; mouse — мышь).

I had also several tame fowls (у меня также было несколько прирученных птиц). These I had caught near the seashore when they were young (этих я поймал у берега, когда они были молодыми; to catch — ловить). I cut their wing feathers short (я обрезал их перья на крыльях коротко) and taught them to eat from my hand (и научил их есть с моей руки; to teach — обучать).

I never knew what kind of birds they were (я так и не узнал, что это были за птицы), but they were large, almost as large as chickens (но они были крупными, почти такими же крупными, как цыплята). They lived among the hedge trees in front of my castle (они жили среди деревьев живой изгороди перед моим замком).

They made their nests there (они вили там гнезда) and kept me well supplied with eggs (и держали меня хорошо обеспеченным яйцами = постоянно обеспечивали меня яйцами; to supply — снабжать /чем-л. — with/, поставлять; доставлять). I did not need to keep any other poultry (мне не было нужды держать какую-либо другую домашнюю птицу).

Thus I lived very pleasantly in my island home (таким образом я жил очень вольготно в моем островном доме). I would have been content to live there always if I could have felt safe from savages (я был бы согласен: «доволен» жить там всегда, если бы я мог чувствовать себя в безопасности от дикарей).

explore [ɪkˈsplɔ:], candle [kændl], darkness [ˈdɑ:knɪs], splendid [ˈsplendɪd], diamond [ˈdaɪǝmǝnd], precious [ˈpreʃǝs], delighted [dɪˈlaɪtɪd], treasure [ˈtreʒǝ], entrance [ˈentrǝns], amused [ǝˈmju:zd], companion [kǝmˈpænjǝn], poultry [ˈpǝultrɪ], content [kǝnˈtent]

I EXPLORE MY CAVE FURTHER

THE next day I brought out with me six big candles.

For you must know that I was a candle maker as well as a baker. Indeed, I made very good candles of goats' tallow, using some bits of old ropes for the wicks. As I have just said, I took six candles with me, for I had made up my mind to learn more about the cave I had found.

I lit two of the candles, and went in. The poor old goat was dead, and it was no easy work to dig a hole right there and bury him.

After this unpleasant task was done, I went into the back part of the cave. The flame of the candles lighted up the darkness, and I could see quite plainly.

The narrow passage of which I have told you was no less than thirty feet long. In one place it was so low that I had to creep through on all fours.

But no sooner was I through this low place than I found myself in a splendid chamber. It was large enough to shelter a hundred men.

Indeed, it seemed like the great hall of some old English castle. I had never seen anything so grand.

The roof was at least twenty feet high. The light from my two candles shone upon the walls and made it look as though covered with thousand of bright stars.

Whether these were diamonds, or gold, or some other precious things, I did not know, and in fact I never learned.

The floor was dry and level. It was covered with white sand, which was very clean.

I was delighted. No better or safer storehouse could I have wished.

When I had looked at the room on every side and found that it was really the end of the cave, I went out and hurried back to my castle.

I found that I still had about sixty pounds of powder. This was the first thing that I carried to my new cavern. I took thither also the lead that I had for making bullets and small shot.

I felt now like one of the wonderful elves that you read about. They live, as you know, in rocks and in caves where none can get at them; and they have hidden treasures of gold and precious stones.

What if a hundred savages should hunt me? They could not come near me here. I was safe from all foes.

I fitted the cave up with whatever was needed to make it comfortable.

If the worst came to the worst, I meant to live there. And yet I did not wish to be obliged to do this.

When everything was safe and snug, I laid some green branches over the entrance and went back to my castle.

I was very glad when I sat down in my old kitchen again. For, after all, no other place was so much like home.

I had now been twenty-three years on this island. If it had not been for fear of savages, I would have been the happiest man in the world.

During all those years I had been very busy. I did not work all the time, as you know, but I amused myself in various ways.

I spent much time with Poll, the parrot. He soon learned to talk so well that it was a pleasure to hear him.

My dog had been my best friend and companion. He lived for sixteen years, and then died of old age.

As for my cats, the woods were full of them. All ran wild except the two that I kept in my castle. These were good mousers and fine pets.

I had also several tame fowls. These I had caught near the seashore when they were young. I cut their wing feathers short and taught them to eat from my hand.

I never knew what kind of birds they were, but they were large, almost as large as chickens. They lived among the hedge trees in front of my castle.

They made their nests there and kept me well supplied with eggs. I did not need to keep any other poultry.

Thus I lived very pleasantly in my island home. I would have been content to live there always if I could have felt safe from savages.

I SEE SAVAGES

(я вижу дикарей)

EARLY one morning (рано утром) in harvest time (во время сбора урожая) I went out to my grain fields to cut down some barley (я выходил в мои зерновые поля срезать ячмень = собирать ячмень). The days were so very hot that it was pleasanter to rise before daylight (эти дни были такими жаркими, что было приятнее встать до восхода) and do the heavier part of my work before the sun was high (и сделать самую тяжелую часть моей работы прежде, чем солнце будет высоко).

On this morning of which I am telling you (тем утром, о котором я рассказываю вам), I started out while it was still quite dark (я вышел в путь, когда еще было довольно темно). I had been to the fields so often that I could have found the way with my eyes shut (я бывал в полях так часто, что мог бы найти путь с закрытыми глазами; to shut — закрывать).

As I went along (пока я шел; to go along — двигаться вперед /обычно по дороге, по улице/), I was surprised to see a light far over toward my side of the island (я был удивлен увидеть огонек вдалеке ближе к моей стороне острова). I stopped and looked (я остановился и стал смотреть). It was plainly the light of a blazing fire (это был явно свет ярко горящего костра; to blaze — гореть ярким пламенем; fire — огонь; костер).

Who could have built a fire there (кто мог бы развести там костер)?

Surely none but savages (определенно никто, кроме дикарей).

I was so much surprised (я так удивлен) that I stood still and wondered (что остановился как вкопанный и задумался).

What if those savages should find my grain fields (что если те дикари найдут мои зерновые поля)?

They would know at once that somebody had planted them (они сразу узнают = поймут, что кто-то их посадил), and they would never rest till they should find me (и не успокоятся, пока не найдут меня; never — никогда).

I could now see the blaze quite plainly (я мог теперь видеть довольно ясно/отчетливо). As the day dawned (день рассветал), I could also see the smoke rising above the trees (я мог также видеть дым, поднимающийся над деревьями). The fire was not more than two miles away (костер был не более чем в двух милях).

I hurried back to my castle as fast as I could run (я поспешил обратно к замку так быстро, как только мог бежать). I made everything on the outside of it look as wild as possible (я сделал, чтобы все снаружи его выглядело так дико = необитаемо, как возможно).

I climbed over the wall and pulled up the ladder after me (я перелез через забор и затащил лестницу за собой).

I loaded all my cannon (я зарядил все мои пушки), as I called the guns (как я называл ружья), that I had placed in the wall (которые установил в стене). I put everything in order for a siege (я привел все в порядок, как надо для осады).

Then I waited to see if any enemy would come near (затем я ждал увидеть, если враг приблизится = стал ждать приближения противника).

Two hours, three hours passed (прошли два часа, три часа), and there was no sight nor sound that was at all uncommon (и не было ни вида, ни звука, который был бы необычен). I began to wonder if, after all, the fire had been kindled by some accident (я начал задаваться вопросом, был ли = может быть, в конце концов, огонь зажжен каким-то случаем = случайно; to kindle — зажигать, разжигать /пламя, костер/; accident — /несчастный/ случай) and not by strange men (а не чужаками).

At last I could wait no longer (наконец я не мог больше ждать). I set up my ladder against the side of the rock (я приставил лестницу к боку скалы) and climbed up to a flat place above my castle (и залез на плоское место над замком). I pulled the ladder up after me (я втащил лестницу за собой) and then mounted to another landing (и затем взобрался на другую площадку; to mount — подниматься, восходить; to mount a ladder — взобраться на лестницу). I pulled it up a second time (я втащил ее во второй раз), and it now reached to the top of the great rock (и она теперь достигала верхушки большой скалы).

Here was the place I called my lookout (здесь было место, которое я называл моей смотровой площадкой).

Very carefully I climbed up (очень осторожно я взобрался). I laid myself down upon the rock (я улегся на скале) and through my spyglass looked over toward the place where I had seen the fire (и через подзорную трубу посмотрел на место, где я видел огонь; spyglass — подзорная труба; to spy — шпионить, следить /за кем-л. — on/upon/; подглядывать, подсматривать; glass — стекло).

I could still see the smoke (я по-прежнему мог видеть дым). Yes, and I could see some naked savages sitting around a small fire (да, и я мог видеть несколько обнаженных дикарей, сидящих вокруг маленького костра).

I counted them (я посчитал их), and made out that there were no fewer than nine of the wretches (и вычислил, что там было не менее девяти этих убогих; wretch — жалкий человек; негодяй).

They surely did not need a fire to warm themselves by (им уж определенно не нужен был огонь, чтобы греться возле него), for the day was very hot (так как день был очень знойным). No doubt they were cooking something (без сомнения, они готовили что-то). Perhaps they were cannibals and were getting ready for one of their horrible feasts (возможно, они были каннибалами и готовились к одному из своих ужасных пиров; to get ready — готовиться: «становиться готовым»).

On the beach (на берегу: «на береговой полосе») not far from them (недалеко от них) I saw the two canoes in which they had arrived (я увидел два каноэ, на которых они прибыли).

The tide was now at its lowest (отлив был сейчас в своей самой низкой точке). When it returned and floated the canoes, they would probably go away (когда прилив вернется и поднимет каноэ, они, возможно, уплывут; to float — плавать; всплывать; держаться на поверхности воды).

This thought made me feel much easier (эта мысль заставила меня чувствовать гораздо спокойнее = в некоторой мере успокоила меня), for I was sure they would not wander far inland (так как я был уверен, что они не забредут далеко вглубь острова; inland — вглубь страны).

I waited and watched till the tide was again at the flood (я ждал и наблюдал, пока пока прилив не вернулся; flood — подъем воды, прилив; поток; наводнение).

Then I saw them all get into the boats and paddle away (затем я увидел, как они все уселись в лодки и погребли прочь). They seemed to be going around to the other side of the island (они, казалось, собирались идти вокруг /острова/ на другую сторону острова = обогнуть остров).

I could now breathe freely again (я мог опять дышать свободно). As soon as they were well gone, I armed myself and hurried across the land to see if I could get another sight of them (я вооружился и поспешил через местность посмотреть, мог бы я поймать другой вид их = увидеть их вновь).

I carried two guns on my shoulder (я нес два ружья на плече), two pistols in my belt (два пистолета за поясом), and a big sword at my side (и большую = длинную шпагу сбоку). You would have been frightened, had you seen me (вы были бы испуганы, если бы увидели меня).

It was a long, hard walk (это была долгая, трудная прогулка = долгий, трудный путь). But by and by I came to the hill (но вскоре я вышел к холму; by and by — вскоре) that overlooked the farther shore of the island (который возвышался над дальним берегом острова).

This I climbed (на него я взобрался). I scanned sea and land with my spyglass (я осмотрел море и землю через подзорную трубу).

Yes, there were the two canoes coming slowly around the coast (да = в самом деле, было два каноэ, медленно огибающих побережье).

But what was my surprise to see three other boats put off from a cove near by and hasten around to meet them (каково было мое удивление, когда я увидел, как три других лодки снялись из бухты рядом и поспешили им навстречу: «встретить их»)!

It seemed, then, that another party of savages had been feasting at the very spot (значит, видимо, другая партия дикарей пировала на том самом месте; to seem — казаться) where I had seen the first footprint in the sand (где я видел первый отпечаток ноги на песке).

I watched the canoes until all five were far out to sea (я наблюдал за каноэ, пока все пять не были далеко в море), on their way to the low-lying shore in the distant west (на своем пути к низкому берегу на отдаленном западе).

Then I went down to the place where the savages had been feasting (затем я спустился к месту, где /ранее/ пировали дикари).

What a dreadful sight met my eyes (какое ужасное зрелище встретило мои глаза; to meet — встречать)! The sand was covered with blood and bones (песок был покрыт кровью и костями). No doubt some poor captive had been killed there and eaten (без сомнения, какой-то бедный пленник был убит здесь и съеден).

I made up my mind (я принял решение) that if any other savages should ever come to my island for such a feast (что если какие-либо другие дикари когда-либо прибудут на мой остров для такого пира), I would not let them enjoy it (я не позволю им наслаждаться им).

I gathered up the bones and buried them in the sand (я собрал кости и похоронил их в песке; to bury — хоронить, зарывать в землю). Then I went slowly and sadly back to my castle (затем я медленно и печально пошел в замок).

After that I never felt quite safe at any time (после этого я никогда не чувствовал себе достаточно безопасно в какое-либо время). I dared not fire a gun (я не решался стрелять из ружья); I dared not build a fire (не решался разводить огонь); I dared not walk far from home (не решался бродить далеко от дома).

While awake (бодрствуя: «когда бодрствующий»), I was always planning how to escape the savages (я постоянно планировал/размышлял, как избежать дикарей; to escape — бежать, совершать побег; избежать /наказания, опасности и т. п./, спастись; отделаться). While asleep (когда я спал: «когда спящий»), I was always dreaming of dreadful things (мне всегда снились ужасные вещи).

Yet days and months passed by (однако дни и месяцы проходили), and still no other savages came (и все же никакие другие дикари не прибывали; still — до сих пор, все еще, по-прежнему; все же, тем не менее, однако).

early [ˈǝ:lɪ], surprised [sǝˈpraɪzd], siege [si:ʤ], enemy [ˈenɪmɪ], kindle [kɪndl], spyglass [ˈspaɪɡlɑ:s], wretch [retʃ], ready [ˈredɪ], horrible [ˈhɔrǝbl], feast [fi:st], arrive [ǝˈraɪv], return [rɪˈtǝ:n], probably [ˈprɔb(ǝ)blɪ], breathe [bri:ð], hurry [ˈhʌrɪ], pistol [pɪstl], surprise [sǝˈpraɪz], hasten [ˈheɪs(ǝ)n], blood [blʌd], enjoy [ɪnˈʤɔɪ]

I SEE SAVAGES

EARLY one morning in harvest time I went out to my grain fields to cut down some barley. The days were so very hot that it was pleasanter to rise before daylight and do the heavier part of my work before the sun was high. On this morning of which I am telling you, I started out while it was still quite dark. I had been to the fields so often that I could have found the way with my eyes shut.

As I went along, I was surprised to see a light far over toward my side of the island. I stopped and looked. It was plainly the light of a blazing fire.

Who could have built a fire there?

Surely none but savages.

I was so much surprised that I stood still and wondered.

What if those savages should find my grain fields?

They would know at once that somebody had planted them, and they would never rest till they should find me.

I could now see the blaze quite plainly. As the day dawned, I could also see the smoke rising above the trees. The fire was not more than two miles away.

I hurried back to my castle as fast as I could run. I made everything on the outside of it look as wild as possible.

I climbed over the wall and pulled up the ladder after me.

I loaded all my cannon, as I called the guns, that I had placed in the wall. I put everything in order for a siege.

Then I waited to see if any enemy would come near.

Two hours, three hours passed, and there was no sight nor sound that was at all uncommon. I began to wonder if, after all, the fire had been kindled by some accident and not by strange men.

At last I could wait no longer. I set up my ladder against the side of the rock and climbed up to a flat place above my castle. I pulled the ladder up after me and then mounted to another landing. I pulled it up a second time, and it now reached to the top of the great rock.

Here was the place I called my lookout.

Very carefully I climbed up. I laid myself down upon the rock and through my spyglass looked over toward the place where I had seen the fire.

I could still see the smoke. Yes, and I could see some naked savages sitting around a small fire.

I counted them, and made out that there were no fewer than nine of the wretches.

They surely did not need a fire to warm themselves by, for the day was very hot. No doubt they were cooking something. Perhaps they were cannibals and were getting ready for one of their horrible feasts.

On the beach not far from them I saw the two canoes in which they had arrived.

The tide was now at its lowest. When it returned and floated the canoes, they would probably go away.

This thought made me feel much easier, for I was sure they would not wander far inland.

I waited and watched till the tide was again at the flood.

Then I saw them all get into the boats and paddle away. They seemed to be going around to the other side of the island.

I could now breathe freely again. As soon as they were well gone, I armed myself and hurried across the land to see if I could get another sight of them.

I carried two guns on my shoulder, two pistols in my belt, and a big sword at my side. You would have been frightened, had you seen me.

It was a long, hard walk. But by and by I came to the hill that overlooked the farther shore of the island.

This I climbed. I scanned sea and land with my spyglass.

Yes, there were the two canoes coming slowly around the coast.

But what was my surprise to see three other boats put off from a cove near by and hasten around to meet them!

It seemed, then, that another party of savages had been feasting at the very spot where I had seen the first footprint in the sand.

I watched the canoes until all five were far out to sea, on their way to the low-lying shore in the distant west.

Then I went down to the place where the savages had been feasting.

What a dreadful sight met my eyes! The sand was covered with blood and bones. No doubt some poor captive had been killed there and eaten.

I made up my mind that if any other savages should ever come to my island for such a feast, I would not let them enjoy it.

I gathered up the bones and buried them in the sand. Then I went slowly and sadly back to my castle.

After that I never felt quite safe at any time. I dared not fire a gun; I dared not build a fire; I dared not walk far from home.

While awake, I was always planning how to escape the savages. While asleep, I was always dreaming of dreadful things.

Yet days and months passed by, and still no other savages came.

I DISCOVER A WRECK

(я обнаруживаю корабль, потерпевший кораблекрушение)

ONE day in May a great storm burst upon the island (одним майским днем большая буря обрушилась на остров; to burst — лопаться; разрываться; взрываться; разражаться). All day and far into the night the rain fell and the wind blew (весь день и глубоко ночью: «далеко в ночь» падал = шел дождь и дул ветер; to fall — падать; to blow — дуть), the lightnings flashed (сверкали молнии), and the thunder rolled (и катился гром = раздавались раскаты грома).

But I was used to such storms (но привык к таким штормам), and I minded it but little (и не обращал на него большого внимания). I stayed home in my castle (я оставался дома в моем замке), and felt very thankful that I had a place so safe and dry and comfortable (и чувствовал благодарность: «чувствовал /себя/ благодарным» за то, что у меня было такое безопасное, сухое и удобное место; to feel — чувствовать).

I sat up quite late (я не ложился спать довольно поздно = допоздна; to sit up — не ложиться спать; засиживаться до поздней ночи; бодрствовать), reading my Bible by the light of a little lamp I had made (читая Библию при свете маленького светильника, которую я сделал), and thinking of my strange lot in life (и думая о моем странной жребии в жизни). Suddenly I heard a sound which I felt sure was the noise of a gun fired at sea (вдруг я услышал звук, который, я чувствовал, наверняка был шумом ружья, выстрелившего в море).

I started up quickly (я быстро вскочил). I threw on my raincoat (я набросил дождевик) and mounted to my lookout on the top of the great rock (и взобрался на смотровую площадку на вершине большой скалы).

The rain had stopped and the wind was going down (дождь прекратился, и ветер стихал). It was now past midnight (было уже за полночь), and very dark (и очень темно).

A moment after I had reached my place (через мгновение после того, как я добрался до места) there was a flash of light that caused me to stop (была вспышка света, которая заставила меня остановится) and listen for another gun (и прислушаться, не будет ли еще /ружейного/ выстрела).

In a few seconds I heard it (через несколько секунд я услышал его). It seemed to come from that part of the sea (он, казалось, донесся с той части моря) where I was once caught by the strong current (где я был однажды захвачен сильным потоком; to catch — ловить) and driven far out in my boat (и отнесен далеко /в море/ в моей лодке; to drive — гнать).

I knew at once that the shots were fired from some ship in distress (я сразу понял, что выстрелы стрелялись с какого-то корабля в бедствии). Perhaps she was being driven upon the shore by the wind and waves (возможно, он /корабль — в англ. языке это слово женского рода/ был относим на берег ветром и волнами). Could I do anything to help the poor men on board (мог ли я сделать что-либо, чтобы помочь бедным людям на борту)?

With great labor and danger to myself (с большим трудом и опасностью для себя) I gathered some sticks and brush into a pile on the rock and set it on fire (я собрал палки и ветки в кучу на скале и поджег их).

The wood was not dry (дрова были не сухими), but when the fire was once kindled (но когда костер был разведен) it blazed up fiercely (он разгорелся неистово/яростно: «свирепо») and cast a light over all the rocks and trees about me (и отбрасывал свет на все скалы и деревья вокруг меня).

I felt sure that if there were sailors on the ship (я чувствовал уверенность, что если на корабле были моряки), they could not help but see it (они не могли не увидеть его /костер/). And no doubt they did see it (и без сомнения, они увидели его), for I soon heard another gun (так как вскоре я услышал другое ружье = другой выстрел).

All night long I kept the fire burning (всю ночь напролет я сохранял огонь горящим = поддерживал огонь); but no other sound besides the wind did I hear (но никаких других звуков, кроме ветра, я не слышал).

When it was broad day (когда наступил день; broad — широкий) and the mists had cleared away (и туман рассеялся: «дымки прояснились»), I turned my spyglass toward that part of the sea from which the sounds came (я обратил мою подзорную трубу в ту сторону, откуда доносились звуки; to turn — поворачивать; toward — /по направлению/ к).

Far away from the shore there was surely something (далеко от берега определенно что-то было); but whether it was a wreck or a ship under sail (но был ли это корабль, потерпевший кораблекрушение, или корабль под парусом), I could not tell (я не мог различить). The distance was too great (расстояние было слишком большим).

I watched it from time to time all day (я смотрел на него время от времени весь день). It did not move (он не двигался).

"It must be a ship at anchor (должно быть, это корабль на якоре)," I said to myself (сказал я себе = подумал я).

Early the next morning (рано следующим утром) I took my gun and went down toward that side of the island where the current had once caught me (я взял свое ружье и спустился к той стороне острова, где поток однажды захватил меня). When I had come to the shore there (когда я пришел к тому берегу: «к берегу там»), I climbed upon some rocks and looked out over the sea (я взобрался на скалы и выглянул на море).

The air was very clear now (воздух был теперь очень ясным), and I could plainly see the ship (и я мог отчетливо видеть корабль).

She was not at anchor (он был не на якоре). She was fast on some great rocks of which there were many in that part of the sea (он застрял на больших рифах, которых было много в этой части моря; fast — крепкий).

I saw that the masts of the vessel were broken (я увидел, что мачты судна были сломаны; to break — ломать), and that her hull was lying more than halfway out of the water (и что его корпус лежал более чем наполовину вне воды).

I thought of the sailors who must have been on board (я подумал о моряках, которые должны были бы быть на борту), and wondered if any had escaped (и задавался вопросом, спасся ли кто-нибудь). It seemed impossible (казалось невозможным) that any could have reached the shore through the furious sea (что кто-то смог добраться до берега через свирепое море) that was raging during the storm (которое бушевало во время шторма; rage — ярость, гнев, бешенство; to rage — беситься, злиться; быть в ярости, в гневе; бушевать, свирепствовать /о буре, эпидемии, страстях и т. п./).

"Oh, that one had been saved (вот если бы кто-нибудь спасся)!" I cried as I walked up and down the shore (восклицал я, ходя из стороны в сторону по берегу).

I wrung my hands (я ломал: «скручивал» руки; to wring — крутить, скручивать, выламывать; to wring one's hands — ломать себе руки), my lips were firmly set (мои губы были жестко сомкнуты: «крепко установлены»), my eyes were full of tears (мои глаза полны слез).

"Oh, that one had been saved!" I cried again and again (снова и снова).

It was thus that after so many lonely years without seeing a friendly face (было так = дело в том, что после столь многих одиноких лет, не видя дружеского лица) I longed to have at least one companion to talk with and to share my hopes and fears (я очень хотел иметь хотя бы одного товарища, чтобы говорить с ним и разделить мои надежды и страхи).

The sea was now quite calm (море было теперь довольно спокойным). Even among the rocks the water was smooth (даже между рифов вода была гладкой).

Seeing everything thus favorable (видя, что все было таким благоприятным), I made up my mind to get my canoe and go out to the wreck (я решил взять мое каноэ и отправиться к кораблю, потерпевшему кораблекрушение).

I hurried back to my castle (я поспешил обратно в замок) to get things ready for my voyage (чтобы приготовиться к моей поездке).

I packed a big basket with bread (я наполнил: «упаковал» большую корзину хлебом; to pack — упаковывать, запаковывать, укладывать вещи; тюковать); I filled a jug with fresh water (я наполнил кувшин пресной водой); I put a compass in my pocket (я положил в карман компас) that I might have it to steer by (который мог понадобиться, чтобы с его помощью править /судном/); I threw a bag full of raisins upon my shoulder (я перекинул сумку, полную изюма, через плечо; to throw — бросать).

Loaded with all these necessary things (нагруженный всеми этими нужными вещами), I went round to the place where my canoe was hidden (я пошел к месту, где было спрятано мое каноэ). I found her half full of water (я нашел его наполовину заполненным водой), for she had been lying there neglected for a long time (так как оно лежало там пренебрегаемое = без ухода долгое время).

With much labor I bailed the water out of her (с большим трудом я вычерпал из него воду) and got her afloat (и поставил на воду; afloat — наплаву). Then I loaded my cargo into her (затем я погрузил на него мой груз), and hurried home for more (и поспешил домой за следующим/за бóльшим /грузом/).

My second load (вторым грузом/второй загрузкой) was a bag full of rice (была сумка, полная риса), the umbrella to set up over my head for shade (зонт, чтобы установить его над головой для тени), another jug of water (другой кувшин воды), a cheese (сыр), a bottle of milk (бутылка молока), and about two dozen barley cakes (и около двух дюжин ячменных лепешек).

All these I carried around to my canoe (все это я отнес на каноэ). If there were men on board the wreck they might be in need of food (если на борту потерпевшего крушение корабля были люди, они могли бы нуждаться в еде: «быть в нужде еды»).

When I had arranged everything in good order (когда я все привел в хороший порядок; to arrange — приводить в порядок, расставлять; устраивать, организовывать, подготавливать; принимать меры; range — ряд, линия), I started out (я отправился в путь).

I kept the canoe quite close to the shore (я держал каноэ довольно близко к берегу) until I had rounded the point past which the dangerous current flowed (пока я не обогнул мыс, мимо которого текло опасное течение; point — точка; острие, выступающая часть; мыс). Being then in smooth water (будучи затем в тихой: «гладкой» воде), I struck boldly out toward the wreck (я направился отважно к остову разбитого судна; to strike — ударять; to strike out — направляться; to strike out for the shore — направиться к берегу).

Soon, however, upon looking a little ahead of me (вскоре, тем не менее, глядя немного вперед передо мной), I saw the second current flowing in a great eddy past a long line of half-hidden rocks (я увидел второе течение, текущее большим водоворотом мимо длинной линии полускрытых /водой/ скал).

As I looked on these rapid currents (когда я смотрел на эти быстрые потоки), my heart began to fail me (мое сердце начало отказывать мне). I knew that if I should be driven into one of them, it would carry me a great way out to sea (я знал, что если бы я попал: «был загнан/отнесен» в один из них, он вынес бы меня далеко в море). It would carry me so far that I should never be able to get back again (он вынес бы меня так далеко, что я ни за что не смог бы приплыть обратно).

Yet I was determined to persevere in my venture (и все же я был настроен упорно продолжать мое путешествие; to persevere — упорно добиваться, стойко, упорно продолжать).

discover [dɪsˈkʌvǝ], burst [bǝ:st], lightning [ˈlaɪtnɪŋ], thunder [ˈƟʌndǝ], heard [hǝ:d], Bible [ˈbaɪbl], threw [Ɵru:], raincoat [ˈreɪnkǝut], caught [kɔ:t], distress [dɪsˈtres], anchor [ˈæŋkǝ], during [ˈdjuǝrɪŋ], firmly [ˈfǝ:mlɪ], many [ˈmenɪ], jug [ʤʌɡ], steer [ˈstɪǝ], dozen [ˈdʌz(ǝ)n], arrange [ǝˈreɪnʤ], rapid [ˈræpɪd], driven [ˈdrɪv(ǝ)n], determined [dɪˈtǝ:mɪnd], persevere [ˌpǝ:sɪˈvɪǝ]

I DISCOVER A WRECK

ONE day in May a great storm burst upon the island. All day and far into the night the rain fell and the wind blew, the lightnings flashed, and the thunder rolled.

But I was used to such storms, and I minded it but little. I stayed home in my castle, and felt very thankful that I had a place so safe and dry and comfortable. I sat up quite late, reading my Bible by the light of a little lamp I had made, and thinking of my strange lot in life. Suddenly I heard a sound which I felt sure was the noise of a gun fired at sea.

I started up quickly. I threw on my raincoat and mounted to my lookout on the top of the great rock.

The rain had stopped and the wind was going down. It was now past midnight, and very dark.

A moment after I had reached my place there was a flash of light that caused me to stop and listen for another gun.

In a few seconds I heard it. It seemed to come from that part of the sea where I was once caught by the strong current and driven far out in my boat.

I knew at once that the shots were fired from some ship in distress. Perhaps she was being driven upon the shore by the wind and waves. Could I do anything to help the poor men on board?

With great labor and danger to myself I gathered some sticks and brush into a pile on the rock and set it on fire.

The wood was not dry, but when the fire was once kindled it blazed up fiercely and cast a light over all the rocks and trees about me.

I felt sure that if there were sailors on the ship, they could not help but see it. And no doubt they did see it, for I soon heard another gun.

All night long I kept the fire burning; but no other sound besides the wind did I hear.

When it was broad day and the mists had cleared away, I turned my spyglass toward that part of the sea from which the sounds came.

Far away from the shore there was surely something; but whether it was a wreck or a ship under sail, I could not tell. The distance was too great.

I watched it from time to time all day. It did not move.

"It must be a ship at anchor," I said to myself.

Early the next morning I took my gun and went down toward that side of the island where the current had once caught me. When I had come to the shore there, I climbed upon some rocks and looked out over the sea.

The air was very clear now, and I could plainly see the ship.

She was not at anchor. She was fast on some great rocks of which there were many in that part of the sea.

I saw that the masts of the vessel were broken, and that her hull was lying more than halfway out of the water.

I thought of the sailors who must have been on board, and wondered if any had escaped. It seemed impossible that any could have reached the shore through the furious sea that was raging during the storm.

"Oh, that one had been saved!" I cried as I walked up and down the shore.

I wrung my hands, my lips were firmly set, my eyes were full of tears.

"Oh, that one had been saved!" I cried again and again.

It was thus that after so many lonely years without seeing a friendly face I longed to have at least one companion to talk with and to share my hopes and fears.

The sea was now quite calm. Even among the rocks the water was smooth.

Seeing everything thus favorable, I made up my mind to get my canoe and go out to the wreck.

I hurried back to my castle to get things ready for my voyage.

I packed a big basket with bread; I filled a jug with fresh water; I put a compass in my pocket that I might have it to steer by; I threw a bag full of raisins upon my shoulder.

Loaded with all these necessary things, I went round to the place where my canoe was hidden. I found her half full of water, for she had been lying there neglected for a long time.

With much labor I bailed the water out of her and got her afloat. Then I loaded my cargo into her, and hurried home for more.

My second load was a bag full of rice, the umbrella to set up over my head for shade, another jug of water, a cheese, a bottle of milk, and about two dozen barley cakes.

All these I carried around to my canoe. If there were men on board the wreck they might be in need of food.

When I had arranged everything in good order, I started out.

I kept the canoe quite close to the shore until I had rounded the point past which the dangerous current flowed. Being then in smooth water, I struck boldly out toward the wreck.

Soon, however, upon looking a little ahead of me, I saw the second current flowing in a great eddy past a long line of half-hidden rocks.

As I looked on these rapid currents, my heart began to fail me. I knew that if I should be driven into one of them, it would carry me a great way out to sea. It would carry me so far that I should never be able to get back again.

Yet I was determined to persevere in my venture.

I MAKE ANOTHER VOYAGE

(я предпринимаю еще одно путешествие)

WITH very great care I steered my canoe out to sea (с большой осторожностью я направил мое каноэ в море). I kept just within the edge of the current on my right hand (я держался точно у края потока по правую руку; within — в, внутри; edge — кромка, край; грань, граница). It carried me along at a great rate (он нес меня на большой скорости; rate — норма; ставка, тариф; темп; скорость, ход /как физическая характеристика/), but I did not lose control of the canoe (но я не терял управление каноэ).

In about two hours I came up to the wreck (примерно через два часа я добрался до судна, потерпевшего кораблекрушение). It was a sad sight to look at (это было грустное зрелище: «это было грустное зрелище, чтобы смотреть на него»).

The ship lay partly on her side (корабль частично лежал на боку), and was jammed fast between two great rocks (и был крепко зажат между двумя большими рифами).

She looked like a Spanish ship (он выглядел, как испанское судно). She had been badly broken by the waves (он был сильно поломан волнами), and everything on her decks had been swept away (и все с палуб было смыто /в море/; to sweep — мести; to sweep away — сметать).

As I came close to her (когда я подплыл к нему поближе), a dog looked over her side and barked at me (пес выглянул через борт и залаял на меня; side — сторона, бок). When I called him he jumped into the sea and swam out to the canoe (когда я позвал его, он прыгнул в море и поплыл к каноэ).

I lifted him on board (я поднял его на борт), and found that he was almost dead with hunger and thirst (и обнаружил, что он был почти мертв от голода и жажды).

I gave him a barley cake (я дал ячменную лепешку), and he devoured it like a half-starved wolf (и он сожрал ее, как полумертвый от голода волк; to starve — умирать от голода). I then gave him a little water (затем я дал ему немного воды), but not too much lest he should harm himself (но не очень много, чтобы он не повредил себе = чтобы ему не стало плохо). He drank (он пил), and then looked up as if asking for more (а затем посмотрел вверх, как бы прося еще).

After this I went on board (после этого я взошел на борт). A sad sight met my eyes (печальный вид встретил мои глаза; to meet — встречать). For in the cookroom I saw two sailors who had been drowned (потому что в камбузе я увидел двух моряков, которые утонули), with their arms fast around each other (с руками крепко вокруг друг друга = крепко обнявшись).

I suppose (я предполагаю) that when the ship struck (что когда корабль ударился = сел на мель; to strike — ударять) the waves dashed all over her (волны хлынули через него) and the men had no way of escape (и у людей/экипажа не было никакого пути спасения). Those who were not swept overboard (кого не смыло за борт: «кто не был смыт за борт»; to sweep — мести, сметать) were drowned between decks (утонули между палубами).

Besides the dog there was no other live thing on board (кроме собаки, не было никого другого живого существа на борту).

I found some chests that had belonged to the sailors (я нашел несколько ящиков, которые принадлежали морякам). With much labor I got two of them into the canoe without stopping to look inside of them (с большим трудом я затащил два из них на каноэ, не останавливаясь, чтобы посмотреть внутрь их).

Besides these chests (кроме этих ящиков), I took a fire shovel and tongs (я взял лопату для огня = камина и щипцы), which I needed very much (которые мне были очень нужны). I found, also, two little brass kettles (я нашел также два маленьких латунных чайника; brass — латунь, желтая медь), a gridiron (рашпер /решетка для поджаривания мяса/; grid — решетка, сетка; iron — железо), and a large copper pot (и большой медный горшок/большую медную кастрюлю).

The tide was now setting in toward the island again (прилив направлялся к острову опять). So, with the few goods I had found and the poor dog, I started for home (поэтому с немногими вещами, которые я нашел, и бедным псом я отправился домой; goods — товар; товары; вещи, имущество).

By keeping on the outside of the eddying current (держась снаружи крутящегося потока; eddy — маленький водоворот, воронка; to eddy — крутиться в водовороте) I had no trouble in bringing the canoe safe to land (у меня не было трудностей привести каноэ невредимым к суше). The sun was almost down (солнце почти зашло) when I anchored her in a little inlet just off the point of rocks (когда я поставил его на якорь в маленькой бухте как раз скалистым мысом).

I was so tired (я был таким уставшим) that I could do nothing more that day (что в тот день я больше не мог ничего делать). So, after eating my supper (поэтому, съев ужин), of which I gave the dog a good share (из которого я дал собаке хорошую долю), I lay down in the canoe and went to sleep (я лег в каноэ и заснул; to lie — лежать; to lie down — ложиться).

I slept very soundly (я спал очень крепко; sound — здоровый, крепкий; глубокий /о сне/), and did not wake until morning (и не просыпался до утра).

In looking over my goods (осматривая товары/вещи), I made up my mind to store them in my new cave in the woods (я решил хранить/складировать их в моей новой пещере в лесу). For that was much nearer than my home castle (потому что она была гораздо ближе, чем мой родной замок).

When I opened the chests (когда я открыл ящики) I found several things that I was very glad to get (я обнаружил несколько вещей, которые я был очень рад получить).

In one I found two jars of very good sweetmeats (в одном я нашел две банки очень хороших засахаренных фруктов; jar — банка; кувшин; кружка; мера жидкости /= 8 пинтам = 4,54 л/). They were so well corked (они были так хорошо закупорены) that the salt water had not harmed them (что соленая вода не повредила им). There were two other jars of the same kind (были еще две другие банки того же рода = две другие подобные банки); but they were open at the top (но они были открыты сверху /у крышек/), and the water had spoiled the sweetmeats (и вода испортила засахаренные фрукты/конфеты).

In the other chest there were some good shirts (в другом ящике было несколько хороших рубашек), which I needed very much (которые мне были очень нужны). There were also about a dozen and a half of white linen handkerchiefs (там было также около полутора дюжин: «дюжины с половиной» белых льняных платков). I was very glad to find these (я был очень рад найти их), for they would be pleasant to wipe my face with on a hot day (потому что ими будет приятно вытереть лицо в жаркий день).

In a secret drawer of the first chest (в потайном ящичке первого ящика; drawer — выдвижной ящик; to draw — тянуть, тащить) I found three bags of Spanish money (я обнаружил три мешочка испанских денег). I counted eleven hundred pieces of silver (я насчитал одиннадцать сотен серебряных монет).

At the bottom of one of the bags there were six Spanish gold pieces, each worth about fifteen dollars (на дне одной сумки было шесть испанских золотых монет, каждая стоимостью примерно пятнадцать долларов). These were wrapped up in a piece of paper (они были завернуты в кусок бумаги).

At the bottom of the other bag there were some small bars of gold (на дне одной сумки было несколько небольших слитков золота). I suppose there was at least a pound of these yellow pieces (я предполагаю, там был по крайней мере фунт этих желтых слитков).

After all, I got very little by this voyage (в конце концов: «после всего», я получил очень мало от этого путешествия). I had no use for the money (я не мог использовать эти деньги: «не имел использования для денег»). It was worth no more to me than the dust under my feet (они обладали для меня не большей ценностью, чем пыль под моими ногами). I would have given it all for a pair of good shoes or some stockings for my feet (я бы отдал это все за пару хороших туфель или хороших чулок для моих ног).

After I had carried everything to my cave (после того, как я отнес все в мою пещеру) I took the canoe back to her old harbor on the farther side of the island (я отвел каноэ обратно в заводь на дальней стороне острова). Then I returned to my castle (затем я вернулся в замок), where I found everything in good order (где нашел все в хорошем порядке).

And now I began to live easily again (и теперь я снова начал жить вольготно; easily — легко; свободно, без труда). I was as watchful as before (я был столь же осторожен, как и раньше), and never went from my castle without looking carefully around (и никогда не уходил из замка, как следует не осмотревшись; carefully — тщательно, аккуратно; внимательно; заботливо; care — забота).

I seldom went to the other side of the island (я редко ходил на другую сторону острова). When I visited my cave in the woods (когда я навещал мою пещеру в лесу), or went to see my goats (или отправлялся посмотреть на моих коз), I took good care to be well armed (я заботился: «брал хорошую заботу», чтобы быть хорошо вооруженным).

lose [lu:z], control [kǝnˈtrǝul], sailor [ˈseɪlǝ], handkerchief [ˈhæŋkǝtʃi:f], gridiron [ˈɡrɪdaɪǝn], worth [wǝ:Ɵ], wrap [ræp]

I MAKE ANOTHER VOYAGE

WITH very great care I steered my canoe out to sea. I kept just within the edge of the current on my right hand. It carried me along at a great rate, but I did not lose control of the canoe. In about two hours I came up to the wreck. It was a sad sight to look at.

The ship lay partly on her side, and was jammed fast between two great rocks.

She looked like a Spanish ship. She had been badly broken by the waves, and everything on her decks had been swept away.

As I came close to her, a dog looked over her side and barked at me. When I called him he jumped into the sea and swam out to the canoe.

I lifted him on board, and found that he was almost dead with hunger and thirst.

I gave him a barley cake, and he devoured it like a half-starved wolf. I then gave him a little water, but not too much lest he should harm himself. He drank, and then looked up as if asking for more.

After this I went on board. A sad sight met my eyes. For in the cookroom I saw two sailors who had been drowned, with their arms fast around each other.

I suppose that when the ship struck the waves dashed all over her and the men had no way of escape. Those who were not swept overboard were drowned between decks.

Besides the dog there was no other live thing on board.

I found some chests that had belonged to the sailors. With much labor I got two of them into the canoe without stopping to look inside of them.

Besides these chests, I took a fire shovel and tongs, which I needed very much. I found, also, two little brass kettles, a gridiron, and a large copper pot.

The tide was now setting in toward the island again. So, with the few goods I had found and the poor dog, I started for home.

By keeping on the outside of the eddying current I had no trouble in bringing the canoe safe to land. The sun was almost down when I anchored her in a little inlet just off the point of rocks.

I was so tired that I could do nothing more that day. So, after eating my supper, of which I gave the dog a good share, I lay down in the canoe and went to sleep.

I slept very soundly, and did not wake until morning.

In looking over my goods, I made up my mind to store them in my new cave in the woods. For that was much nearer than my home castle.

When I opened the chests I found several things that I was very glad to get.

In one I found two jars of very good sweetmeats. They were so well corked that the salt water had not harmed them. There were two other jars of the same kind; but they were open at the top, and the water had spoiled the sweetmeats.

In the other chest there were some good shirts, which I needed very much. There were also about a dozen and a half of white linen handkerchiefs. I was very glad to find these, for they would be pleasant to wipe my face with on a hot day.

In a secret drawer of the first chest I found three bags of Spanish money. I counted eleven hundred pieces of silver.

At the bottom of one of the bags there were six Spanish gold pieces, each worth about fifteen dollars. These were wrapped up in a piece of paper.

At the bottom of the other bag there were some small bars of gold. I suppose there was at least a pound of these yellow pieces.

After all, I got very little by this voyage. I had no use for the money. It was worth no more to me than the dust under my feet. I would have given it all for a pair of good shoes or some stockings for my feet.

After I had carried everything to my cave I took the canoe back to her old harbor on the farther side of the island. Then I returned to my castle, where I found everything in good order.

And now I began to live easily again. I was as watchful as before, and never went from my castle without looking carefully around.

I seldom went to the other side of the island. When I visited my cave in the woods, or went to see my goats, I took good care to be well armed.

I HAVE A QUEER DREAM

(я вижу странный сон)

TWO years passed without any alarms (два года прошли без каких-либо тревог; alarm — /боевая/ тревога), and I was beginning to think that nothing would ever again happen to disturb the quiet of my life (и я начинал думать, что ничто никогда не случится опять, что могло бы нарушить спокойствие моей жизни).

One night in the rainy season of March I could not sleep (одной ночью в дождливый мартовский сезон мне не спалось: «я не мог спать»). I lay for hours in my hammock and was not able to close my eyes (я лежал часами в гамаке и не мог: «не был способен» сомкнуть глаз).

I was thinking, thinking, thinking (я думал, думал, думал).

I thought of all that had ever happened to me both before and after my shipwreck (я думал обо всем, что случилось со мной до и после кораблекрушения; both — оба; both… and… — как … так и …; и … и …).

I thought of my first happy years on the island (я думал о первых счастливых годах на острове).

I thought of the fear and care that I had lived in ever since I saw the first footprint in the sand (я думал о страхе и заботах, в которых я жил постоянно с того времени, как я увидел первый отпечаток ноги в песке).

Then I thought of my great desire to see my native land once more (затем я подумал о моем большом желании увидеть мою родную землю еще раз), and to have friends and companions (и чтобы у меня были друзья и товарищи) with whom I could talk (с которыми я мог бы поговорить).

These thoughts brought to mind the savages of whom I had so great a dread (эти мысли вызвали в уме: «привели на ум» дикарей, которых я столь боялся), and I began to ask myself a thousand questions about them (и я начал спрашивать себя = задавать себе тысячу вопросов о них).

How far off was the coast from which they came (как далеко был берег, с которого они приплывали)?

Why did they come to my island from so great a distance (почему они приплывали на мой остров с такого большого расстояния)?

What kind of boats did they have (что за лодки были у них)?

With such thoughts as these I lay awake until far in the night (с такими мыслями я лежал, бодрствуя, допоздна в ночи). My pulse beat fast (мой пульс бил часто), my breath came hard (дыхание было прерывистым: «приходило тяжело»), my nerves were unstrung (нервы были ослабленными/ненатянутыми = расшатанными; unstrung — ослабленный, ненатянутый /о струнах, луке/ расшатанный /о нервах/; string — веревка; to string — натягивать /струну, тетиву/).

At last (наконец), worn out by my very restlessness (измученный самим моим беспокойством; to wear — носить /одежду, обувь/; изнашивать), I fell asleep (я погрузился в сон).

The same thoughts must have followed me into my dreams (те же самые мысли, должно быть, преследовали меня в снах: «последовали за мной в сновидения»), but they took a different form (но они приняли иную форму).

I dreamed (мне снилось) that I was sitting on the seashore (что я сидел на берегу моря) with my gun on my lap (с ружьем на коленях) and my umbrella by my side (и зонтиком возле меня).

I was thinking, thinking, thinking (я думал, думал, думал). I had never been so sad and lonely (я никогда не был столь грустным и одиноким).

I was thinking of the home I was never to see again (я думал о доме, который мне не суждено было больше: «никогда» увидеть), and of the friends who perhaps had forgotten me (и о друзьях, которые, возможно, забыли меня; to forget — забывать).

Suddenly, as I lifted my eyes (вдруг, когда я поднял глаза), I thought I saw two canoes coming toward the island (мне показалось, что я увидел два каноэ, движущиеся к острову). I ran and hid myself in a grove by the shore (я побежал и спрятался в леске у берега; grove — лесок, роща; to run — бежать; to hide — прятать).

There were eleven savages in the canoes (в лодках было одиннадцать дикарей), and they had with them another savage whom they were going to kill and eat (и с ними был другой дикарь, которого они собирались убить и съесть).

But I thought in my sleep that this savage suddenly sprang up and ran for his life (но я подумал во сне = мне приснилось, что этот дикарь вдруг вскочил и побежал /спасая/ свою жизнь; to spring — прыгать, скакать; to spring up — вскакивать).

I thought that he came running to the little grove, to hide himself in it (я подумал, что он прибежал в маленький лесок, чтобы спрятаться в нем).

Seeing him alone (видя его одного), I arose and met him (я встал и встретил его; to arise — подниматься). I smiled kindly (я улыбнулся по-доброму/ласково), and tried to make him know that I was his friend (и попытался дать ему понять, что я был его другом).

He threw himself on the ground at my feet (он бросился на землю у моих ног; to throw — бросать). He seemed to be asking my help (казалось, он просил помощи: «он казался быть просящим моей помощи»).

I showed him my ladder (я показал ему мою лестницу) and made him go up over the wall (и заставил/пригласил его перелезть стену; to make smb. do smth. — побуждать кого-л. сделать что-л.).

Then I led him into my castle (затем я провел его в замок; to lead — вести), and he became my servant (и он стал моим слугой; to become — становиться).

I thought in my sleep, that I cried aloud for joy (мне показалось в моем сне, что воскликнул громко от радости) and said: "Now I shall escape from this place (теперь я убегу из этого места). For this savage will be my pilot (потому что этот дикарь будет моим лоцманом). He will guide me to the mainland (он укажет мне путь к материку; to guide — вести, быть чьим-л. проводником). He will tell where to go and what to do (он будет говорить мне, куда идти и что делать). He will help me find my own people (он поможет мне найти соотечественников: «моих собственных людей»)."

This thought filled my mind with great joy (эта мысль наполнила мою душу большой радостью) and while I was still rejoicing I awoke (и когда я еще радовался, я проснулся; to awake — просыпаться).

What a disappointment it was to find that it was only a dream (каким разочарованием было обнаружить, что это был только сон)!

For several days I felt very sad (несколько дней подряд мне было очень грустно; to feel — чувствовать). I was almost ready to give up hope (я был почти готов отказаться от надежды).

Then I remembered my dream (затем я вспомнил мой сон); and I said to myself (и сказал самому себе = подумал): "If I could only get hold of a savage (если бы я только смог захватить дикаря) and teach him to love me (и приучить его любить меня), things might turn out just that way (все могло бы обернуться именно так). He must be one of their prisoners (он должен быть одним из пленников) and I must save him from being eaten (и я должен уберечь его от того, чтобы его съели: «от того, чтобы быть съеденным»); for then it will be easy to win his friendship (потому что тогда будет легко добиться его дружбы; to win — выигрывать; добираться, достигать; добиться, получить)."

This thought so fixed itself in my mind (эта мысль так засела у меня в голове) that I could not get rid of it (что я не мог избавиться от нее). Waking or sleeping (бодрствуя или во сне), I seemed to be always planning to get hold of a savage (казалось, я все время обдумывал, как захватить дикаря).

At last I set myself about it in earnest (наконец я настроился на это всерьез; in earnest — всерьез). Almost every day (почти каждый день) I went out with my gun to see (я выходил с ружьем посмотреть) if some of these wild men had not again landed on my island (не высадились ли некоторые из этих диких людей вновь на мой остров).

queer [ˈkwɪǝ], disturb [dɪsˈtǝ:b], both [ˈbǝuƟ], different [ˈdɪf(ǝ)r(ǝ)nt], joy [ˈʤɔɪ], pilot [ˈpaɪlǝt], people [pi:pl], earnest [ˈǝ:nɪst]

I HAVE A QUEER DREAM

TWO years passed without any alarms, and I was beginning to think that nothing would ever again happen to disturb the quiet of my life.

One night in the rainy season of March I could not sleep. I lay for hours in my hammock and was not able to close my eyes. I was thinking, thinking, thinking.

I thought of all that had ever happened to me both before and after my shipwreck.

I thought of my first happy years on the island.

I thought of the fear and care that I had lived in ever since I saw the first footprint in the sand.

Then I thought of my great desire to see my native land once more, and to have friends and companions with whom I could talk.

These thoughts brought to mind the savages of whom I had so great a dread, and I began to ask myself a thousand questions about them.

How far off was the coast from which they came?

Why did they come to my island from so great a distance?

What kind of boats did they have?

With such thoughts as these I lay awake until far in the night. My pulse beat fast, my breath came hard, my nerves were unstrung.

At last, worn out by my very restlessness, I fell asleep.

The same thoughts must have followed me into my dreams, but they took a different form.

I dreamed that I was sitting on the seashore with my gun on my lap and my umbrella by my side.

I was thinking, thinking, thinking. I had never been so sad and lonely.

I was thinking of the home I was never to see again, and of the friends who perhaps had forgotten me.

Suddenly, as I lifted my eyes, I thought I saw two canoes coming toward the island. I ran and hid myself in a grove by the shore.

There were eleven savages in the canoes, and they had with them another savage whom they were going to kill and eat.

But I thought in my sleep that this savage suddenly sprang up and ran for his life.

I thought that he came running to the little grove, to hide himself in it.

Seeing him alone, I arose and met him. I smiled kindly, and tried to make him know that I was his friend.

He threw himself on the ground at my feet. He seemed to be asking my help.

I showed him my ladder and made him go up over the wall.

Then I led him into my castle, and he became my servant.

I thought in my sleep, that I cried aloud for joy and said: "Now I shall escape from this place. For this savage will be my pilot. He will guide me to the mainland. He will tell where to go and what to do. He will help me find my own people."

This thought filled my mind with great joy and while I was still rejoicing I awoke.

What a disappointment it was to find that it was only a dream!

For several days I felt very sad. I was almost ready to give up hope.

Then I remembered my dream; and I said to myself: "If I could only get hold of a savage and teach him to love me, things might turn out just that way. He must be one of their prisoners and I must save him from being eaten; for then it will be easy to win his friendship."

This thought so fixed itself in my mind that I could not get rid of it. Waking or sleeping, I seemed to be always planning to get hold of a savage.

At last I set myself about it in earnest. Almost every day I went out with my gun to see if some of these wild men had not again landed on my island.

I GET HOLD OF A SAVAGE

(я захватываю дикаря)

FOR a year and a half I kept close watch upon the farther shore of the island as well as upon that nearest to my castle (в течение полутора лет я держал постоянное наблюдение за дальним берегом острова, равно как и за тем /берегом, который был/ ближайшим к замку). But not a single savage came near (но ни один дикарь не приблизился = не появился; single — один; единственный; одиночный).

One morning in June, however (однако одним июньским утром), I had a great surprise (я получил большое удивление = случилось неожиданное для меня).

I was just starting out from my castle (я как раз выходил из моего замка) when I saw five canoes lying high and dry on the beach not a mile away (когда увидел пять каноэ, лежащих вытащенными на берег: «высоко и сухими» на берегу не более мили вдалеке = на расстоянии не более мили; high and dry — выброшенный, вытащенный на берег /о судне/). There was not a man near them (не было ни одного человека рядом с ними). The people who had come in them were perhaps asleep among the trees (люди, которые прибыли на них, возможно, спали между деревьями).

The number of canoes was greater (число каноэ было больше) than I had ever counted upon seeing (чем я когда-либо рассчитывал увидеть). For there were always four or six savages in each canoe (потому что в каждом каноэ всегда было четыре или шесть дикарей; always — всегда, неизменно), and there must now be between twenty and thirty men somewhere on the shore (и /значит/ должно быть между двадцатью и тридцатью мужчин где-то на берегу).

I did not know what to think of it (я не знал, что думать об этом). I did not feel brave enough to attack so many (я не чувствовал себя достаточно смелым, чтобы напасть на столь многих).

So I stayed in my castle (поэтому я остался в замке) and made ready to defend myself (и приготовился защищаться: «защищать себя»).

"There is little hope of getting a savage this time (мало надежды заполучить дикаря в этот раз)," I thought to myself (подумал я про себя).

I waited a long while (я ждал долго), but heard no unusual sound (но не услышал никаких необычных звуков). I grew tired of waiting (я устал: «стал уставшим» от ожидания = мне надоело ждать; to grow — становиться; tired — усталый, уставший; потерявший интерес, пресытившийся), and made up my mind to see what was going on (и решил посмотреть, что происходило).

So, with the help of my ladder (итак, с помощью лестницы), I climbed up to my lookout on the top of the rock (я взобрался на мою смотровую площадку на вершине скалы). I put my spyglass to my eyes (я приставил подзорную трубу к глазам) and looked down upon the beach (и посмотрел вниз на берег).

Surely enough (и действительно: «достаточно несомненно»; surely — конечно, непременно; несомненно)! there they were (они там были). I saw no fewer than thirty naked savages dancing around a fire (я увидел не менее тридцати обнаженных дикарей, танцующих вокруг огня; to dance — танцевать). I saw that they were broiling meat upon the coals (я видел, что они варили мясо на углях), but I could not tell what kind of meat it was (но я не мог различить, что это было за мясо).

As I watched I saw some of the dancers run to a boat and drag two miserable prisoners from it (когда я /так/ наблюдал, я увидел, как несколько танцоров побежали к лодке и притащили с нее двух несчастных пленников). They must have been in the boat all the time (должно быть, они были в лодке все это время), but as they were lying down I did not see them (но так как они лежали, я не видел их).

All the dancers now crowded around the poor prisoners (все танцоры столпились теперь вокруг несчастных пленников). They knocked one of them down with a club (они сбили одного с ног дубинкой), and then fell upon him with their knives (и затем набросились на него с ножами). I supposed they were going to cut him up for their horrid feast (я предположил, что они собирались разрезать его для своего страшного пира; to cut up — разрубать, разрезать на куски).

For a few moments they seemed to forget the other prisoner (на несколько мгновений они, казалось, забыли о другом пленнике), for they left him standing alone at one side (так как оставили его одного, стоящим в стороне).

All at once he made a break for liberty (неожиданно он сделал попытку убежать: «сделал рывок к свободе»). You never saw a hound run so fast (вы никогда не видели, чтобы гончая бежала так быстро). He ran along the sandy beach (он бежал вдоль песчаного берега), right toward my castle (прямо к моему замку). I was dreadfully frightened (я был ужасно напуган). I thought that now my dream was coming true (я подумал, что мой сон сбывался: «становился правдивым»; true — правдивый, достоверный), and that he would surely hide in my grove (и что он непременно спрячется в моей роще).

But would the other part of the dream come true (но сбудется ли другая часть сна)? Would the other savages lose sight of him (потеряют ли другие = остальные дикари его из виду), and running another way, not come near the castle (и, убегая по другому пути, не придут близко к моему замку) ? I feared not (я опасался, что нет = что этого не произойдет).

However, I stayed in my lookout and watched to see what would happen (тем не менее, я оставался на смотровой площадке и наблюдал, чтобы увидеть, что произойдет).

I saw, to my joy (я увидел, к моей радости), that only three of the savage followed him (что только трое из дикарей последовали за ним). He ran so fast that he gained ground on them (он бежал так быстро, что оторвался от них: «выиграл землю»). If he could hold out for ten or fifteen minutes (если он продержится десять-пятнадцать минут), he would get away from them all (он сможет убежать от них всех; to get away — уходить; отправляться; удирать; выбираться).

Between the savages and my castle there was the little river (между дикарями и моим замком была маленькая река) where I had first landed with my raft (в которой я в самом начале пристал со своим плотом). If the poor fellow could not swim across this stream, he would surely be taken (если бы бедняга не сможет переплыть этот поток, он точно будет схвачен). I watched to see what he would do (я наблюдал, что же он будет делать).

To my surprise the river did not hinder him at all (к моему удивлению, река не остановила его вовсе; to hinder — задерживать, затруднять, мешать, препятствовать). The tide was up (был прилив: «поток был вверх»), but he plunged in (но он нырнул) and with twenty or thirty strokes was across (и двадцатью-тридцатью гребками переплыл; across — поперек, на ту сторону). I had never seen a finer swimmer (я никогда не видел лучшего пловца).

When his pursuers reached the stream (когда его преследователи достигли потока; to pursue — преследовать), he was already far away (он был уже далеко). Two of them jumped in and swam across (двое из них прыгнули в /воду/ и переплыли /речку/). The other one stood still a minute (другой = третий постоял с минуту на месте; to stand still — стоять на месте) and then turned softly back (а затем повернул тихонько назад). It was lucky for him that he could not swim (для него было удачей: «удачно» то, что он не мог плавать).

"Now," thought I to myself, "now is the time to get me a savage (теперь время добыть себе дикаря)!"

In another moment I was down in my castle (через мгновение я был /уже/ внизу, в замке). I picked up my two guns (я подхватил два ружья). I was over the wall in less time than it takes me to tell about it (я был на стене за меньше время, чем мне требуется, чтобы об этом сказать). Never once did I think of fear (ни разу я не подумал о страхе).

I ran swiftly down the hill toward the sea (я быстро сбежал вниз по холму к морю). In another minute I was between the poor captive and his pursuers (в следующую минуту я был между бедным пленником и его преследователями).

"Hello, there (эй, ты: «эй, там»)! Come back (вернись: «приди назад»)! I will help you (я помогу тебе)," I cried (крикнул я).

Of course he did not understand a word (конечно же, он не понял ни слова). But he heard me and looked back (но он услышал меня и оглянулся: «посмотрел назад»). I beckoned to him with my hand (я махнул ему рукой; to beckon — манить, кивать; делать знак /рукой, пальцем/), and this he understood better (и это он понял лучше).

There was no time for waiting (не было времени ждать), however (однако). The two savages that followed were close upon me (двое дикарей, которые последовали /за ним/, были близко ко мне).

I rushed upon the foremost one (я бросился на переднего; to rush — бросаться, мчаться, устремляться; foremost — передний, передовой, находящийся впереди других) and knocked him down with my gun (и сбил его с ног ружьем). I did not want to shoot (я не хотел стрелять), lest the other savages would hear the noise and come to his rescue (чтобы другие дикари не услышали шум и не пришли ему на помощь).

The second pursuer came (второй преследователь приблизился), running and panting (бегом и задыхаясь), only a little way behind (лишь немного отстав; behind — сзади, позади). When he saw me (когда он увидел меня), he stopped as if he were frightened (он остановился, как будто был напуган). I ran toward him (я побежал к нему), with my gun to my shoulder (с ружьем на плече).

As I came nearer (когда я приблизился: «подошел ближе»), I saw that he had a bow and arrow (я увидел, что у него были лук и стрела) and was taking aim at me (и что он целился в меня: «брал цель»). What could I do but shoot (что я мог сделать, кроме как выстрелить)? He fell to the ground and never moved again (он упал на землю и никогда не пошевелился опять = и больше не шевелился).

I now looked around to see what had become of the poor captive (я осмотрелся, чтобы увидеть, что стало с бедным пленником). I saw him standing still and gazing at me (я увидел егостоящим неподвижно и глазеющим/уставившимся на меня; to gaze — пристально глядеть; вглядываться; уставиться). The noise of my gun had frightened him so (шум моего ружья так испугал его) that he did not know what to do (что он не знал, что делать).

I called to him (я окликнул его): "Come here (иди сюда), my good fellow (приятель: «мой добрый товарищ»), I will not hurt you (я не обижу тебя; to hurt — причинить боль, ранить; обидеть)."

But of course he did not understand (конечно, он не понял). Then I motioned to him with signs (тогда я показал ему знаками; to motion — приглашать жестом, показывать жестом /что нужно или можно сделать/). He came a little way and then stopped (он подошел немного и затем остановился). He came a little farther (он подошел немного дальше) and stopped again (и вновь остановился). He was trembling like a leaf (он дрожал как лист).

No doubt (без сомнения) he was afraid that he would be killed as his two pursuers had been (он боялся, что будет убит, как были убиты два его преследователя).

I spoke kindly to him (я заговорил с ним доброжелательно) and made signs that I would not hurt him (и сделал знаки = знаками показал, что не причиню ему вреда). He came nearer and nearer (он подходил все ближе), trembling (дрожа), and kneeling down at almost every step (и чуть не вставая на колени почти при каждом шаге; to kneel down — преклонять колени, вставать на колени).

I smiled (я улыбнулся); I looked as pleasant as I could (я смотрел так мягко/любезно, как мог); I made still other signs (я еще делал другие знаки = продолжал делать знаки; still — до сих пор, /все/ еще, по-прежнему).

He came quite close to me (он подошел довольно близко ко мне). He laid his head upon the ground (он положил голову на землю; to lay — класть). He took hold of my foot and set it on his neck (он схватил мою ногу и поставил себе на шею). This was his way of saying that he would be my slave forever (это был способ сказать, что он будет моим рабом навсегда).

I took hold of his hand and lifted him up (я взял его руку и поднял его). I spoke kindly to him (я говорил с ним мягко).

Thus I at last got hold of a savage, as I had so long desired (таким образом я захватил дикаря, как я так долго хотел).

attack [ǝˈtæk], unusual [ˈʌnˈju:ʒuǝl], dance [dɑ:ns], miserable [ˈmɪz(ǝ)r(ǝ)bl], prisoner [ˈprɪznǝ], horrid [ˈhɔrɪd], once [wʌns], break [ˈbreɪk], liberty [ˈlɪbǝtɪ], fellow [ˈfelǝu], plunge [plʌnʤ], pursuer [pǝˈsju:ǝ], understood [ˌʌndǝˈstu:d], foremost [ˈfɔ:mǝust], pant [pɑ:nt], poor [ˈpuǝ], captive [ˈkæptɪv], forever [fǝˈrevǝ], desire [dɪˈzaɪǝ]

I GET HOLD OF A SAVAGE

FOR a year and a half I kept close watch upon the farther shore of the island as well as upon that nearest to my castle. But not a single savage came near. One morning in June, however, I had a great surprise.

I was just starting out from my castle when I saw five canoes lying high and dry on the beach not a mile away. There was not a man near them. The people who had come in them were perhaps asleep among the trees.

The number of canoes was greater than I had ever counted upon seeing. For there were always four or six savages in each canoe, and there must now be between twenty and thirty men somewhere on the shore.

I did not know what to think of it. I did not feel brave enough to attack so many.

So I stayed in my castle and made ready to defend myself.

"There is little hope of getting a savage this time," I thought to myself.

I waited a long while, but heard no unusual sound. I grew tired of waiting, and made up my mind to see what was going on.

So, with the help of my ladder, I climbed up to my lookout on the top of the rock. I put my spyglass to my eyes and looked down upon the beach.

Surely enough! there they were. I saw no fewer than thirty naked savages dancing around a fire. I saw that they were broiling meat upon the coals, but I could not tell what kind of meat it was.

As I watched I saw some of the dancers run to a boat and drag two miserable prisoners from it. They must have been in the boat all the time, but as they were lying down I did not see them.

All the dancers now crowded around the poor prisoners. They knocked one of them down with a club, and then fell upon him with their knives. I supposed they were going to cut him up for their horrid feast.

For a few moments they seemed to forget the other prisoner, for they left him standing alone at one side.

All at once he made a break for liberty. You never saw a hound run so fast. He ran along the sandy beach, right toward my castle. I was dreadfully frightened. I thought that now my dream was coming true, and that he would surely hide in my grove.

But would the other part of the dream come true? Would the other savages lose sight of him, and running another way, not come near the castle? I feared not.

However, I stayed in my lookout and watched to see what would happen.

I saw, to my joy, that only three of the savage followed him. He ran so fast that he gained ground on them. If he could hold out for ten or fifteen minutes, he would get away from them all.

Between the savages and my castle there was the little river where I had first landed with my raft. If the poor fellow could not swim across this stream, he would surely be taken. I watched to see what he would do.

To my surprise the river did not hinder him at all. The tide was up, but he plunged in and with twenty or thirty strokes was across. I had never seen a finer swimmer.

When his pursuers reached the stream, he was already far away. Two of them jumped in and swam across. The other one stood still a minute and then turned softly back. It was lucky for him that he could not swim.

"Now," thought I to myself, "now is the time to get me a savage!"

In another moment I was down in my castle. I picked up my two guns. I was over the wall in less time than it takes me to tell about it. Never once did I think of fear.

I ran swiftly down the hill toward the sea. In another minute I was between the poor captive and his pursuers.

"Hello, there! Come back! I will help you," I cried.

Of course he did not understand a word. But he heard me and looked back. I beckoned to him with my hand, and this he understood better.

There was no time for waiting, however. The two savages that followed were close upon me.

I rushed upon the foremost one and knocked him down with my gun. I did not want to shoot, lest the other savages would hear the noise and come to his rescue.

The second pursuer came, running and panting, only a little way behind. When he saw me, he stopped as if he were frightened. I ran toward him, with my gun to my shoulder.

As I came nearer, I saw that he had a bow and arrow and was taking aim at me. What could I do but shoot? He fell to the ground and never moved again.

I now looked around to see what had become of the poor captive. I saw him standing still and gazing at me. The noise of my gun had frightened him so that he did not know what to do.

I called to him: "Come here, my good fellow I will not hurt you."

But of course he did not understand. Then I motioned to him with signs. He came a little way and then stopped. He came a little farther and stopped again. He was trembling like a leaf.

No doubt he was afraid that he would be killed as his two pursuers had been.

I spoke kindly to him and made signs that I would not hurt him. He came nearer and nearer, trembling, and kneeling down at almost every step.

I smiled; I looked as pleasant as I could; I made still other signs.

He came quite close to me. He laid his head upon the ground. He took hold of my foot and set it on his neck. This was his way of saying that he would be my slave forever.

I took hold of his hand and lifted him up. I spoke kindly to him.

Thus I at last got hold of a savage, as I had so long desired.

I AM PLEASED WITH MY MAN FRIDAY

(я доволен моим слугой Пятницей; man — человек; слуга)

THE savage spoke to me (дикарь заговорилсо мной; to speak — говорить). I could not understand his words (я не мог понять его слов), but they were very pleasant to hear (но они были приятными на слух/было приятно их слышать). For it had now been more than twenty-five years since I had heard the sound of a man's voice (так как было = прошло уже более двадцати пяти лет с того времени, когда я слышал звук человеческого голоса).

He pointed to the two savages (он указал на двух дикарей) who had been pursuing him (которые /ранее/ преследовали его). They were lying on the ground where they had fallen (они лежали на земле, там, где они упали). Both were quite dead (оба были совершенно мертвы).

He could not understand how I had killed the second savage (он не мог понять, как я убил второго дикаря) when he was so far away from me (когда он был так далеко от меня). He made signs that I should let him see whether his enemy was really dead or only pretending to be so (он делал знаки, что я должен дать ему посмотреть, действительно ли его враг был мертв или только притворялся быть таковым).

I told him, as well as I could (я сказал ему, насколько смог: «так хорошо, как я мог»), that he might go to him (что он может пойти к нему). He ran to the fallen savage and looked at him (он подбежал к упавшему дикарю и посмотрел на него). He turned him first on one side and then on the other (он перевернул его сначала на одну сторону, а затем на другую). He seemed very much puzzled (он казался очень озадаченным; puzzle — вопрос, ставящий в тупик; головоломка, загадка; to puzzle — приводить в затруднение, ставить в тупик; озадачивать).

Then he picked up the savage's bow and arrows (затем он подобрал лук и стрелы дикаря) and brought them to me (и принес их мне; to bring — приносить).

I turned to go back to my castle (я повернулся, чтобы идти обратно в замок) and beckoned him to follow me (и поманил его последовать за мной).

He stood quite still for a moment (он стоял совершенно неподвижно какое-то мгновение) and then pointed again to the bodies on the ground (а затем указал опять на тела на земле). By signs he asked me if he might bury them (знаками он спросил меня, мог ли похоронить их), lest the other savages should come up and find them there (чтобы другие дикари не смогли прийти и найти их там). I answered by signs (я ответил знаками) and gave him leave (и дал ему разрешение).

The work was quickly done (работа была быстро сделана). With a sharp stick (острой палкой) and his big hands (и своими большими руками; hand — кисть руки; ладонь) he soon dug two big holes in the sand (он вскоре вырыл две большие ямы в песке). He laid the bodies in them and covered them up (он положил в них тела и покрыл = засыпал их; to lay — класть). Then he smoothed the sand (затем он разровнял песок) and patted it down so (и прибил/утрамбовал его так; to pat — похлопывать; поглаживать; шлепать; бить, ударять /плоским или тупым предметом/) that no one could see that it had been touched (что никто не смог бы увидеть, что он был тронут = что здесь рыли).

Having thus put the two savages out of sight he turned to me again (убрав таким образом двоих дикарей из виду, он снова повернулся ко мне). I motioned him to follow me (я показал ему знаком следовать за мной). But on second thought (но, поразмыслив: «на второй мысли») I did not go back to the castle (я не пошел обратно в замок). I led him far into the woods (я отвел его далеко в лес; to lead — вести), to my new cave of which I have told you (к моей новой пещере, о которой я рассказывал вам).

Once inside of that cave (зайдя внутрь пещеры/оказавшись внутри пещеры; once — один раз; раз, разок; единожды, однажды), I felt safe (я почувствовал себя в безопасности).

I gave the poor fellow some bread and a bunch of raisins to eat (я дал бедняге поесть хлеб и горсть изюма). I gave him also a drink of water from a jug (я дал ему также глоток воды = попить воды из кувшина), and he was so thirsty (и он так хотел пить; to be thirsty — испытывать жажду: «быть жаждущим»; thirst — жажда) from running (от бега = оттого, что бежал) that he came near drinking it all (что он чуть не выпил его /кувшин/ весь).

Then I showed him a place where I had put some rice straw (затем я показал ему место, где я положил рисовую солому) with a blanket over it (с одеялом на ней). It was quite a good bed (это была довольно хорошая постель), and I myself had sometimes slept upon it (и я сам иногда спал на ней).

He seemed to know (казалось, он понял) that I meant for him to lie down there and rest (что я указывал ему лечь здесь и отдохнуть; to mean — иметь в виду; думать, подразумевать). Soon he was fast asleep (вскоре он крепко спал: «был крепко спящим»).

He was a handsome fellow (он был красивый/стройный парень). He was tall but not too large (он был высоким, но не слишком большим).

His hair was long and black (его волосы были длинными и черными). His forehead was high and broad (его лоб был высоким и широким). His eyes were very bright (его глаза были яркими = ясными).

His face was round and plump (его лицо было круглым и полным; plump — полный; округлый, пухлый). His nose was well shaped (егонос был хорошей формы: «хорошо сформирован»). His lips were thin (его губы были тонкими). His teeth were white as ivory (его зубы были белыми как слоновая кость).

His skin was not black like that of an African (его кожа не была черной). It was not yellow like that of some Indians (она не была желтой, как кожа некоторых индейцев). But it was a kind of olive color (но она была оттенком оливкового цвета), very pleasant to look at (очень приятной на вид: «приятной, чтобы смотреть на нее»).

After he had been asleep about an hour he awoke (после того, как он проспал около часа, он проснулся; to awake — просыпаться) and came out of the cave where I was milking my goats (и вышел из пещеры туда, где я доил моих коз). He made signs to show that he was glad to see me (он сделал знаки, чтобы показать, что он рад видеть меня).

Then he laid his head flat down on the ground (затем он положил голову плоско вниз на землю = прижал к земле) and set my foot upon it (и поставил на нее мою ногу), as he had done before (как он сделал это прежде). This was his way of saying that he would do anything I wished (это был его способ сказать, что сделает все, что я пожелаю).

I understood him and told him by signs that I was well pleased with him (я понял его и сказал ему знаками, что я доволен им).

I spoke some simple words to him (я сказал ему несколько простых слов) and tried to teach him what they meant (и попробовал научить его = объяснить ему, что они обозначали; to mean — значить). He was quick to learn and soon began to try to talk to me (он быстро учился: «был быстр учиться» и скоро начал пытаться говорить со мной).

I named him FRIDAY (я назвал его Пятница), because it was on that day of the week that I had saved his life (потому что именно в этот день недели я спас его жизнь).

He soon learned to call me "Master" (он вскоре научился называть меня «хозяин»), and to say "yes" and "no" in the right way (и говорить «да» и «нет» правильно = и различать «да» и «нет»).

In the evening I gave him an earthen pot with some milk in it (вечером я дал ему глиняный горшок с молоком), and showed him how to sop his bread in the milk (и показал, как мочить хлеб в молоке). I also gave him a barley cake (я также дал ему ячменную лепешку), which he ate as though it was very good (которую он съел, как будто она была очень хороша).

All that night we stayed in the cave (всю эту ночь мы оставались в пещере). But early the next morning I led him back to my castle (но рано следующим утром я повел его назад в замок).

My first care was to learn whether the savages had left the island (первой моей заботой было выяснить, покинули ли дикари остров). I climbed to the top of the rock and looked around with my spyglass (я забрался на вершину скалы и осмотрелся при помощи подзорной трубы).

I saw the place where the savages had been (я увидел место, где побывали дикари). I saw where they had built their fire (я увидел, где они разводили костер). But they were not there (но их там не было). I could see no sign of them or of their canoes (я не смог разглядеть никаких признаков их или их каноэ). It was plain that they had left the place (было ясно, что они покинули это место; to leave — оставлять, покидать).

I gave my man Friday one of my guns to carry (я дал моему слуге Пятнице нести одно из моих ружей). In his right hand he held my sword (в правой руке он держал мою шпагу), and on his back were his bow and arrows (а на его спине были его лук и стрелы = а на спине он нес лук и стрелы).

I carried two guns myself (я сам нес два ружья). And thus armed (и /будучи/ так вооруженными) we went boldly down to the beach (мы отважно спустились к берегу).

The sand was red with blood (песок был красным от крови), and bones and bits of flesh were scattered all around (а кости и куски мяса были разбросаны везде вокруг). These I caused Friday to gather up and bury (я приказал Пятнице собрать их и похоронить).

We stayed on the beach for some time (мы оставались на берегунекоторое время), but could find nothing more (но ничего больше не могли найти).

Friday gave me to understand (Пятница дал мне понять) that there had been three other prisoners in the boats with him (что в лодках вместе с ним было три других пленника = еще три пленника). I had no doubt (у меня не было никаких сомнений) that the savages had killed and eaten them all (что дикари убили и съели всех их).

The next day I made a tent for Friday to stay in (на следующий день я сделал навес для Пятницы, чтобы /он мог/ оставаться там = жить; to stay — останавливаться, жить; оставаться /где-л./, задержаться /где-л./). It was just inside of my castle wall (он был точно/как раз внутри моей стены замка = сразу за стеной замка) and in front of the door into my own sleeping room (и перед дверью /ведущей/ в мою собственную спальню).

As he had no clothes (поскольку у него не было одежды) I set to work to make him a suit (я принялся за работу, чтобы сделать ему костюм). I gave him some linen trousers (я дал ему льняные штаны) which had belonged to one of our sailors (которые принадлежали одному из наших моряков), and which I had not worn because they were too small (и которые я не носил, потому что они были слишком малы; to wear — носить /одежду, обувь/).

Then I made him a little jacket of goatskin (затем я сделал ему курточку из козьей шкуры), and from the skin of a rabbit (а из кожи кролика) I fashioned a very good cap (я сшил ему очень хорошую шапку; fashion — форма, очертания; покрой /об одежде/; to fashion — придавать форму; создавать) that fitted his head quite well (которая подходила к его голове вполне хорошо).

You should have seen him when he was clothed (вам стоило бы посмотреть на него, когда он был так одет). He was very proud, but oh, so awkward (он был очень горд, но, Боже мой, столь неуклюж)!

He went around with a broad smile on his face (он расхаживал: «ходил вокруг» с широкой улыбкой на лице). He tried to do everything that was pleasing to me (он старался делать все, что было мне приятно).

And indeed I was much delighted with him (и в самом деле, я был очень рад ему/доволен им). For no man ever had a more faithful servant (потому что ни у кого не было более преданного слуги; faith — вера; доверие).

Friday [ˈfraɪdeɪ, ˈfraɪdɪ], pursue [pǝˈsju:], dead [ded], really [ˈrɪ(ǝ)lɪ], pretend [prɪˈtend], body [ˈbɔdɪ], forehead [ˈfɔrɪd], nose [ˈnǝuz], teeth [ti:Ɵ], ivory [ˈaɪv(ǝ)rɪ], olive [ˈɔlɪv], color [ˈkʌlǝ], quick [kwɪk], talk [tɔ:k], blood [blʌd], bury [ˈberɪ], linen [ˈlɪnɪn], trousers [ˈtrauzǝz], because [bɪˈkɔ:z], faithful [ˈfeɪƟf(ǝ)l]

I AM PLEASED WITH MY MAN FRIDAY

THE savage spoke to me. I could not understand his words, but they were very pleasant to hear. For it had now been more than twenty-five years since I had heard the sound of a man's voice. He pointed to the two savages who had been pursuing him. They were lying on the ground where they had fallen. Both were quite dead.

He could not understand how I had killed the second savage when he was so far away from me. He made signs that I should let him see whether his enemy was really dead or only pretending to be so.

I told him, as well as I could, that he might go to him. He ran to the fallen savage and looked at him. He turned him first on one side and then on the other. He seemed very much puzzled.

Then he picked up the savage's bow and arrows and brought them to me.

I turned to go back to my castle and beckoned him to follow me.

He stood quite still for a moment and then pointed again to the bodies on the ground. By signs he asked me if he might bury them, lest the other savages should come up and find them there. I answered by signs and gave him leave.

The work was quickly done. With a sharp stick and his big hands he soon dug two big holes in the sand. He laid the bodies in them and covered them up. Then he smoothed the sand and patted it down so that no one could see that it had been touched.

Having thus put the two savages out of sight he turned to me again. I motioned him to follow me. But on second thought I did not go back to the castle. I led him far into the woods, to my new cave of which I have told you.

Once inside of that cave, I felt safe.

I gave the poor fellow some bread and a bunch of raisins to eat. I gave him also a drink of water from a jug, and he was so thirsty from running that he came near drinking it all.

Then I showed him a place where I had put some rice straw with a blanket over it. It was quite a good bed, and I myself had sometimes slept upon it.

He seemed to know that I meant for him to lie down there and rest. Soon he was fast asleep.

He was a handsome fellow. He was tall but not too large.

His hair was long and black. His forehead was high and broad. His eyes were very bright.

His face was round and plump. His nose was well shaped. His lips were thin. His teeth were white as ivory.

His skin was not black like that of an African. It was not yellow like that of some Indians. But it was a kind of olive color, very pleasant to look at.

After he had been asleep about an hour he awoke and came out of the cave where I was milking my goats. He made signs to show that he was glad to see me.

Then he laid his head flat down on the ground and set my foot upon it, as he had done before. This was his way of saying that he would do anything I wished.

I understood him and told him by signs that I was well pleased with him.

I spoke some simple words to him and tried to teach him what they meant. He was quick to learn and soon began to try to talk to me.

I named him FRIDAY, because it was on that day of the week that I had saved his life.

He soon learned to call me "Master," and to say "yes" and "no" in the right way.

In the evening I gave him an earthen pot with some milk in it, and showed him how to sop his bread in the milk. I also gave him a barley cake, which he ate as though it was very good.

All that night we stayed in the cave. But early the next morning I led him back to my castle.

My first care was to learn whether the savages had left the island. I climbed to the top of the rock and looked around with my spyglass.

I saw the place where the savages had been. I saw where they had built their fire. But they were not there. I could see no sign of them or of their canoes. It was plain that they had left the place.

I gave my man Friday one of my guns to carry. In his right hand he held my sword, and on his back were his bow and arrows.

I carried two guns myself. And thus armed we went boldly down to the beach.

The sand was red with blood, and bones and bits of flesh were scattered all around. These I caused Friday to gather up and bury.

We stayed on the beach for some time, but could find nothing more.

Friday gave me to understand that there had been three other prisoners in the boats with him. I had no doubt that the savages had killed and eaten them all.

The next day I made a tent for Friday to stay in. It was just inside of my castle wall and in front of the door into my own sleeping room.

As he had no clothes I set to work to make him a suit. I gave him some linen trousers which had belonged to one of our sailors, and which I had not worn because they were too small.

Then I made him a little jacket of goatskin, and from the skin of a rabbit I fashioned a very good cap that fitted his head quite well.

You should have seen him when he was clothed. He was very proud, but oh, so awkward!

He went around with a broad smile on his face. He tried to do everything that was pleasing to me.

And indeed I was much delighted with him. For no man ever had a more faithful servant.

I TEACH FRIDAY MANY THINGS

(я учу Пятницу многим вещам)

WHEN my man Friday had been with me three days I took him out hunting (когда мой слуга Пятница пробыл со мной три дня, я взял его на охоту).

As we were going through some woods (когда мы шли через лес), I saw a wild goat lying under a tree with two young kids sitting by her (я увидел дикую козу, лежащую под деревом с двумя молодыми козлятами, сидящими рядом с ней). I caught hold of Friday (я схватил Пятницу).

"Stop," I said. "Stand still (стой смирно)."

Then I took aim at one of the kids (затем я прицелился в одного из козлят; to take aim — целиться: «брать цель»), shot and killed it (выстрелил и убил его; to shoot — стрелять).

The noise of the gun so frightened the poor savage (шум ружья так испугал бедного дикаря) that he did not know what to do (что он не знал, что делать). He shook like a leaf (он трясся как лист; to shake — трясти/сь/). He thought that I was going to kill him (он подумал, что я собираюсь убить его).

He did not see the kid I had shot (он не видел козленка, которого я застрелил). He threw himself at my feet (он бросился к моим ногам; to throw — бросать). Although I could not understand a word he said (хотя я не мог понять ни слова из того, что он говорил), yet I knew that he was begging me to have pity on him (все же я знал = понял, что он просил меня иметь жалость к нему = помиловать его).

And indeed I did pity him (и я в самом деле пожалел его) — he was so frightened (он был так напуган).

I took him by the hand and lifted him up (я взял его за руку и поднял). I laughed at him (я рассмеялся) and pointed to the kid that I had killed (и показал на козленка, которого я убил). When he saw it and understood me (когда он увидел его и понял меня), he ran to fetch it (он побежал подобрать его; to fetch — принести, достать; приносить убитую дичь /о собаке/).

Going on through the woods (продолжая идти по лесу: «через лес»), I saw a big bird sitting on a tree (я увидел большую птицу, сидящую на дереве). I thought it was a hawk (я подумал, что это ястреб/сокол).

"See there, Friday (посмотри-ка, Пятница)!" I said, as I pointed to it (указывая на нее: «когда я указывал на нее»).

Bang (бам)! went my gun (выстрелило: «пошло» мое ружье). The bird fell to the ground (птица упала на землю; to fall — падать). It was not a hawk, but a parrot (это был не ястреб, а попугай).

Friday was amazed (Пятница был удивлен; to amaze — изумлять, поражать, удивлять). He looked at the gun and trembled (он смотрел на ружье и дрожал).

For a long time he would not touch a gun (долгое время он не хотел прикасаться к ружью). He would look at it and talk to it (он смотрел на него и заговаривал с ним). He would say, in his own language (он говорил на своем языке): "O wonderful thing (о удивительная вещь)! Do not kill me (не убивай меня)! Do not kill me!"

We found nothing more in the woods that day (в тот день мы больше ничего не нашли в лесу). Friday carried the kid home (Пятница отнес козленка домой), and I took off its skin and dressed it (а я снял с него шкуру и приготовил/приправил его; to dress — готовить /что-л. для использования/; ; готовить, приправлять /еду/). Then I stewed some of the best pieces (затем я потушил несколько лучших кусков) and made some good broth (и приготовил хорошую похлебку).

At dinner I gave some of the broth to my man (во время обеда я дал немного похлебки моему слуге). He liked it very well (она ему очень понравилась), but he could not bear salt in it (но он не мог выносить соль в ней).

I tried to show him that food was best with a little salt (я попытался показать ему, что пища была лучше с небольшим количеством соли = если приправить ее немного солью). But he did not think so (но он так не думал), and he would never eat meat that was salted (и никогда не хотел есть мясо, которое было посолено).

The next day I set Friday to work (на следующий день я дал Пятнице работу; to set — сажать; засаживать /кого-л. за работу/, поручать, заставлять /что-л. делать/). I had him thrash some barley for me (я заставил его молоть ячмень вместо меня) and grind the grains into meal (и молоть зерно в муку) as I had always done (как я всегда делал).

He did his work very well (он очень хорошо справлялся со своей работой).

Then I let him see me make some bread and bake it (затем я дал ему посмотреть, как я делаю хлеб и пеку его). He learned very fast (он учился очень быстро) and soon could cook (и вскоре мог готовить) and keep house as well as any one (и смотреть за домом: «держать дом = вести хозяйство», как любой другой).

Little by little I taught him how to work on my farm (мало-помалу я обучил его, как работать на моей ферме; little by little — мало-помалу, понемногу, постепенно). We fenced another field and sowed more barley (мы огородили другое поле и посеяли больше ячменя). For now there were two mouths to feed instead of one (потому что теперь было два рта, чтобы кормить = которые надо было кормить, вместо одного).

Very soon Friday learned to talk quite well (очень скоро Пятница научился говорить вполне хорошо). He learned the name of everything he saw (он выучил имя/название всего, что он видел). He was very quick (он был очень быстр), and I took pleasure in teaching him (и было приятно учить его; to take pleasure in smth. — получать удовольствие от чего-л.: «брать удовольстве в чем-л.»).

I told him all about gunpowder and guns (я рассказал ему все о порохе и ружьях) and showed him how to shoot (и показал ему, как стрелять). I gave him a knife (я дал ему нож), which pleased him not a little (который ему очень понравился). I made him a belt (я сделал ему пояс) and gave him a hatchet to carry in it (и дал ему топорик, чтобы носить в нем = за поясом).

I told him about the countries on the other side of the great ocean (я рассказал ему о странах на другой стороне большого океана). And I told him something of my own history (и я рассказал ему кое-что из моей собственной истории).

Little by little I explained (постепенно я объяснил) how my people traded in great ships (как мои люди = мои соотечественники торговали на больших судах), and how my own ship had been wrecked on the coast of this island (и как мой собственный корабль потерпел кораблекрушение на побережье этого острова).

Thus, between working and teaching (так, между работой и обучением), I forgot all my fears (я забыл все мои страхи). The days passed by (проходили дни), and every day brought some new delight (и каждый день приносил какую-либо новую радость; delight — удовлетворение, удовольствие, наслаждение, развлечение).

It was the pleasantest year of my life (это был самый приятный год моей жизни).

I often asked my man Friday to tell me about his own country (я часто просил моего слугу Пятницу рассказать мне о его собственной стране; to ask — спрашивать; просить). He told me all that he knew (он рассказал мне все, что знал), and his words made me feel quite sure that the mainland of South America was not far away (и его слова внушили мне уверенность: «заставили меня почувствовать довольно уверенно/определенно», что континент Южной Америки был недалеко; mainland — континент, материк: «главная земля»).

In fact (на деле), the low shore (низкий берег) that I could see far to the west of my island (который я мог видеть далеко на запад от моего острова) was part of the coast of that great continent (был частью побережья того большого материка).

Friday told me that white men sometimes went there (Пятница рассказал мне, что белые люди иногда приплывали туда). He said that they had long, dark beards (он сказал, что у них были длинные, темные бороды) and were always trying to trade with his people (и они всегда старались торговать с его народом).

I felt quite sure they were Spaniards (я был вполне уверен, что они были испанцами), and I had a great mind to go over (и имел большое намерение/желание отправиться туда; to go over — переходить /на другую сторону/; пойти, сходить /в какое-л. место, находящееся на некотором расстоянии/), if I could (если смогу), and join them (и присоединиться к ним). Indeed, my whole mind was set on seeing some of my own people again (в самом деле, весь мой ум был настроен увидеть некоторых из моих соотечественников опять; mind — ум; душевное состояние; намерение, желание).

I thought that if I could only get to the mainland (я подумал, что если бы я только смог добраться до материка), I would find some way to reach England (я бы нашел какой-либо способ достичь Англии), or at least some place where Englishmen lived (или, по крайне мере, какого-либо места, где жили англичане).

At last I told Friday (наконец я сказал Пятнице) that I would give him a boat to go back to his own country (что я дам ему лодку, чтобы он вернулся в свою страну). This was part of my plan for getting away from the island (это было частью моего замысла ухода с этого острова).

I took him over to the other side of the island and showed him my canoe (я отвел его на другую сторону острова и показал ему мое каноэ; to take — брать; доставлять; сопровождать; провожать; вести; брать с собой).

We cleared it of water (мы очистили его от воды) and then took a short sail in it (а затем сделали небольшое /водное/ путешествие на ней). Friday could paddle very well (Пятница мог грести веслом очень хорошо).

"Now, Friday (а теперь, Пятница)," I said, "shall we paddle across the sea to your own country (поплывем через море в твою страну)?"

He looked very dull at my saying this (он выглядел очень понурым, когда я это сказал; dull — незаточенный, тупой; тупой, глупый; тусклый; понурый, унылый, безрадостный, грустный), and I saw that he thought the canoe was too small (и я видел, что он думал, что каноэ слишко маленькое).

"Well (хорошо)," I said, "I have a bigger boat (у меня есть лодка побольше). I will show it to you to-morrow (я покажу ее тебе завтра)."

The next morning, therefore (на следующее утро, таким образом; therefore — поэтому, следовательно), I took him to see the first boat I had made (я отвел его посмотреть на первую лодку, которую я сделал) and which I could not get to the water (и которую я не мог доставить к воде = дотащить до воды).

He said it was big enough (он сказал, что она довольно большая). But it had been lying on the ground for twenty-three years (но она пролежала на земле двадцать три года) and was rotten (и была прогнившей; rotten — гнилой, прогнивший; to rot — гнить).

"We will make a new boat, Friday (мы сделаем новую лодку, Пятница)," I said. "We will make one as big as this (мы сделаем такую же большую /лодку/, как эта). Then you shall go to your old home in it (затем ты сможешь поплыть в ней на родину: «в свой старый дом»)."

He looked very sad (он выглядел очень грустным).

"Why are you angry with Friday (почему ты сердит на Пятницу; anger — гнев; раздражение)?" he asked (спросил он). "What has he done (что он сделал)?"

I told him that I was not angry (я сказал ему, что я не сердит), and asked him what he meant (и спросил его, что он имел в виду).

"Not angry! not angry!" he cried (воскликнул он). "Then why do you want to send Friday away to his old home (тогда почему ты хочешь отправить Пятницу в его старый дом)?"

"Why, Friday (как почему, Пятница)," I said, "didn't you say that you wished you were there (разве ты не говорил, что хочешь, чтобы ты был там = оказаться там)?"

"Yes, yes," said he. "Friday wishes both were there, but not Friday without his master (Пятница хочет, чтобы оба были там, но не Пятница без своего хозяина)."

"But what would I do there (но что я буду там делать)?" I asked. "I could do nothing (я ничего не могу делать)."

"Oh, yes, master," he answered very quickly (ответил он очень быстро = тут же), "You could do much (ты многое можешь сделать). You could teach wild mans to be tame (ты можешь научить дикарей быть смирными; tame — прирученный, одомашненный; укрощенный /о животных/; послушный, податливый, уступчивый), to know God (узнать Бога), to live right (жить правильно). You could do much."

"No, Friday," I said. "You shall go without me (ты должен отправиться без меня). Leave me here to live by myself (оставь меня здесь жить наедине с самим собой/одному) as I did before (как я жил ранее)."

He looked very sad (он выглядел очень грустным). Then all at once he ran and picked up a hatchet (затем совершенно неожиданно он побежал и подхватил топорик). He brought it and gave it to me (он принес его и дал мне).

"What shall I do with this (что мне с этим делать)?" I asked.

"You take it (ты бери его). Kill Friday (убей Пятницу)," he said.

"Indeed (в самом деле = ну и ну)," I said, "and why shall I do that (а зачем я должен это сделать)?"

"Then why do you send Friday away (тогда почему ты отправляешь Пятницу прочь)?" he said "Better kill than send away (лучше убить, чем отправлять)."

The tears stood in his eyes as he spoke (слезы стояли в его глазах, когда он говорил). I saw that he loved me and would always stand by me (я увидел, что он любит меня и всегда будет помогать мне; to stand by — присутствовать; защищать, помогать, поддерживать: «стоять при/возле»).

So I told him that I would never, never send him away, and that he should always stay with me (поэтому я сказал ему, что я никогда, никогда не отошлю его, и что он навсегда останется со мной).

You should have seen his eyes brighten (вам следовало бы увидеть, как прояснились его глаза; to brighten — прояснять/ся/; наполнять/ся/ радостью; bright — яркий; блестящий; светящийся; радостный, сияющий от счастья).

pity [ˈpɪtɪ], amazed [ǝˈmeɪzd], language [ˈlæŋɡwɪʤ], pleasure [ˈpleʒǝ], history [ˈhɪst(ǝ)rɪ], South [ˈsauƟ], Spaniard [ˈspænjǝd], dull [dʌl]

I TEACH FRIDAY MANY THINGS

WHEN my man Friday had been with me three days I took him out hunting.

As we were going through some woods, I saw a wild goat lying under a tree with two young kids sitting by her. I caught hold of Friday. "Stop," I said. "Stand still."

Then I took aim at one of the kids, shot and killed it.

The noise of the gun so frightened the poor savage that he did not know what to do. He shook like a leaf. He thought that I was going to kill him.

He did not see the kid I had shot. He threw himself at my feet. Although I could not understand a word he said, yet I knew that he was begging me to have pity on him.

And indeed I did pity him — he was so frightened.

I took him by the hand and lifted him up. I laughed at him and pointed to the kid that I had killed. When he saw it and understood me, he ran to fetch it.

Going on through the woods, I saw a big bird sitting on a tree. I thought it was a hawk.

"See there, Friday!" I said, as I pointed to it.

Bang! went my gun. The bird fell to the ground. It was not a hawk, but a parrot.

Friday was amazed. He looked at the gun and trembled.

For a long time he would not touch a gun. He would look at it and talk to it. He would say, in his own language: "O wonderful thing! Do not kill me! Do not kill me!"

We found nothing more in the woods that day. Friday carried the kid home, and I took off its skin and dressed it. Then I stewed some of the best pieces and made some good broth.

At dinner I gave some of the broth to my man. He liked it very well, but he could not bear salt in it.

I tried to show him that food was best with a little salt. But he did not think so, and he would never eat meat that was salted.

The next day I set Friday to work. I had him thrash some barley for me and grind the grains into meal as I had always done.

He did his work very well.

Then I let him see me make some bread and bake it. He learned very fast and soon could cook and keep house as well as any one.

Little by little I taught him how to work on my farm. We fenced another field and sowed more barley. For now there were two mouths to feed instead of one.

Very soon Friday learned to talk quite well. He learned the name of everything he saw. He was very quick, and I took pleasure in teaching him.

I told him all about gunpowder and guns and showed him how to shoot. I gave him a knife, which pleased him not a little. I made him a belt and gave him a hatchet to carry in it.

I told him about the countries on the other side of the great ocean. And I told him something of my own history.

Little by little I explained how my people traded in great ships, and how my own ship had been wrecked on the coast of this island.

Thus, between working and teaching, I forgot all my fears. The days passed by, and every day brought some new delight.

It was the pleasantest year of my life.

I often asked my man Friday to tell me about his own country. He told me all that he knew, and his words made me feel quite sure that the mainland of South America was not far away.

In fact, the low shore that I could see far to the west of my island was part of the coast of that great continent.

Friday told me that white men sometimes went there. He said that they had long, dark beards and were always trying to trade with his people.

I felt quite sure they were Spaniards, and I had a great mind to go over, if I could, and join them. Indeed, my whole mind was set on seeing some of my own people again.

I thought that if I could only get to the mainland, I would find some way to reach England, or at least some place where Englishmen lived.

At last I told Friday that I would give him a boat to go back to his own country. This was part of my plan for getting away from the island.

I took him over to the other side of the island and showed him my canoe.

We cleared it of water and then took a short sail in it. Friday could paddle very well.

"Now, Friday," I said, "shall we paddle across the sea to your own country?"

He looked very dull at my saying this, and I saw that he thought the canoe was too small.

"Well," I said, "I have a bigger boat. I will show it to you to-morrow."